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Numerical Simulation of Warm-Air Drying of Mexican Softwood (Pinus Pseudostrobus)

S. Sandoval Torres[1], E. Hernández-Bautista[1], J. Rodríguez-Ramírez[1], A. Carrillo Parra[2]
[1]Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIIDIR, Oaxaca, Mexico
[2]Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Linares, N.L. México

In this work, the numerical simulation of Mexican softwood (Pinus pesudostrobus) drying is presented by solving a physics-based model. The model was developed by considering the heat and mass transport and the representative elementary volume, which involves the solid, liquid and gas phases. We solved a system of partial differential equations by numerical factorization in COMSOL Multiphysics 3 ...

Investigation of the Effect of Spinal Defects on Spondylolysis and Stress Fracture of Vertebral Bodies

M.S. Yeoman[1], C. Quah[2], A. Cizinauskas[1], K. Cooper[1], D. McNally[5], B. Boszczyk[2]
[1]Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
[2]The Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
[5]Bioengineering Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Spondylolysis (SL) is a defect of the spinal vertebra, and is typically caused by stress fracture of the pars interarticularis bone of the vertebral arch. It is especially common in adolescents who over train in sporting activities. Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a malformation of the spine where the protruding vertebral bodies are not fully formed. In this study we demonstrate the predisposition ...

Stability Analysis of ALE-Methods for Advection-Diffusion Problems

A. Weddemann, and V. Thümmler
Bielefeld University, Germany

ALE-methods are frequently used to solve systems of partial differential equations (PDEs) on moving domains. The main idea of these methods is to incorporate the time evolution of the domain into the equations. However, the motion of the domain with respect to time induces convective fluxes in the resulting equations. These can lead to stability problems of the numerical method if they become ...

The Design of a Multilayer Planar Transformer for DC/DC Converter with a Resonant Inverter - new

M. Puskarczyk[1], R. Jez [1]
[1]ABB Corporate Research Center, Krakow, Poland

Multilayer planar transformers are widely implemented in power electronic applications. The design process of these elements is complicated due to the complexity of a magnetic circuit and high frequency interactions between windings. Additionally, an analytical approach to the analysis (based on mathematical formulas) can be uncertain. The applied FEM method of the analysis can be a solution to ...

Linking The Dimensions

A. Helfrich-Schkarbanenko[1], M. Mitschele[2], S. Ritterbusch[1], and V. Heuveline[1]
[1]Engineering Mathematics and Computing Lab (EMCL), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany
[2]Institute for Analysis, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany

We consider a 3D boundary value problem arising in electrostatics. The potential is stimulated by current sources placed on a cross-section S of the domain. In many applications it is sufficient to know the potential in S. So, one is interested in an appropriate 2D model taking into account that the solution depends on the dimension of the domain. The idea is to find a corresponding 2D ...

Semismooth Newton Method for Gradient Constrained Minimization Problem

S. Anyyeva, and K. Kunisch
Institute of Mathematics and Scientific Computing
Karl Franzens University
Graz, Austria

We treat a gradient constrained minimization problem which has applications in mechanics and superconductivity. A particular case of this problem is the elastoplastic torsion problem. In order to solve the problem we developed an algorithm in an infinite dimensional space framework using the concept of the generalized Newton derivative. The Desktop environment of COMSOL Multiphysics 4.1 was ...

Rapid Control Prototyping for the Production of Functionally Graded Materials with Tailored Microstructural Properties Utilizing Comsol Multiphysics

J. Clobes[1,2], H.-J. Watermeier[2], M. Alsmann[2], H. H. Becker[2], and K. Steinhoff[1]
[1]University of Kassel - Chair of Metal Forming Technology, Kassel, Germany
[2]Volkswagen AG, Kassel, Germany

Within the field of hot metal bulk forming the demand arises for fully three-dimensionally tailored properties at the microstructural level, nevertheless, reaching a predefined geometry with such tailored properties puts high requirements on the control mechanisms utilized in the process chain for combined heating, metal forming, and cooling processes. A simulation based rapid control ...

Residence Time Distribution for Tubular Reactors - new

L. R. de Souza Jr.[1], L. Lorenz[1]
[1]Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

In the core of Chemical Engineering is the reactor design that includes most of all scientific disciplines. The reactors, in general, are treated ideally. Unfortunately, it is observed in the real world a very different behavior from that expected. Thus, to characterize nonideal reactors is used, among others, residence time distribution function E(t). The aim of this present work is to ...

Virtual Experiments: Numerical Computations as a Powerful Tool for Engineers

P. Schmitz[1], A. Cockx[2], S. Geoffroy[3], and J. Gunther[1]
[1]Biochemical Engineering Dpt., Université de Toulouse, Toulouse, France
[2]Chemical Engineering Dpt., Université de Toulouse, Toulouse, France
[3]Mechanical Engineering Dpt., Université de Toulouse, Toulouse, France

An undergraduate course is developed to initiate future engineers to multiphysics numerical simulation by approaching concrete cases in various fields such as: heat transfers, fluid flow, mechanics, chemistry and electrostatics. The so called “Virtual Experiments” course consists of four projects given successively to students. Each project lasts about ten hours. The major notions related to ...

Material Characterization Method Development: From Education to Design Optimization

C. Morgan[1], N. Kenkare[1], M. Williams[2], A. Peterson[2], and D. Williams[2]
[1]Alcon Eye Care Division of Novartis R&D, Duluth, GA
[2]Alcon Eye Care Division of Novartis R&D and Georgia Institute of Technology Co-op Program, GA

Introduction of silicone hydrogel contact lens materials provided products of unprecedented capability to deliver oxygen to the eye during wear. One additional material characteristic of interest is the material’s permeability to ions. This paper discusses descriptive tools and optimization of an impedance method of characterizing ion permeability. A physical model of conductive paper with ...

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