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A Model of Heat Transfer in Metal Foaming

Bruno Chinè [1], Valerio Mussi [2], Michele Monno [3], Andrea Rossi [2],
[1] School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
[2] Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
[3] Dipartimento di Meccanica, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy

Metal foams are interesting materials with many potential applications. Foamed metals or alloys include gas voids in the material structure and therefore the density is introduced as a new variable, with the real possibility to modify ad hoc their physical properties. In the indirect foaming process carried out in a furnace, simultaneous mass, momentum and energy transfer between three phases, ...

Numerical Simulation of Electrokinetic Convection-Enhanced Delivery of Macromolecules

Y. Ou [1], A. Jaquins-Gerstl [1], S. G. Weber [1],
[1] Department of Chemistry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

The brain is a heterogeneous porous medium with regions of anisotropy. Measurements of tortuosity (λ) showed that diffusion in gray matter (e.g. striatum) is isotropic (λ = 1.65), whereas it is anisotropic in white matter (e.g. corpus callosum) (λparallel = 1.38, λperpendicular = 1.80)[1-2]. Pressure-driven convection-enhanced delivery (CED) of macromolecules (e.g. drugs) was first described in ...

Optimization of Product from a Segregated Reactor via a Hybrid Modeling Approach

E. Akgün [1], V. Souza [1], J. Appel [1]
Clariant Produkte (Deutschland) GmbH, Burgkirchen, Germany

In the field of chemical reaction engineering chemical kinetics and fluid dynamics are described by various mathematical approaches. Such tools help to shorten the time-to-market of novel products and processes. Thanks to the continuously improving computation power, it is possible to consider the kinetics of chemical reactions as source terms in the Navier-Stokes equations. Even a coupling with ...

Modelling Waste Water Flow in Hollow Fibre Filters

I. Borsi[1] and A. Fasano[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Matematica U. Dini, Università di Firenze, Firenze, Italy

In this paper we present a model to describe the process of waste water filtration based on hollow-fibre membrane filters. In particular, we deal with membranes whose pores diameter is in the range 0.01-0.1 µm. The main problem in these filtering systems is the membrane fouling. The mathematical model consists in two equations for the Darcy's flow through the filter, coupled with an ...

Numerical Simulation of Oil Recovery by Polymer Injection using COMSOL

J. Wegner[1], L. Ganzer[1]
[1]Clausthal University of Technology, Clausthal, Germany

In this paper we used COMSOL Multiphysics to model basic physico-chemical effects relevant in polymer enhanced oil recovery (EOR) such as non-Newtonian rheology of the displacing phase, permeability reduction, adsorption and salinity effects. COMSOL\'s PDE interface as well as Species Transport in Porous Media interface was used for solving the underlying equations. The validity of the ...

Diffuse Interface Models for Metal Foams

B. Chinè[1], M. Monno[2], E. Repossi[3], M. Verani[3]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP Piacenza, Italy; ITCR, Esc. Ciencia e Ing. Materiales, Cartago, Costa Rica
[2]Laboratorio MUSP, Piacenza, Italy; Politecnico di Milano, Dip. Meccanica, Milano, Italy
[3]Politecnico di Milano, MOX-Dip. Matematica, Milano, Italy

The foaming process of a metal is a complex operation which needs to be closely controlled in order to guarantee the wanted properties, by avoiding the formation of defects in the structure of the material. In this work we use COMSOL Multiphysics® version 4.3b and apply the diffuse interface methods of the phase field technique available in the CFD module.To analyze a practical case, foams ...

CFD/Electromagnetics Interactions via Realistic Heat and Mass Transfer to Moist Substrates - new

G. Ruocco[1], M. V. De Bonis[2]
[1]Engineering College, University of Basilicata, Potenza, Italy
[2]I​nstitute of Food Science and Production, National Research Council, Bari, I​taly

Localized convection heat and mass transfer can be intensified and optimized by providing exposure to electromagnetic energy. Conjugate heat and mass transfer are configured by solving the momentum, heat and mass transfer simultaneously in both solid (substrate, comprising of a two-phase chemical species) and fluid (auxiliary air) phases. In this way the heat and mass fluxes vary seamlessly ...

Simulating Corrosion in a Crevice of Commercial Pure Titanium

G. Zhang [1, 2, 3],
[1] Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
[2] Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Clemson, SC, USA
[3] Institute for Biological Interfaces of Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA

Implant devices are assistive devices surgically placed in the human body to restore the functionality of organs and tissues. Metallic implants are often used for load bearing applications including the hip and knee joints. To allow maximum flexibility during surgery for surgeons to pick and choose different combinations of parts (say, head, neck and stem, in the case of total hip replacement), ...

Mathematical Modeling of Glucose Responsive Hydrogels

A. Pareek [1], T. Mathur [2], V. Runkana [1],
[1] Tata Research Development and Design Centre, Tata Consultancy Services, Pune, India
[2] Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India

Diabetes mellitus affects 387 million people across the world according to the latest estimates of International Diabetes Foundation. Insulin is one of the major drugs required to keep the glucose level within desired limits in a diabetic patient. Insulin is generally administered to a patient as a subcutaneous injection and consists of two forms namely, basal and bolus. The basal dosage is ...

Flow Distributor Optimization in a Tubular Reactor

J. O. R. Lizarazo [1], L. A. S. Mejía [1], M. I. J. Gutierrez [1], J. A. P. Avella [1],
[1] Grupo de Investigaciones en Minerales, Biohidrometalurgia y Ambiente - GIMBA, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Santander, Colombia

In the poster you can see a project where using computational tools like the COMSOL Multiphysics® software, hydrodynamics of a photo electrocatalytic reactor was studied. It was evident that the influential factor is the geometry of inlet and exit header. Therefore, these changes were made to reduce the effects of input/output and thus improve the hydrodynamics of the fluid in the reactor. As a ...