The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is widely used in various fields including the fabrication of electronic devices due to its uniform film formation capability on the large-scale wafers and the minute 3D structures. In CVD, precursors (metal compounds) are commonly reacted in gas-phase as well as on the substrate to yield a film, and thereby it is rather difficult to reveal the reaction mechanism ...
Interaction between Light Wave and Asymmetric Metal/Insulator/Metal (MM) Structure Coupled with Subwavelength Holes at Optical Fiber Apex
Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan
Electromagnetic simulation of light wave interaction at around a tip of single mode optical fiber, which is formed of circular truncated cone shape, has been studied numerically by COMSOL Multiphysics and the RF Module (and Wave Optics Module). The fiber tip has specific nanostructure of asymmetric metal/insulator/metal (MIM) layers coupled with subwavelength holes. Behavior of surface plasmon ...
R. Penjweini, M. M. Kim, T. C. Zhu
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Introduction: Singlet oxygen (¹O₂) has a critical role in the cell-killing mechanism of photodynamic therapy (PDT). Therefore, in this study, the distance-dependent reacted ¹O₂ is numerically calculated using finite-element method (FEM). Herein, we use a model [Ref. 1] that has been previously developed to incorporate the diffusion equation for the light transport in tissue and the ...
M. Bortoloni, M. Bottarelli, Y. Su
Department of Engineering, University of Ferrara, Este, Italy
Department of Architecture, University of Ferrara, Este, Italy
Faculty of Engineering, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
In ground-coupled heat pumps (GCHPs) the coupling between heat pumps and ground occurs by means of ground heat exchangers, that can be installed vertically inside boreholes (BHEs) or horizontally (HGHEs). In the horizontal installation, the heat exchangers are placed in shallow trenches dug few meters deep in soil. Unlike BHEs which benefit from the relatively stable temperature of deep soil, ...
V. Vijayalakshmi, K. C. Devi
PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
In this work, a bimetallic strip based thermal sensor was designed using MEMS module of COMSOL Multiphysics® software to monitor the temperature rise in insulating oil which was used as coolant in transformers. The bimetallic strip was designed with different shapes such as cylindrical, rectangle, square & conical and different compositions such as Al/Steel Alloy and Fe/Cu which can withstand ...
K. K. Sriperumbudur, P. J. Koester, M. Stubbe, C. Tautorat, J. Held, W. Baumann, and J. Gimsa
 University of Rostock, Chair of Biophysics, Gertrudenstr. 11a, 18057 Rostock, Germany
 Microsystem Material Laboratory, Department of Microsystems Engineering (IMTEK), University of Freiburg, Germany
In spite of its low throughput, Patch-Clamp is the established method for intracellular measurements of the transmembrane potential. To address this problem, we have developed new biosensor-chips with micro-structured needle electrodes (MNEs). MNE-penetration of single cells growing on the MNE-tips leads to a situation comparable to the whole-cell mode in classical Patch Clamp. MNE-penetration ...
Y. Huang, and A. Mason
Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
This paper describes the modeling of an electrochemical biosensor embedded in a microfluidic channel to determine the concentration of a target biomolecule. The total amount of analyte in the sample can be calculated by integrating the analyte concentration over the duration of the peak current. The biosensor is constructed by immobilizing redox-enzyme on an interdigitated array (IDA) electrode ...
G. Demésy, F. Zolla, A. Nicolet, and M. Commandré
Institut Fresnel, Université Aix-Marseille III, École Centrale de Marseille, France
We demonstrate the accuracy of the Finite Element Method (FEM) to characterize an arbitrarily shaped crossed-grating in a multilayered stack illuminated by an arbitrarily polarized plane wave under oblique incidence. To our knowledge, this is the first time that 3D diffraction efficiencies are calculated using the FEM. The method has been validated using classical cases found in the literature. ...
E. Sparacino, D. Madeo, and C. Mocenni
Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Informazione, Università di Siena, Siena, Italy
This work concerns the development of a new direct parameter identification procedure for a class of nonlinear reaction- diffusion equations. We assume to know the model equations with the exception of a set of constant parameters, such as diffusivity or reaction term parameters. Using the Finite Element Method we are able to transform the original partial differential equation into a set of ...
A. Paoli, L. Seminara, D.D. Caviglia, A. Garibbo, and M. Valle
Department of Biophysical and Electronic Engineering, University of Genova, Genova, Italy
SELEX Communications S.p.A., Genova, Italy
Gas sensor arrays based on metal oxides operating at high temperature are commonly used in many application fields. They can operate on different principles and each sensor may show very different responses to the individual gases in the environment. Data coming from the array can be merged for reliable gas detection. One point which is common to the different sensors types is that the atmosphere ...