A. Mohammed, and A. Jeremic
McMaster University, Hamilton, L8S4K1, Canada
Signal processing algorithms for chemical sensing/monitoring have been subject of considerable research interest in the recent years mainly due to their diverse applicability. When the concentration of chemical agent is small, the dispersion of particles is governed by stochastic differential equations describing more complex motion mechanisms such as Brownian motion. In this paper we propose ...
Computational Analysis of the Mechanical and Thermal Stresses in a Thin Film PProDOT-Based Redox Capacitor
J. Sotero-Esteva, M. Rosario-Canales, P. Gopu, and J. Santiago-Avilés
Department of Mathematics, University of Puerto Rico at Humacao, Humacao, PR
Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Department of Electrical and Systems Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Among the several types of capacitors, the double-layer and redox types have gathered increasing attention to address some of the heavy power demands of modern technology. In redox capacitors, charge is stored chemically via oxidation/reduction processes in the active materials like electroactive polymers (EAPs) or metal oxides. This work investigates the stresses and heat flux of the electrode ...
Temperature Excursions at the Pulp-Dentin Junction during the Curing of Light-Activated Dental Restorations
M. Jakubinek[1,2], C. Neill, C. Felix, R. Price[2,3], M. White[1,2]
Departments of Chemistry and Physics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Institute for Research in Materials, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Department of Dental Clinical Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Heat produced during the curing of light-activated dental restorations could damage the dental pulp. Given the prevalence of composite restorations and the importance of avoiding injury to the pulp, efforts should be made to minimize the temperature increase that occurs at the pulp-dentin junction during light-curing. In this investigation we develop and evaluate a COMSOL Multiphysics FEM tooth ...
J. Perko, D. Mallants, E. Vermariën, and W. Cool
Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK-CEN), Mol, Belgium
Belgian Agency for Radioactive Waste and Enriched Fissile Material (ONDRAF/NIRAS), Mol, Belgium
Mass transport modelling through porous media is typically characterized by complex physics and geometry. In the particular case of radionuclide transport, modelling for radioactive waste repositories, an additional level of complexity, and thus uncertainty, originates from the long time frames involved. Performing a safety analysis of a radioactive waste disposal system requires therefore ...
E. Houdu, O. Poupard, and V. Meyer
OXAND S.A., France
CO2 capture and storage constitutes a promising solution to control and reduce these emissions. Wellbore integrity is a key challenge to ensure long term safety and for public acceptance. For this objective, a two-phase flow model in porous media based on Darcy’s law has been proposed to simulate the CO2 leakage within the well at a rat hole area. The numerical simulations have highlighted ...
A. Nyman, M. Behm, and G. Lindbergh
Applied Electrochemistry, School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm, Sweden
Modeling of mass transport is an important step in evaluating lithium-ion battery electrolytes and understanding cell performance. For high-power applications, concentration gradients in the electrolyte lead to limiting currents, which limit the power-density of the battery. The model has been used for determining a complete set of transport and thermodynamic properties for LiPF6 dissolved in an ...
T. Wagner, and U. Peil
International Graduate School of Risk Management of Natural and Civilization Hazards on Buildings and Infrastructure, Braunschweig, Germany
Institute of Steel Structures, Technical University Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany
Hazardous for the transmission lines is not only the static ice load, but also the aerodynamic instability of iced cables. It can lead to large amplitude oscillations at low frequencies. Also, twisting due to asymmetrical iced cables may increase the fatigue rate. In extreme events, atmospheric icing can cause severe damage on towers and power lines, resulting in extensive electricity ...
Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
RFSP-IST (Reactor Fueling Simulation Program) is a computer code used for the full-core neutronics design and analysis of CANDU® reactors. RFSP-IST calculates the static flux and power distributions in the core by solving the neutron diffusion equation in two energy groups. For validation purposes, results from RFSP-IST are often compared with those from other codes. This paper documents the ...
Two-dimensional Analysis of Triple Coupled Physics of Structural Mechanics, Diffusion and Heat Transfer in a Gas Pipe
P. Lee-Sullivan, and M. Haghighi-Yazdi
Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
In this study, a 2-D model has been built using COMSOL Multiphysics® to analyze a triple coupled physics problem involving simultaneous gas diffusion, heat transfer, and structural mechanics in a pipe due to the flow of high-pressure carbon dioxide. The problem geometry and boundary conditions were based on the analysis by Rambert et al. who have published the most advanced modeling work in ...
Kurt Lund Consulting, Del Mar, California, USA
A kernel of grain is modeled as an isothermal sphere, with descriptive differential equations scaled or rendered into non-dimensional form, where moisture transfer is governed by internal diffusivity, not by surface conditions. The time dependent problem is solved with COMSOL and the average non-dimensional moisture content and its time-rate of change are obtained; by regression, these numerical ...