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Modeling of Transport Phenomena in Laser Welding of Steels

A. Métais [1], S. Matteï [2], I. Tomashchuk [2], S. Gaied [1]
[1] ArcelorMittal, Montataire, France
[2] Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne, Université Bourgogne Franche Comté, France

Laser Welded Blank solutions enable to reduce vehicles weight and to optimize their crash performances by means of simultaneous tuning of different grades and thicknesses. The present work aims to characterize numerically and experimentally materials mixing during laser welding. For better understanding of materials mixing based on convection-diffusion process in case of full penetrated laser ...

A Wall-Cooled Fixed-Bed Reactor Model for Gas-Phase Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

A. Nanduri [1], P. L. Mills [1],
[1] Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA

In the early 1920’s, Gas-To-Liquids (GTL) and Coal-To-Liquids (CTL) technologies were developed to account for the depleting crude oil resources [1]. During this period, Franz Fischer and Hans Tropsch developed a process to convert synthesis gas (syn gas), derived from coal gasification, to a wide range of high value-added products. This process later came to be known as Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) ...

Ammonia Removal From Water by a Liquid-Liquid Membrane Contactor Under a Closed Loop Regime

E. Licon[1], S. Casas[1], A. Alcaraz[1], J.L. Cortina[1], C. Valderrama[1]
[1]Universitat Politécnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain

Ammonia separation from water by membrane contactor was simulated on transient state and compared with experimental data. Aqueous low concentrated solution of ammonium with high pH has been pumped inside the hydrophobic hollow fibers, acid solution in the outside part. The system is in closed loop configuration. In order to simulate the separation process, equations were developed considering ...

The Effects of the Contact Angle on the Dynamics of Water Droplet Impingement

J. Hu [1], X. Huang [2], X. Xiong [1], K. T. Wan [2],
[1] University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA
[2] Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA

INTRODUCTION The dynamic behavior of droplet impingement on a solid surface is important to many engineering applications, such as rain drops on automobile windshields, inkjet deposition and metal deposition in manufacturing processes, spray cooling of electronics, and spray coating for various applications. The droplet can spread, splash, and rebound after hitting a solid surface. Contact ...

Design of an Anisokinetic Probe for Sampling Radioactive Particles from Ducts of Nuclear Facilities

P. Geraldini [1],
[1] Sogin Spa, Rome, Italy

The aim of this study is to design a new concept of shrouded probe that meets the ISO 2889 requirements and it is suitable for small-ducts installation. In order to reduce the construction costs they have been considered standard stainless steel welding fittings manufactured according to ASME/ANSI specifications. In particular, with the numerical simulations, they have been firstly evaluated ...

Comparison of Diffusion Flux Models for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

A. Nanduri [1], P. L. Mills [1],
[1] Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA

The Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis (FTS) is a highly exothermic condensation polymerization reaction of syngas (CO+H2) in the presence of Fe/Co/Ru-based catalysts to produce a wide range of paraffins, olefins and oxygenates, the latter of which is often called syncrude. Multi-Tubular Fixed Bed Reactors (MTFBR) and Slurry Bubble Column reactors (SBCR) are widely employed for FTS processes [1]. To ...

Modeling of a Helical Coil Heat Exchanger for Sodium Alanate Based on-board Hydrogen Storage System

S. Kumar[1], and M. Raju[2]
[1]General Motors R&D Center, Warren, MI, USA
[2]Optimal CAE Inc., Detroit, MI, USA

Hydrogen refueling in a metal hydride based automotive hydrogen storage system is an exothermic reaction and hence an efficient heat exchanger is required to remove the heat for fast refueling. In this paper a helical coil heat exchanger embedded in a sodium alanate bed is modeled using COMSOL. Sodium alanate is present in the shell and the coolant flows through the helical tube. A three ...

Modeling of Residual Stresses in a Butt-welded Joint with Experimental Validation

V. Srivastava [1],
[1] Naval Materials Research Laboratory (NMRL), Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Ambernath, Thane, Maharashtra, India

2D-modeling of arc welding in butt-joint configuration was performed in this study considering thermal-structural interactions. Thermal behavior was modeled in COMSOL Multiphysics® using the Heat Transfer Module with weld heat input as a Gaussian pulse whereas structural behavior using Structural Mechanics Module. Thermal-elastic-plastic behavior model based on Von Mises yield criteria and ...

Solid-Liquid Phase Change Simulation Applied to a Cylindrical Latent Heat Energy Storage System

D. Groulx[1], and W. Ogoh[1]

[1]Mechanical Engineering Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

One way of storing thermal energy is through the use of latent heat energy storage systems. One such system, composed of a cylindrical container filled with paraffin wax, through which a copper pipe carrying hot water is inserted, is presented in this paper. It is shown that the physical processes encountered in the flow of water, the heat transfer by conduction and convection, and the phase ...

Modeling of Supercapacitor

G. Madabattula[1], S. K. Gupta[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Low cost high energy density batteries that can be charged and discharged rapidly are required in a number of applications. Tapping energy from renewal resources such as solar, wind and tide requires rapidly generated energy to be first stored and then used round the clock. Storing energy of a moving vehicle as it slows down and recovering it to accelerate the vehicle later can significantly ...