H. Ishimori, and K. Endo
National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
To consider effective counter measures against ground water contaminated with dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs) such as chlorinated solvents, it is first important to understand the mechanism of their migration in heterogeneous aquifer. In addition, numerical analysis models to simulate such a complex migration in heterogeneous aquifer are required. The displacement pressure, which ...
C. Wang, Y. Song, Y. Parikh, and J.H. Yang
Department of Mechanical & Materials Science Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA
Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) are miniature implantable power sources, which use enzymes as catalysts to perform redox reaction with biological fuels such as glucose. In this study, we focused on a three dimensional EBFC chip with highly dense micro-electrode arrays, fabricated by carbon-micro-electro-mechanical-system (C-MEMS) techniques. Glucose oxidase (GOx) is immobilized on anodes for the ...
Numerical and Experimental Study of Flow, Heat Transfer and Concentration in a Scaled-up Fuel Cell Anode Channel Model
J. C. Torchia-Nüñez, and J.G. Cervantes-de-Gortari
Department of Thermal Engineering, National University of Mexico, UNAM, Mexico City, Mexico
Flow, concentration and temperature fields are studied with numerical and experimental methods inside a scaled-up fuel cell anode channel model. The low aspect ratio channel has a porous medium as the inferior wall where a mixing of different pH solutions occurs. Chromatic change of phenolphthalein is used to visualize concentration field and Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) is used to visualize ...
S. Palaich, and B. Daly
Physics and Astronomy Department, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY, USA
When the dimensions of the material approach is a comparable size to the phonon mean free path, heat flow enters a new regime, the nanoscale. The Fourier and Cattaneo Equations describe bulk heat flow well, but radiative boundary terms must be considered when modeling nanoscale heat flow. We take these equations and input them into COMSOL with the hope of eventually linking nanoscale and bulk ...
Dependence of Potential and Ion Distribution on Electrokinetic Radius in Infinite and Finite-length Nano-channels
J. Schiffbauer, J. Fernandez, W. Booth, K. Kelly, A. Timperman, and B. Edwards
Physics Dept. West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
Chemical Engineering Dept,West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
Dept. of Chemistry, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
A site-binding/dissociation model is used to determine surface charge in numerical studies of the equilibrium potential and ion distributions inside infinite and finite-length nano-channels. This COMSOL model allows us to investigate the response of surface (zeta) potential to environmental parameters such as reservoir salt concentration, solution pH and wall separation. The resulting ion and ...
Dipartimento di Energetica “Sergio Stecco”, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
This paper presents and discusses the first phase results of a wide ranging project concerning the study and prediction of the efficiency and energy performances of natural ventilation systems existing inside historic buildings. The air flow patterns, air temperature and air velocity distribution inside a historic building in Florence, the Pitti Palace, were studied by a transient simulation. A ...
F. Sheer, and S. Ghadiali [1,2]
Mechanical Engineering Department, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA, USA
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
The Eustachian Tube (ET) is a collapsible tube that connects the middle ear to the nasopharynx. Dysfunction in the ET leads to a disease called Otitis Media. Our goal is to develop and use fluid-structure interaction (FSI) models of ET opening phenomena to better understand what factors contribute to ET dysfunction in certain patients. We model the ET in COMSOL using geometric data obtained ...
M. Suárez , and F. Samaniego 
Faculty of Sciences, Michoacán University (UMSNH), Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico
Faculty of Engineering Postgrade Studies Division, National University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico
New geothermal energy sources hold promise for the future. Deep submarine geothermal energy related to hydrothermal vents is emerging in many places along the oceanic spreading centers. Shallow submarine geothermal systems are found near to continental platforms. We present the initial development of mathematical models to simulate the energy transport in submarine systems. A model for the ...
R. Gamache, and D. Spinelli
TransTech Systems, Inc., Schenectady, NY, USA
Tunnels and their detection have been a problem in warfare since the ancient world. Recent events have highlighted the ongoing problems of tunnels and the difficulties in locating them, not only in military situations, but also in law enforcement and homeland security applications as well. Electromagnetic and acoustic or seismic techniques may provide the significant advantage of a mobile non ...
Design and Characterization of a Small Volume Reactor for the High Pressure Invacuo Study of Catalytic Surface Reactions
C. Clark[1,2], J. Fulton, T. Adams, E. Podgornov, and F. Zaera
Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA
Naval Surface Warfare Center, Corona, CA, USA
Naval Surface Warfare Center, Crane, IN, USA
Department of Chemistry, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA
The design and construction of ultra-high vacuum (UHV) systems for the study of surface reactions has lead to high impact innovation in a myriad of industries. A small volume reactor compatible with ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) surface-science instrumentation has been designed, modeled and tested for the study of the kinetics of surface chemical reactions on single crystals. CO oxidation experiments ...