Artigos Técnicos e Apresentações

Aqui você encontrará apresentações realizadas nas Conferências de Usuários COMSOL de todo o mundo. As apresentações englobam pesquisas e produtos inovadores feitas por engenheiros e cientistas usando o COMSOL Multiphysics. Os tópicos abramgem uma grande gama de indústrias e aplicações, como elétrica, mecânica, escoamento e química. Use a função de busca "Quick Search" para encontrar apresentações na sua área de interesse.

Heat Transfer in an Oscillating Meniscus

J. Plawsky[1]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA

Experimental data for oscillations occurring at the three phase contact line of an evaporating HFE 7000 meniscus on a silica substrate is presented. The frequency of the oscillations were found to depend on the local value of the evaporative heat ?ux. The thickness, slope, and curvature of the vapor-liquid interface were determined using an interferometry technique, which allowed us to calculate ...

Solving a Two-Scale Model for Vacuum Drying by Using COMSOL Multiphysics

S. Sandoval Torres[1]
[1]Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIIDIR, Oaxaca, Mexico

Drying of porous materials is characterized by the invasion of a gaseous phase replacing the evaporating liquid phase. Vacuum drying is an advanced method applied to oakwood to diminish discoloration, so understand its physics is a very important task. In this work, a two-scale model is solved to simulate vacuum drying of oakwood. A two scale model describes the physics of wood-water relations ...

Heat and Mass Transfer in Reactive Multilayer Systems (RMS)

M. Rühl[1], G. Dietrich[2], E. Pflug[1], S. Braun[2], A. Leson[2]
[1]TU Dresden, Laser and Surface Technology, Dresden, Germany
[2]IWS Dresden, Fraunhofer Institute for Material and Beam Technology, Dresden, Germany

Established joining techniques like welding, soldering or brazing typically are characterized by a large amount of heat load of the components. Especially in the case of heat sensitive structures like MEMS this often results in stress induced deformation and degradation or even damaging of the parts. A back door of this problem are Reactive Multilayer Systems (RMS). These foils consist of several ...

Equation Based Heat and Mass Transfer in Porous Media

S. Pemberton[1], K. Ekici[1], R. Arimilli[1]
[1]The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA

Perspiration during intense physical activity is an essential part of human thermoregulation. Clothing affects the cooling rate of the body. Heat and water vapor are coupled through evaporation and transported through the fabric. A model of the above system was developed for fabrics of different properties to simulate human cooling using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Equation-based modeling allows the ...

Improvements in the Modeling of the Self-ignition of Tetrafluoroethylene

M. Beckmann-Kluge, F. Ferrero, V. Schröder, A. Acikalin, and J. Steinbach
Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Technical University, Berlin, Germany

Tetrafluoroethylene (TFE) is a gas widely employed in industry, which can under specific circumstances experience an exothermic dimerization to octafluorocyclobutane. If the heat generated by this reaction cannot be dissipated to the surroundings, the temperature inside the reactor will continue rising, leading to conditions where TFE can decompose in tetrafluoromethane and carbon black. This ...

Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Natural Convection Flow of (Sub-) and (Super-) Critical CO2 in Aqueous Phase

R. Khosrokhavar[1], G. Elsinga[1], R. Farajzadeh[2], H. Bruining[1]
[1]Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherland
[2]Shell International Global Solutions, Amsterdam, The Netherland

Optimal storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) in aquifers requires dissolution in the aqueous phase. Transfer of CO2 from the gas phase to the aqueous phase or oil phase would be slow if it were only driven by diffusion. Dissolution of CO2 in brine (oil) forms a mixture that is denser than the original brine. This causes a local density increase, which induces natural convection currents accelerating ...

Transport of Cadmium through Molten Salt to Argon Cover Gas in Electrorefiner

K.Revathy[1], S. Agarwal[1], B. Muralidharan[1], G. Padmakumar[1], K. K. Rajan[1]
[1]Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India

Electro refining is one of the important step in the Pyro processing nuclear spent fuel with molten salt. The electro refiner is a process vessel consists of anode ,cathodes and stirrers and ultra –high pure argon gas is provided at the top for inert atmosphere and at the bottom a cadmium layer is provided. The vapor pressure of the cadmium is high at the operating temperature, the cadmium ...

Modeling Phase Separation of Toluene-water in a Horizontal Settler

E. Barega, E. Zondervan, and A.B. De Haan
Eindhoven University of Technology, Dep. Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Eindhoven, the Netherlands

The mixer-settler principle is commonly used for industrial extraction processes. This is done by mixing the two immiscible liquids to perform mass transfer and subsequently separating them in gravity settler. However, when drop size becomes small, separation in a settler becomes difficult and entrainment of valuable chemical occurs. Moreover, entrained impurities dilute the product. ...

Numerical Modeling of Heat and Mass Transfer in Porous Materials During Drying and Shrinkage

D. Lelièvre[1], P. Glouannec[1]
[1]Université de Bretagne-Sud, Lorient, France

Drying is an essential step in many manufacturing processes, for it will have an important impact on the product quality. This is why many numerical models have been realized over decades, in order to predict the hygrothermal behavior of porous media during the drying process. In this paper, we present a model allowing to properly simulate the pressure, heat and mass transfer during the drying of ...

Simulation of Droplet Impingement on a Solid Surface by the Level Set Method

J. Hu[1], R. Jia[1], K. Wan[2], X. Xiong[3]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA
[2]Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA
[3]Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA

The dynamic behavior of droplet impingement on a solid surface is important to many engineering applications. This paper studied the dynamic behavior of a droplet impinging onto solid dry surfaces with different surface wettability using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The simulation results were validated against experimental results. It was found that the Level Set method can predict the ...

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