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Chemical Leachate Simulation for Environmental Safety Evaluation in Civil Engineering Applications of Construction Byproducts

H. Ishimori
National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan

This presentation shows a numerical simulation model of the chemical leachate process from construction byproducts and the chemical transport process with geochemical reactions for their environmental safety evaluation.

Modeling the Heat Treatment of a Starch Suspension inside a Tubular Heat Exchanger

A. Plana-Fattori[1,2], E. Chantoiseau[1,2], C. Doursat[1,2], and D. Flick[1,2]
[1]AgroParisTech, Massy, France
[2]INRA, Massy, France

Many liquid food processes involve coupled phenomena of fluid flow, heat transfer and product transformation. A typical example is the heat treatment of a starch suspension inside a tubular heat exchanger. Fluid flow influences heat transfer which determines temperature evolution along fluid trajectories. Temperature locally influences the food product transformation. The latter influences ...

Transient Analysis of the Buoyance Driven Flow in a Passive Solar System of Indoor Heating

G. Petrone, G. Cammarata, and L. Cammarata
Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, University of Catania, Italy

This study aims to numerically investigate on a passive solar system for indoor heating called as \"Trombe wall\". The transient buoyancy driven flow characterizing that system and the thermal distribution are solved by numerically integrating the governing equations in COMSOL Multiphysics environment. Simulations are carried-out for a time range corresponding to 12 days. The results are ...

Electromagnet Shape Optimization using Improved Discrete Particle Swarm Optimization (IDPSO)

R. S. Wadhwa[1], T. Lien[1], and G. Monkman[2]
[1]NTNU Valgrinda, Inst. for produksjons- og kvalitetstek., Trondheim, Norway
[2]FH Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

The magnetic field gradient produced by an electromagnet gripper head depends on its design. Stochastic Methods offer certain robustness to the design optimization process. In this paper, Improved Discrete Particle Swarm Optimization (IDPSO) searching technique is applied to the shape and magnetic field gradient optimization of an electromagnet head. The magnetic field and forces are ...

Efficiency of Evacuated Tubular Solar Thermal Collector

J. Ma and X. Wei
Southeastern Louisiana University
Hammond, LA

Using COMSOL® 3.5a, models were created to simulate the heat transfer between the working fluid and the selective coating as well as the natural convection of the working fluid itself. In these models, a constant heat input on half of the selective coating facing the sun was considered as energy input from the sun, and the open end of the tube, where the working fluid can flow in and out of the ...

FSI for Coolant Flow in Research-type Nuclear Reactors

F. Curtis[1], K. Ekici[1], and J. Freels[2]
[1]University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN
[2]Oak Ridge National Lab, Oak Ridge, TN

The High Flux Isotope Reactor, located at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, is scheduled to undergo a conversion of the fuel used and this proposed change requires an extensive analysis of the flow through the reactor core. The core consists of approximately 500 very thin and long fuel plates through which the coolant (water) flows at a very high rate. Therefore, the design and the flow ...

Making Cartograms and Using them for Data Acquisition

P. Mercure[1], and R. Haley[2]
[1]The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI
[2]ATM Research, Midland, MI

We demonstrate cartogram construction, where a geographical map is distorted to represent some measure, for example population, while trying to keep the shape of regions recognizable. We then apply this cartogram construction technique to optimize thermocouple locations. A heat generation and conduction model is used initialize the cartogram construction algorithm. A uniform distribution of ...

Modeling of Non-Equilibrium Effects in the Gravity Driven Countercurrent Imbibition

M. Chahardowli[1], R. Farajzadeh[1], J. Bruining[1]
[1]Department of Geotechnology, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

One of the main mechanisms in the secondary oil migration from the source rock into oil traps is gravity driven countercurrent imbibition. Many mathematical models describe countercurrent imbibition considering local equilibrium. However, Barenblatt proposed a model to describe the effect of non-equilibrium in oil water displacement. Here, the proposed model was implemented in a gravity driven ...

Passive Cooling of Power Electronics: Heat in the Box

M. Berger[1], W. Schernus[1]
[1]West Coast University of Applied Sciences, Heide, Germany

Results presented are a contribution to the design of a 5kW-DC-AC-converter for applications in forklifts. The device is located in a closed environment and entirely operated with passive cooling. Due to concurrent engineering approach and environmental conditions correct prediction of absolute temperature values by simulation was crucial. Heat sinks have been modeled properly and a thermal ...

Simulation of Differential Ion Mobility (DMS) Principle Coupled with Mass Spectrometry in Atmospheric Pressure

F. Sinatra[1], T. Wu[2], A. Avila[2], E. Nazarov[1], T. Evans-Nguyen[1], J. Wang[2]
[1]Draper Laboratory, Tampa, FL, USA
[2]University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA

Mass spectrometry is an analytical technique widely used in the scientific community to determine chemical composition of sample compounds. Typically, mass spectrometers perform their analysis under vacuum conditions, though atmospheric pressure mass spectrometers are becoming more prevalent. With the development of atmospheric pressure mass spectrometers, techniques such as FAIMS (Field ...