Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
When a solid surface makes contact with a liquid medium, an electrical double layer (EDL) structure forms spontaneously through thermodynamic interaction between electrons and ions. In this study, we developed a computational model using commercial finite element analysis package COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate the double layer structure and quantify the EDL capacitance for the first time. In ...
A. Nagaraj , P. L. Mills ,
 Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA
H2SO4 is a very important chemical commodity, and indeed, a nation’s H2SO4 production has been a reasonably good indicator of its industrial strength for the last century or so1,2. Nearly 350 MM tons of H2SO4 was produced in 20143.The demand for H2SO4 in United States exceeds the supply and hence to increase production, recycling and innovative clean technologies must be explored. From ...
G. Madabattula, S. K. Gupta
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Low cost high energy density batteries that can be charged and discharged rapidly are required in a number of applications. Tapping energy from renewal resources such as solar, wind and tide requires rapidly generated energy to be first stored and then used round the clock. Storing energy of a moving vehicle as it slows down and recovering it to accelerate the vehicle later can significantly ...
A. G. Dixon , D. S. Polcari , A. D. Stolo , M. Tomida ,
 Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
For design of radial flow fixed bed reactors, it is important to ensure proper flow distribution through the catalyst bed. A 2D axisymmetric model of a radial-flow reactor was used to evaluate flow maldistribution through the catalyst bed and the pressure drop through the reactor for a specified flow rate. Effects of different catalysts, screen sizes and flow direction were simulated. Factors ...
J. Hu, R. Jia, K. Wan, X. Xiong
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA
Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA
The dynamic behavior of droplet impingement on a solid surface is important to many engineering applications. This paper studied the dynamic behavior of a droplet impinging onto solid dry surfaces with different surface wettability using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The simulation results were validated against experimental results. It was found that the Level Set method can predict the ...
A. Métais , S. Matteï , I. Tomashchuk , S. Gaied 
 ArcelorMittal, Montataire, France
 Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne, Université Bourgogne Franche Comté, France
Laser Welded Blank solutions enable to reduce vehicles weight and to optimize their crash performances by means of simultaneous tuning of different grades and thicknesses. The present work aims to characterize numerically and experimentally materials mixing during laser welding. For better understanding of materials mixing based on convection-diffusion process in case of full penetrated laser ...
J. Sturnfield ,
 Dow Chemical, Freeport, TX, USA
The pore sizes of many membranes being studied for separating the components in gas mixtures are on the scale of nanometers. Depending on the specific gases and pressures being used, this scale will put the flows in the Transition between Slip Flow and Knudsen regime. The differential flow of the gas components gives the relative diffusion of the gases through the membrane. There are a number of ...
A. Kumar , S. Pramanik , M. Mishra ,
 Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, Punjab, India
 Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, Punjab, India; Nordita, SE-10691, Stockholm, Sweden
Darcian and non-Darcian porous media are characterized by the porosity of medium. To capture miscible viscous fingering in both types of porous media, a new model built with COMSOL® software is presented by coupling of two different physics interfaces (hydrodynamics and transport of solute). For modeling in non-Darcian porous media, Brinkman equation is used. In our simulations, perturbations ...
O. Silva ,
 Amphos 21 Consulting S.L., Barcelona, Spain
Injection conditions of CO2 at the wellhead may play a major role on the flow behavior through the wellbore. The density and the injection rate reached at the bottomhole are key factors affecting the performance and efficiency of CO2 geological storage. In this work, a model of non-isothermal flow of CO2 in injection wells is developed using COMSOL Multiphysics® software and used to assess ...
E. Licon, S. Casas, A. Alcaraz, J.L. Cortina, C. Valderrama
Universitat Politécnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
Ammonia separation from water by membrane contactor was simulated on transient state and compared with experimental data. Aqueous low concentrated solution of ammonium with high pH has been pumped inside the hydrophobic hollow fibers, acid solution in the outside part. The system is in closed loop configuration. In order to simulate the separation process, equations were developed considering ...