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Natural Convection Effects on the Solidification in Cylinders at Different Filling Percentages

R. Bourisli [1], A. Alshayji [1],
[1] Kuwait University, Kuwait City, Kuwait

The solidification of a fluid in a partially-filled circular cylinder is encountered in a number of industrial processes and in the oil and gas sector. The characteristics of the process depends on various fluid and geometrical parameters. In the current study, a fluid with temperature-dependent density in a partially-filled circular cylinder solidifies because of a sudden drop in pipe surface ...

Image Based Mesh Generation for Realistic Simulation of the Transcranial Current Stimulation

R. Said[1], R. Cotton[1], P. Young[1], A. Datta[2] , M. Elwassif[2], and M. Bikson[2]
[1]Simpleware Ltd, Exeter, UK
[2]Department of Biomedical Eng, The City College of New York, USA

Electrical stimulation of the brain involves the application of currents delivered through scalp electrodes to modulate brain activity, known as Transcranial Current Stimulation (TCS). A critical factor for TCS efficacy and safety is the “spatial focality” of induced neuronal modulation. Bikson and coauthors from the City College of New York have been investigating the impact of disc ...

Finite Element Analysis of Molecular Rydberg States

M.G. Levy[1], X. Liang[1], R.M. Stratt[1], and P.M. Weber[1]

[1]Department of Chemistry, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA

Identifying molecules requires associating molecular structures with their electronic energy levels. In this paper we introduce a novel technique for the calculation of molecular Rydberg levels. The technique allows for easy visualization of the associated wavefuntions to make unambiguous assignments. The value calculated for the 3p state of trimethylamine is most closely in agreement with ...

Collection efficiency of particles on a ribbon in a turbulent air flow

R. Divigalpitiya[1]
[1]3M Canada Company, London, Ontario, Canada

The collection efficiency of aerosol particles on a ribbon in a turbulent flow is analyzed using COMSOL Multiphysics. The flow field is solved using Chemical Engineering module and particle tracing plots are obtained using equations of motion including Khan and Richardson drag force. A MATLAB script is used to count the captured particles on the ribbon and determine the capture efficiency with ...

Analysis of the Acoustic Response of a Railroad Bridge

K. Koppenhoefer[1], S.Yushanov[1], and M.H. McKenna[2]

[1]AltaSim Technologies, LLC, Columbus, Ohio, USA
[2]U.S. Army Engineering Research and Development Center

Aging infrastructure requires frequent inspections to assess their structural integrity. However, the large amount of existing infrastructure, and the distance between these structures present significant challenges to inspectors. Acoustics-based technologies represent a simple, and relatively inexpensive, technique to monitor the integrity of a structure. To develop these techniques, designers ...

2D Extraction of Open-Circuit Impedances of Three-Phase Transformers

R. Escarela-Perez[1], E.A. Gutierrez-Rodriguez[2], J.C. Olivares-Galvan[1], M.S. Esparza-González, and E. Campero-Littlewood[1]

[1]Departamento de Energia, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana - Azcapotzalco, Mexico D.F., Mexico
[2]Instituto Tecnologico de Aguscalientes, Aguascalientes, Mexico

This work is concerned with the study of the asymmetrical phenomenon observed in three-phase transformers during the standard short-circuit test. The purpose of our work is to see if the asymmetric measurements can be predicted with the use of 2D finite-element models. To this end, we use the AC/DC Module of COMSOL Multiphysics. A multi-port network impedance is then determined to explain the ...

Error Analysis in Estimating Temperature-Dependent Thermal Diffusivity and Kinetic Parameters using Heat Penetration Data

K.D. Dolan[1,2], A.R. Sommerlot[1], and D.K. Mishra[1]
[1]Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
[2]Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA

Growing consumer demand for nutraceuticals has stimulated interest by food companies to increase levels of these health-promoting compounds. Thermal processing of canned foods in a retort produces a unique problem: some of the nutraceuticals are highly sensitive to temperature, and require accurate parameter estimates to predict their fate during processing. Error in temperature measurement due ...

Simulation of Incompressible Flow through Rhombohedric Pores

R. Viola[1][3], F. Zama[2], M.Tuller[3], and E. Mesini[1]

[1]DICMA, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
[2]Dep. of Mathematics, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
[3]Dep. of Soil, Water, and Environmental Science, University of Arizona, Arizona, USA

Advances in visualization and discretization of pore structures by means of Computed Tomography, and rapidly increasing computational capabilities, allow numerical modeling of pore-scale fluid flow based on the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations rather than using a macroscopic approach based on Darcy’s law. To test the capabilities of the COMSOL Multiphysics modeling platform, we ...

Finite Element Model of a Complex Glass Forming Process as a Tool for Control Optimization

F. Sawo[1] and T. Bernard[1]
[1]Fraunhofer Institute for Information and Data Processing IITB, Karlsruhe, Germany

This paper addresses the modeling of a complex glass forming process as an example of a complex, nonlinear distributed parameter system. The system is modeled by a fluid dynamics approach, which means that the forming is regarded as a fluid with free surfaces. Here, the coupling of the forming process with the heat flow is considered. The influence of crucial model parameters (e.g., dynamic ...

Simulation of Convection in Water Phantom Induced by Periodic Radiation Heating

H.H. Chen-Mayer[1], and R. Tosh[1]
[1]Ionizing Radiation Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA

Water calorimetry is employed to establish a primary reference standard for radiation dosimetry by measuring the temperature rises in a water phantom (a cube of about 30 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm) subjected to a beam of ionizing radiation.  We use COMSOL Multiphysics to model the system using the Heat Transfer module and the Incompressible Navier-Stokes module with a geometry of 2D-axial ...