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Design and Simulation of Electroactive Polymer-Based Artificial Muscles for Biomedical Application

A. S. Tripathi [1], B. P. Chatterjee [2], S. Das [3],
[1] Advanced Technology Development Centre, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, India
[2] Dept. of Cardiology, Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, India
[3] School of Medical Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, India

Electro-active polymer (EAP) based actuators are one of the suitable contenders for use in artificial muscles based bio-medical application because of their bio compatibility and lower active actuation voltage requirement phenomenon. At present Ionic polymer metal composites (IPMC), a type of EAP based actuator are being developed for various applications. IPMC actuator generally consist ...

Design of a MEMS Bolometer with Absorptive Element as Piezo-Protein

H. Sinha [1], A. Mukherjee[1], N. Chattoraj[1],
[1]Birla Institute of Technology Mesra, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India

Bolometer is a thermal infrared sensor used for measuring the intensity of radiation via the heating of a material due to the radiations. A bolometer consists of an absorptive element, a thin layered material, connected to a thermal reservoir. The result is that any radiation received on the absorptive element raises its temperature above that of the reservoir: the greater the absorbed ...

Optimal Thermal Design of Converged-Diverged Microchannel Heat Sinks for High Heat Flux Applications

D. Chakravarthii [1], S. Subramani [1], M. Devarajan [1],
[1] Univeristy of Science Malaysia (USM), Georgetown, Penang, Malaysia

With the advancements in aerospace technology, micro-electromechanical systems, hybrid data centres and microfluidics, the miniature size electronic chips in such applications are need of the century. The major challenge in microelectronic chips is to eliminate the generated heat for stable and reliable operation of devices. Microchannel heat sinks are efficient method to dissipate heat when the ...

Direction of Arrival (DoA) Performance of Several Acoustic Vector-Sensor Configurations in the Reverberant Environment

M. Wajid [1], A. Kumar [1], R. Bahl [1],
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Delhi, India.

Several acoustic vector-sensor (AVS) configurations have been tested for direction of arrival (DoA) estimation in a diffused reverberant environment using pressure gradient method. The discrete pressure sensors have been arranged with different geometrical placement and pressure gradients have been estimated for finding DoA of an acoustic source. The received signals at the pressure sensor for ...

Microwave Interstitial Tumor Ablation: New Modality for Treatment of Liver Cancer

S. Maini[1] , A. Marwaha[1] , and S. Marwaha[1]

[1] Department of Electrical & Instrumentation Engineering, SLIET , Longowal (Deemed University), Punjab

Hyperthermia is newly back in the interest of both, clinical and research oncologists, because of its properties to directly produce permanent damages of the treated tumors and to elicit important immunological responses against cancer cells by changing their immunogenicity.  Microwave ablation is used in the treatment of primary and secondary tumors of the liver.  Microwave antennas ...

Finite Element Model of a Complex Glass Forming Process as a Tool for Control Optimization

F. Sawo[1] and T. Bernard[1]
[1]Fraunhofer Institute for Information and Data Processing IITB, Karlsruhe, Germany

This paper addresses the modeling of a complex glass forming process as an example of a complex, nonlinear distributed parameter system. The system is modeled by a fluid dynamics approach, which means that the forming is regarded as a fluid with free surfaces. Here, the coupling of the forming process with the heat flow is considered. The influence of crucial model parameters (e.g., dynamic ...

Bio-Effluents Tracing in Ventilated Aircraft Cabins

G. Petrone[1], L. Cammarata[1], and G. Cammarata[1]
[1]Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, University of Catania, Catania, Italy

Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) are issues of very high interest, determining comfortable conditions for occupants and no-contaminated local atmosphere. The aircraft cabins are more confined and have a higher occupant density than other indoor environments such as offices or residential houses. The passengers and the crew share a closed and ventilated cabin, which brings potential risk ...

Negative Ion Beams and Secondary Beams

M. Cavenago[1], P. Veltri[2], E. Gazza[2], G. Serianni[2], and P. Agostinetti[2]
[1]INFN-LNL, Legnaro, Padova, Italy
[2]Consorzio RFX, Padova, Italy

The development of powerful negative ion sources requires precise and versatile simulation tools to predict the emittance of the extracted ion beams and the heat load on the electrodes. A first tool is a determination of the plasma beam interface which is accomplished by a set of macro based in the COMSOL Multiphysics environment. Notwithstanding the strong nonlinearities involved, a proper ...

A Study of Curved Flexures for MEMS

Minhee Jun[1], and Jason V. Clark[1]
[1]Departments of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA

Large deflection actuators are becoming increasingly important for microsystems. Since actuation forces are usually small, large deflection actuators usually require flexures with low stiffness. Rectangular serpentine flexures are often used for such actuators due to their low stiffness and large linear deflection range. In this paper we investigate the performance of curved serpentine flexures ...

Effects of the Film Thickness on the Transient Conjugate Opticalthermal Fields in Thin Films Irradiated by Moving Sources in Back and Front Treatments

N. Bianco[1], O. Manca[2], S.Nardini[2], and D. Ricci[2]

[1]DETEC, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
[2]DIAM, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Aversa, CE, Italy

A two dimensional transient analysis of the conjugate optical-thermal fields induced in a multilayer thin film structure by a moving Gaussian laser source is carried out numerically in order to compare back and front laser treatment processes. Thermal and optical nonlinearity is induced during transient heating, since the response of weakly absorbing thin films depends on temperature. The heat ...