Modeling Materials through a Phase Transition: Using COMSOL Multiphysics and Applying Physics First Principles Techniques
R. W. Pryor
Pryor Knowledge Systems, Inc., Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA
This paper presents a new phase transition model that is easily created and runs rapidly. It is designed so that the modeler can determine immediately the relative accuracy of the end result by use of the first principles of physics.Phase transitions are readily observable in many commonly utilized engineering materials. In fact, most modern devices and/or tools employ a phase transition in their ...
G. Coppola, and K. Liu
Lakehead University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Richmond, Hill, Ontario, Canada
The objective of this paper is to study the effects of compliance mismatch in a stented artery. COMSOL Multiphysics is used to tackle this challenging problem involving fluid-structure interaction. The particular effects studied in this paper are the radial displacement of the artery wall, pressure distribution along the studied segment, the factors affecting stress in the fluid and artery wall, ...
A. Avanzini, and G. Donzella
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy
The mitral valve apparatus is a complex and refined mechanism located between the left atrium and the left ventricle of the heart which can manifest various kinds of pathologies. In order to support identification of potentially critical conditions resulting from some typical cardiosurgery operations, it is important to develop models of the mitral valve that enable prediction of both stress in ...
SRI International, Menlo Park, CA, USA
Iouri Balachov is a Senior Scientist at SRI International (Menlo Park, CA) where he is leading development of Direct Carbon Fuel Cell technology for clean and efficient power generation from coal, biomass, and a wide variety of carbon containing fuels. Prior to SRI he was an engineer at Westinghouse nuclear (Pittsburgh, PA), researcher at Penn State University (State College, PA), and researcher ...
D. Wenger, W. Polifke, and E. Schmidt-Ihn
Wenger Engineering GmbH, Ulm, Germany
Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany
Daimler AG, Kirchheim/Teck, Germany
Metal hydrides are a widely-used method for storing and releasing hydrogen chemically under moderate conditions. This paper will present how highly dynamic metal hydride storage has been simulated and optimized using COMSOL Multiphysics. It will be shown how mass, energy and momentum balances were implemented and what boundary conditions were set to resolve various scenarios. The result of the ...
Computational Analysis of the Mechanical and Thermal Stresses in a Thin Film PProDOT-Based Redox Capacitor
J. Sotero-Esteva, M. Rosario-Canales, P. Gopu, and J. Santiago-Avilés
Department of Mathematics, University of Puerto Rico at Humacao, Humacao, PR
Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Department of Electrical and Systems Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Among the several types of capacitors, the double-layer and redox types have gathered increasing attention to address some of the heavy power demands of modern technology. In redox capacitors, charge is stored chemically via oxidation/reduction processes in the active materials like electroactive polymers (EAPs) or metal oxides. This work investigates the stresses and heat flux of the electrode ...
P. Devillers, S.V. Aher, G. Fau, B. Tranain, and C. Buisson
Centre des Matériaux de Grande Diffusion, Ecole des Mines d’Alès, France
Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Centre Scientifique et Technique du Bâtiment, Champs sur Marne, France
A three dimensional COMSOL Multiphysics, transient analysis, diffusion model has been adopted to model the transfers of water in the industrial concrete floors. To take into account the different initial saturation levels at the different levels of the slab, the model is divided into three subdomains. The rise of the waterfront is also simulated and the air overpressure thereby developed at the ...
R. Sadleir, A. Minhas, and E.J. Woo
University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
In an earlier work we developed a finite element bidomain model of an aplysia abdominal ganglion in order to estimate the sensitivity of this contrast mechanism to changes in cell membrane conductance occurring during a gill-withdrawal reflex. We used our model to determine both current density and magnetic potential distributions within a sample chamber containing an isolated ganglion when it ...
J.L. Smart, and M. Kaliszan
University of Kentucky, Paducah, KY, USA
Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
COMSOL Multiphysics® 4.0 was used to study conductive and convective heat transfer from the human eyeball to the surrounding air. Postmortem temperature decay curves were collected in eyeballs of numerous human corpses. Of course, these curves represent only a portion of the complete temperature decay curve, since the pathologist is able to start collecting temperature data only after some ...
B. Balannec[1,2], T. Renouard[1,2], and F.Cortès-Juan
Université de Rennes 1-ENSCR-CNRS, France
Université européenne de Bretagne, France
Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Spain
Feasibility studies in the field of membrane processes are generally first carried out with bench-scale membrane filtration cells. These small laboratory cells also allow evaluating the influence of operational parameters and the membrane performances. Smart design of the cell geometry may improve the flow distribution and consequently the membrane filtration performances by increasing shear ...