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Bending of a Stented Atherosclerotic Artery

H.C. Wong[1], K.N. Cho[1], and W.C. Tang[1]

[1]Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California, Irvine, California, USA

Atherosclerosis causes the deposition of plaque on the inner walls of arteries, which leads to restricted blood flow. Using the balloon angioplasty procedure, stents can be inserted and expanded in the atherosclerotic artery. We used COMSOL Multiphysics Structural Mechanics, Solid Stress-Strain module to perform static, large deformation analyses. Our results show that lower stent stresses were ...

Hydro-Mechanical Response of Sedimentary Rocks of Southern Ontario to Past Glaciations

O. Nasir[1], M.Fall[1], T.S. Nguyen[1,2], and E. Evgin[1]
[1]Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
[2]Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

The last glacial cycle in the Northern Hemisphere started approximately 120,000 year ago. During that cycle, Southern Ontario was buried under a continental ice cap, with a maximum thickness of up to 3km. The ice cap retreated approximately 10,000 years ago. The COMSOL Multiphysics code is used to model the physical processes of the impact of past glaciations on the evolution of hydraulic system ...

Biosimulation of Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

K. Shahim[1], J-M. Drezet[1], J-F. Molinari[2], S. Momjian[3], and R. Sinkus[4]

[1]LSMX, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
[2]LSMS, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
[3]University Hospitals of Geneva and University of Geneva, Switzerland
[4]Waves and Acoustics Laboratory, ESPCI, Paris, France

A numerical finite element model of one human brain is built in COMSOL in order to study a particular form of hydrocephalus, the so called Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH). The geometry of the ventricles and the skull is obtained by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and imported in COMSOL Multiphysics. Form the mechanical point of view, the brain parenchyma is modeled as a porous medium fully ...

Acid-Base Reactions Enhancing Membrane Separation: Model Development and Implementation

C. Bayer[1], S. Stiefel[1], M. Follmann[1], and T. Melin[1]

[1]AVT Chemical Process Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

Reactive extraction of organic acids from an aqueous solution to an alkaline stripping fluid is based on a selective barrier allowing permeation of non-polar molecules, which subsequently react with the stripping agent. The shift from the organic acid to its base induced by the chemical equilibrium enhances mass transfer inside the membrane’s porous substructure. A model of the porous ...

Simulation of Convection in Water Phantom Induced by Periodic Radiation Heating

H.H. Chen-Mayer[1], and R. Tosh[1]
[1]Ionizing Radiation Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA

Water calorimetry is employed to establish a primary reference standard for radiation dosimetry by measuring the temperature rises in a water phantom (a cube of about 30 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm) subjected to a beam of ionizing radiation.  We use COMSOL Multiphysics to model the system using the Heat Transfer module and the Incompressible Navier-Stokes module with a geometry of 2D-axial ...

Hydro-Mechanical Coupling in Saturated and Unsaturated Soils and its Consequences on the Electrical Behaviour

G. Della Vecchia[1], R. Cosentini[1], S. Foti[1], and G. Musso[1]

[1]DISTR, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

The consequences of hydromechanical coupling on the electrical conductivity of saturated and unsaturated soils are investigated experimentally and numerically. Simulations of the consolidation problem under vertical load for an elastic medium and of the coupled flow of two immiscible fluids have been performed in order to check the capability of electrical resistivity tomography to reconstruct ...

Simulation Of A Hydrogen Permeation Test On A Multilayer Membrane

J. Bouhattate, E. Legrand, A. Oudriss, S. Frappart, J. Creus, and X. Feaugas
Laboratoire d’Etude des Matériaux en Milieu Agressif, LEMMA, Bat. Marie Curie, La Rochelle, France

To understand a metal susceptibility to Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE), it is important to quantify the diffusion of hydrogen through a metallic membrane. Electrochemical permeation tests are the most common methods for experimentally determining the diffusion coefficient of a metal. However the parameters directly accessible from experiments are the time required for a stream to be observed and ...

Wavebased Micromotor for Plane Motions (3-DoF)

G. Jehle, D. Kern, and W. Seemann
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany

This paper proposes the design of a 3-Degree of Freedom(DoF) motor based on surface acoustic waves in elastic solids. The rotor is propelled by wave fields, for linear and rotational motion respectively, in the stator, that can be steered by the driving signal of the piezoelectric actuators, which are placed on an elastic plate. The next considerations concern the feasibility of the proposed ...

Navier-Stokes Solutions for Flow and Transport in Realistic Porous Media

N. Abdussamie
American Bureau of Shipping, Tripoli, Libya

This paper illustrates how to set up and solve a two-dimensional flow problem having dimensions of 640 x 320 micro-meter using the Navier-Stokes equations with the help of COMSOL Multiphysics solver. The principle of our pore-scale modeling approach is composed of two steps. The first step involves the detailed identification and specification of the porous medium morphology, this step was ...

A Study of Distributed Feed-Back Fiber Laser Sensor for Aeronautical Applications Using COMSOL Multiphysics

I. Lancranjan[1], C. Gavrila[2], S. Miclos[3], and D. Savastru[3]
[1]Advanced Study Centre - National Institute for Aerospace Research Elie Carafoli, Bucharest, Romania
[2]Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Romania
[3]National Institute R&D of Optoelectronics, INOE 2000, Bucharest, Romania

Distributed Feedback Fiber Laser (DFB-FL) sensors are increasingly used in aeronautical applications. One of the newest such applications consists in detecting the “transition” zone between laminar and turbulent air flow upon the extrados surface of an aircraft wing. In this specific application DFB-FL are operated as air pressure sensors monitoring amplitude variations of ~1 Pa (laminar flow) ...