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Numerical Simulation of Evaporation Processes in Electron Beam Welding - new

E. Salomatova[1], D. Trushnikov[1], V. Belenkiy[1], V. Tsaplin[1]
[1]Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Perm, Russia

In this paper describes an original method for indirect measurement of the vapor pressure and temperature in the keyhole in electron beam welding. This method is based on the determination of the concentration of chemical elements in the vapor above the welding zone. Taking into account these data model is built 2D diffusion processes with heat and mass transfer elements in the melt, which ...

Thin Membrane Modelling for the Electrical Stimulation of Auditory Nerve

A. Grünbaum[1], S. Petersen[1], H.W. Pau[2], and U. van Rienen[1]

[1]IEF funded by DFG Research Training Group 1505/1 Welisa, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
[2]Otolaryngology “Otto Körner”, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany

Modeling of 2-5 μm thin membranes into a cochlea with a width of 2 cm is computationally. The paper is focused on two approximative methods used to overcome this problem and in addition a simple model challenging of a plate capacitor with a thin membrane of different thickness in-between is presented. The results of simulations with both thin layer approximation methods are compared with ...

Effect of S-p Relation Model on DNAPL Migration Simulation Result

H. Ishimori[1], and K. Endo[1]
[1]National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan

To consider effective counter measures against ground water contaminated with dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs) such as chlorinated solvents, it is first important to understand the mechanism of their migration in heterogeneous aquifer. In addition, numerical analysis models to simulate such a complex migration in heterogeneous aquifer are required. The displacement pressure, which ...

Magnetoacoustic Tomography and COMSOL Multiphysics

W. He
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Electrical Engineering, Beijing, China

Magnetoacoustic tomography with magnetic induction (MAT-MI) is a recently introduced method for imaging electrical impedance properties, which integrates classic electrical impedance tomography and ultrasonic technique. It could provide an explicitly reconstructed electrical impedance distribution with high spatial resolution and contrast, eliminating the shielding effects of insulating tissues. ...

Control Synthesis for Distributed Parameter Systems Modeled by FEM in COMSOL Multiphysics

C. Belavý, G. Hulkó, P. Buček, and S. Lel'o
Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia

Technological processes in the engineering practice from point of view of systems and control theory are frequently in the form of distributed parameter systems (DPS). Techniques of FEM based modeling and design of control synthesis methods of DPS which is acceptable for various technological processes, will be demonstrated on modeling and control of temperature fields of the glass melting ...

Erosion Of Buffer Caused By Groundwater Leakages Based On ESM-Application

O. Punkkinen[1], A. Jorma[1], K. Kari[2], and M. Olin[3]
[1]B+Tech, Helsinki, Finland
[2]Posiva, Eurajoki, Finland
[3]VTT, Espoo, Finland

In this work the issue of saturation phase erosion caused by groundwater leakages was approached both experimentally and computationally by employing COMSOL\'s Earth Science Module. We evaluated the total mass of eroded bentonite out of a cylindrical erosion channel both numerically and experimentally, and studied its dependence on time. It was observed that logarithmic eroded mass loss as a ...

Numerical Modelling of Compact High Temperature Heat Exchanger

O. Smirnova, T. Fend, and D. Schöllgen
Institut of Solar Research in German Aerospace Agency
Cologne, Germany

For the numeric investigations of the high temperature compact heat exchanger two numeric models with and without the regards of the velocity field development were used. The results of the comparison of the numeric and experimental data confirm the necessity of regarding the velocity field development for the compact heat exchangers. The two-dimensional simulation task with the regard of the ...

Modelling and Simulation of Simultaneous Intrinsic Kinetics, Hydrogen Transport and Heat Transfer in Complex Hydride Hydrogen Storage Systems

G. A. Lozano, J. M. Bellosta von Colbe, T. Klassen, and M. Dornheim
Institute of Materials Research
Materials Technology
Helmholzt-Zentrum Geesthacht
Geesthacht, Germany

In proper designs of hydrogen storage systems based on metal hydrides three processes are modelled and simulated: hydrogen flow (through the metal hydride bed), solid-state chemical transformation, and heat transfer (due to the highly exothermic chemical transformation). In this work, modelling and simulation of the hydrogenation in complex hydride tanks is performed using COMSOL, case study is ...

Finite Element Approach for the Analysis of the Fuel Cell Internal Stress Distribution

E. Firat, P. Beckhaus, and A. Heinzel
Zentrum für BrennstoffzellenTechnik (ZBT)
Duisburg, Germany

A fuel cell stack is a setup of a number of single fuel cells which have to be mechanically compressed each other to ensure good electrical conductivities and tightness against leakage of supplying gases (e.g. hydrogen) and cooling media. In this study a 3D FEM model is developed with COMSOL Multiphysics® to analyze the mechanical design of a fuel cell stack. The material properties of the ...

Optical Manipulation of Microscopic Objects

R. Ozawa
Yokohama University
Japan

In recent years, optical manipulation using optical radiation pressure has been widely studied. In this study, the radiation pressure exerted on various kinds of microscopic objects with different laser beams was evaluated by COMSOL Multiphysics software. By changing beam shapes, microscopic objects can be trapped and rotated. This paper is in Japanese.

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