D. Cardoen[1,2], B. B. Sales, J. Helsen, A. Verliefde
VITO, Mol, Belgium
Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
Capacitive deionization (CDI) is a desalination technology which is based on the storage of ions in the electrical double layer of a pair of oppositely polarized porous carbon electrodes, which are usually assembled using activated carbon particles (Figure 1). It is efficiently deployed for desalinating water with moderate salt content (eg in domestic water softening). To broaden its ...
S. Skoda, E. Robalinho, E. F. Cunha, M. Linardi
Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
The use of numerical techniques in PEM fuel cell sensoring represents an advantage of project engineering, reducing the costs and accelerating the manufacturing of prototypes. In this work some numerical responses are shown, relating to numerical sensoring of water and oxygen mole fractions at cathode of a 5 cm² of geometric area PEM fuel cell. The need to recognize a geometric figure of merit ...
P. Buttin, B. Malki, P. Barberis, and B. Baroux
SIMAP/groupe SIR, CNRS, France
AREVA - AREVA NP - CEZUS Research Center, France
This paper studies multicomponent transport through zirconia, assuming a chemical reaction involving electrons and oxygen vacancies defects. Classically, according to the Wagner theory for ambipolar diffusion, the electroneutrality condition in the oxide is considered. Therefore three constraints must be satisfied on the transport problem: oxide stoichiometry, electroneutrality and the source ...
Modelling and Simulation of Simultaneous Intrinsic Kinetics, Hydrogen Transport and Heat Transfer in Complex Hydride Hydrogen Storage Systems
G. A. Lozano, J. M. Bellosta von Colbe, T. Klassen, and M. Dornheim
Institute of Materials Research
In proper designs of hydrogen storage systems based on metal hydrides three processes are modelled and simulated: hydrogen flow (through the metal hydride bed), solid-state chemical transformation, and heat transfer (due to the highly exothermic chemical transformation). In this work, modelling and simulation of the hydrogenation in complex hydride tanks is performed using COMSOL, case study is ...
Sz. Beleznai, I. Maros
Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary
General Electric Lighting, GE Hungary KFT, Budapest, Hungary
Two-dimensional plasma transport model was developed in COMSOL Multiphysics Plasma Module to investigate fundamental issues in ceramic metal halide (CMH) lamps starting using Ar/Hg penning gas mixture. The intent of this work is to provide insight into possible design rules that might be applied to the improvement of start-up in moderate pressure metal halide lamps. The model gives a complete ...
C. Grau Turuelo, B. Bergmann, C. Breitkopf, F. Hoffmann, L. Brencher
Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Saxony, Germany
Infineon Technologies GmbH, Dresden, Dresden, Saxony, Germany
A novel technique for semiconductor manufacturing is introduced: Silicon-On-Nothing. This process consists of an initial cylindrical trench which has a shape evolution under certain conditions: high temperature (1100 °C), low pressure (10 Torr) and a non-oxidizing atmosphere such as hydrogen. These conditions enable a, mainly, surface diffusion phenomenon whose final result is an empty space ...
Simulation and Experimental Analysis of Drug Release Rates from Magnetic Nanocomposite Spheres - new
L. Saeeednia, H. Mehraein, F. Abedin, K. Cluff, R. Asmatulu
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Targeted drug delivery systems have been wildly studied in cancer therapy due to the toxicity of most of chemotherapeutic drugs. Nanoparticles can be attached to the small molecules of the drugs and serve as drug carriers to deliver the drug molecules into the area of interest. In this research, polymeric microspheres containing biodegradable poly(D, L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA), magnetic ...
M. Yang, A. Young, and B. Crittenden
Department of Chemical Engineering University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom
A small batch stirred cell which is operated at temperatures up to 400 °C and pressures up to 30 bar is used to study fouling behaviors of selected crude oils. COMSOL Multiphysics package is used for the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) and heat transfer modeling for this stirred cell system. The simulation results are validated against the measured temperature data at various axial ...
Extraction of Phenolic Compound from Grape Fruit. A Comparison Between a 3D FEM Model and Experimental Results
E. Madieta, I. Zouid, R. Siret, and F. Jourjon
Laboratoire GRAPPE, ESA, Angers, France
Fresh fruits and vegetables are gaining importance in the human diet because they contain many beneficial compounds. Among these compounds, phenols are of vital importance due to their antioxidant properties. It is well evident from previous researches that the skin of red grapes is considered a good source of phenols. The aim of this work is to simulate the extraction procedure of phenols in ...
Impact Assessment of Hydrologic and Operational Factors on the Efficiency of Managed Aquifer Recharge Scheme
M.A. Rahman, P. Oberdorfer, Y. Jin, M. Pervin, E. Holzbecher
Department of Applied Geology, Geoscience Center, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
Due to increased demands on groundwater accompanied by increased drawdowns (ca. 2-3 meters/year), technologies that use alternative water resources have been suggested for Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Preliminary studies show that managed aquifer recharge (MAR) would help in optimal use of available water resources and to reduce adverse effects of pumping in the Dupitila aquifer of the city. In this ...