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A CFD Analysis of the Operating Conditions of a Multitube Pd Membrane for H2 Purification - new

B. Castro-Dominguez[1], R. Ma[1], A. G. Dixon[1], Y. H. Ma[1]
[1]Chemical Engineering Department, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

The optimization of operating conditions in multitube membrane modules is highly complex. The multiple physics and irregular geometries involved create a challenge for predicting their behavior. This work analyzes the performance of H2 purification through a module containing seven membranes. Using experimental parameters, a 3-D model was devised, specifying the membrane as a reacting boundary ...

Mathematical Modeling of Glucose Responsive Hydrogels

A. Pareek [1], T. Mathur [2], V. Runkana [1],
[1] Tata Research Development and Design Centre, Tata Consultancy Services, Pune, India
[2] Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India

Diabetes mellitus affects 387 million people across the world according to the latest estimates of International Diabetes Foundation. Insulin is one of the major drugs required to keep the glucose level within desired limits in a diabetic patient. Insulin is generally administered to a patient as a subcutaneous injection and consists of two forms namely, basal and bolus. The basal dosage is ...

Interface Phenomena for a Multifunctional Air-Water Micro-Particle Collecting and Filtering System

E. Lacatus [1], A. Tudor [1], G. C. Alecu [1],
[1] Polytechnic University of Bucharest, Romania

The confinement clean rooms used in industry are susceptible to higher count of particles per cubic meter of air after the usual work program. To decrease the economic and technological effects of particle concentration a micro-cleaning device was elaborated. A first approach of a 3D model of the device was produced and different issues were found. Using COMSOL Multiphysics software to identify ...

Implementation of a Porous Media Model for Simulating Pressure Development in Heated Concrete

B. Weber [1], D. Dauti [2], S. Dal Pont [2],
[1] Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Dübendorf, Switzerland
[2] Laboratoire 3SR, University Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France

When concrete is subjected to high temperature, capillary water evaporates and chemically bound water is released due to dehydration. This results in an increase of pore pressure, which is believed to be one of the mechanisms leading to spalling. Spalling of concrete is of high concern for the fire safety of concrete structures. We consider a model implemented in COMSOL® using the Weak Form ...

Sulfur Deactivation Effects on Catalytic Steam Reforming of Methane Produced by Biomass Gasification

P. Sadooghi[1], R. Rauch[1]
[1]Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria

Sulfur, which is incorporated in the biomass structure, is released into the product gas during gasification as hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is known to deactivate nickel based steam reforming catalysts by chemisorption on the metal surface during steam reforming process. Desulfurization has a negative effect on the process efficiency therefore steam reforming has to be run without ...

Heat Transfer in Adsorption Heat Exchangers between Pellets and Fins - new

E. Laurenz[1], G. Füldner[1], L. Schnabel[1]
[1]Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems (ISE), Freiburg, Germany

Adsorption heat exchangers (AdHXs) are important components in adsorption heat pumps and chillers, a primary energy efficient source of heating and cooling. Due to availability and established inexpensive manufacturing fin-and-tube type heat exchangers with beds of adsorption pellets in the finned space are widely used in state of the art products (Figure 1). For design and optimization the ...

Moisture Risks in Multi-layered Walls - Comparison of COMSOL Multiphysics® and WUFI®PLUS Models with Experimental Results

A. Ozolins[1], A. Jakovics[1]
[1]Laboratory for Mathematical Modelling of Technological and Environmental Processes, Riga, Latvia

Moisture can cause serious damages in different building components therefore the heat and moisture calculation in building constructions are important tasks. In the current paper, two different multi-layered walls, mainly consisted of wooden materials and mineral wool, are analyzed. Risks of mould growth under Latvian climate conditions are estimated using 3 different approaches: experimental ...

Modeling of Packed Bed Reactors: Hydrogen Production by the Steam Reforming of Methane and Glycerol - new

A. Dixon[1], B. MacDonald[1], A. Olm[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

The conventional route to hydrogen production is by steam reforming of methane (MSR) in a multitubular packed bed. With the increasing use of biodiesel as a renewable fuel, interest has grown in steam reforming of the excess glycerol produced as a side product (GSR). We use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to model a tubular packed bed reactor, solving a single pellet model at each point. The ...

Simulating Corrosion in a Crevice of Commercial Pure Titanium

G. Zhang [1, 2, 3],
[1] Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
[2] Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Clemson, SC, USA
[3] Institute for Biological Interfaces of Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA

Implant devices are assistive devices surgically placed in the human body to restore the functionality of organs and tissues. Metallic implants are often used for load bearing applications including the hip and knee joints. To allow maximum flexibility during surgery for surgeons to pick and choose different combinations of parts (say, head, neck and stem, in the case of total hip replacement), ...

Transport of Cadmium through Molten Salt to Argon Cover Gas in Electrorefiner

K.Revathy[1], S. Agarwal[1], B. Muralidharan[1], G. Padmakumar[1], K. K. Rajan[1]
[1]Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India

Electro refining is one of the important step in the Pyro processing nuclear spent fuel with molten salt. The electro refiner is a process vessel consists of anode ,cathodes and stirrers and ultra –high pure argon gas is provided at the top for inert atmosphere and at the bottom a cadmium layer is provided. The vapor pressure of the cadmium is high at the operating temperature, the cadmium vapor ...