E. Foschi1, C. Guandalini2, G. Levi1, L. Quadrani1, C. Sbarra 1,3, and M. Zuffa2
1Department of Physics, University and INFN, Bologna, Italy
2INFN, Bologna, Italy
3Centro Studi e Ricerche E.Fermi, Roma, Italy
In recent years, a new type of silicon photon detection devices (SiPM) has been developed. These devices have advantages in comparison to normal photomultiplier tubes (PMT), but being made by an array of avalanche photo diodes operated in Geiger mode, they are much more sensitive to temperature changes than standard PMTs. Typical SiPM gains vary from 3 to 5 percent per degree Centigrade. In space ...
Simulated Suspended Solid Concentrations of Secondary Clarifiers in the Activated Sludge Process using the COMSOL Multiphysics Program
C. Gavrila1, and I. Gruia2
1Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, Romania
2University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
An activated sludge system accomplishes an enhanced biological purification of wastewater, and is the most frequently used system to purify such.The purification of wastewaters are dynamical systems, operating under important and uncontrolled variations of concentration and composition of the polluting substances. Mathematical models are essential for describing, predicting, and controlling these ...
J.-M. Barois, and C. Goulmy
PHOTONIS, Brive, France
Streak tubes are widely used in high-speed signal analysis; they give spatial, temporal and intensity information about one single event. Time resolutions of 0.7 pico-second can be achieved and in that time-domain, PHOTONIS tubes are second-to-none.Applications are numerous and range from plasma physic to femtosecond laser applications. In streak tubes, electrons move from the photocathode to the ...
Perspectives of Thermo-electro-mechanical Micro Actuators for Micro Switch Applications: Design and Simulation
M. Matmat, M. Al Ahmad, and J. Y. Fourniols
Laboratoire d'Analyse et d'Architecture des Systèmes (LAAS-CNRS), Toulouse, France
In this work, thermo-mechanical simulations employing a 3D finite element analysis (FEA) of a current driven V-shaped actuator is presented. The structure's hot arms consist of polysilicon, which was used as the active material for deflection due to the Joule effect.COMSOL Multiphysics with stationary and parametric solvers was used to calculate the resulting deflection when current is applied. ...
A Finite Element Analysis of the Influence of Morphology on Barrier Properties of Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites
D. L. Statler Jr., and R. K. Gupta
Department of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
Nanocomposites, formed by dispersing a few weight-percent of nanometer-thick platelets of organically-coated montmorillonite clay in a variety of polymers, are being used in food packaging applications. The clay platelets reduce the diffusion coefficient of gases, such as carbon dioxide and water vapor, and prolong the shelf-life of packaged foods and carbonated beverages. Here we use the COMSOL ...
Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Korea
This paper presents the application of the nesting method to wind fields on coarse grid to then produce a fine grid wind fields. This is done using COMSOL Multiphysics. Fine-grid wind fields, which are considered to be an urban structure, were useful in drawing scenarios for counter terrorist attacks.Also, it was confirmed that COMSOL Multiphysics could be easily applicable to multi-nesting to ...
G. Füldner, and L. Schnabel
Fraunhofer Institute of Solar Energy Systems, Freiburg, Germany
Water adsorption in highly porous materials can be used in heat transformation processes for the efficient use of energy in heat and cold production. One technology for such a thermal heat transformation is the use of water adsorption in highly porous adsorbents like zeolite. To optimize the power density of compact thin layer adsorbent beds, a one-dimensional model of the coupled heat and mass ...
Towards the Modeling of Microgalvanic Corrosion in Aluminum Alloys: the Choice of Boundary Conditions
N. Murer, N. Missert, and R. Bucchheit
Fontana Corrosion Center, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, USA
Aluminum alloys in near-neutral, mildly aggressive solutions, undergo damage accumulation during corrosion, mostly due to the presence of micrometer-sized constituent intermetallic particles (IMP) that create a microstructural discontinuity at which localized corrosion occurs. The Nernst-Planck equation with electroneutrality is used to simulate current and pH distributions resulting from ...
Modelling the Thermal Impact of a Repository for High-Level Radioactive Waste in a Clay Host Formation
Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK-CEN), Waste & Disposal Department, Mol, Belgium
Disposal in deep clay geological formations is one of the promising options for disposal of high-level radioactive waste. Yet, they can generate considerable amounts of heat as a side effect of radioactive decay. This paper shows how COMSOL Multiphysics has been used to evaluate the physical impacts of the heating on the geological media around a deep disposal system. The software was found ...
T. Zhu, and K. Wang
Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Photodynamic therapy(PDT) is a new cancer treatment modality using the photochemical reaction of a photosensitizing drug, light, and oxygen. The objective of this project is to determine the photochemical parameters necessary for singlet oxygen modeling during PDT using parameters obtained from a microscopic model. FEM calculation in COMSOL Multiphysics was used to determine the model ...