Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Multiphysics optimization of thermal-fluid systems is an emerging area of interest with application to the development of high performance cooling technologies for electronic systems. This paper builds on previous work focused on the development of a computational platform for numerical optimization. Specifically, a sample optimized topology is briefly described, and the final result is ...
S. Maloney[1,2], Y. Li[1,2], G. Auner, and J. Smolinski
Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA
Lawrence Technological University, Southfield, MI, USA
We are working on a microfabricated lysing chip that uses a piezoelectric actuator to provide ultrasonic energy to break apart cells. The device contains pillars with varying dimensions. We hypothesize that increasing the aspect ratio of pillars will increase the efficiency of the transfer of ultrasonic energy into the fluid phase and enhance the lysing efficiency. The fluid structure ...
A.Torrents, N. Godino, F.J. del Campo, F.X. Muñoz, and J. Mas
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain
Microbia Fuel Cells (MFC’s) are complex environments where electrochemical, physical and biological aspects must be considered together. In this work we present a 1D model partially describing a Shewanella oneidensis MFC that degrade sodium lactate [lactate -> Acetate + CO2 + 2H+ + 2e-]. The model, simulated using COMSOL, focuses on pH implications of the MFC operation. Release of protons during ...
A. J. Kovacs, and M. Nemenyi
University of West Hungary
Institute of Biosystems Engineering
Our Institute at the West Hungarian University is dealing with modelling of heat physical treatments in agricultural (biological) materials. The essential key in order to gain accurate results is to know the driving forces during heat and mass transfers. In case of mass transfer processes the application of moisture gradient as driving force gives false results. Therefore, we use water ...
S.F. Neves, J.J.B.L.M. Campos, T.S. Mayor
CEFT – Transport Phenomena Research Center, Chemical Engineering Department, Porto University, Porto, Portugal
CeNTI - Centre for Nanotechology and Smart Materials, Rua Fernando Mesquita, Vila Nova de Famalicão, Portugal
A clothing system should offer the user a period of relatively comfort. However, changes in the ambient conditions over day affect the heat and mass transport in the system, influencing the user comfort perception. In order to gather information to allow the optimization of clothing systems, it is essential to understand the heat and moisture transfer occurring across multi-layer textiles. For ...
A.-G. Ghiaus, M.-A. Istrate, A. Georgescu
Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, Romania
The paper presents the analysis and optimization of the ventilation system inside of a drying lumber kiln. As with any part of the manufacturing process, improper drying techniques cause quality degradation and considerable amount of energy loose. The improvement and optimization of air distribution systems in drying kilns contributes to the preservation of the wood quality. The performance of ...
Predicting the Retention Time of Nuclear Reaction Products in the PSI Recoil Chamber Using COMSOL Multiphysics
R. Dressler, R. Eichler
Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland
Introduction: The chemical properties of the heaviest elements (atomic number Z > 103) depend on the influence of the high nuclear charge to their electronic structure. Enhanced chemical stability of copernicium (Cn, Z = 112) and flerovium (Fl, Z = 114) was predicted already 40 year ago by Pitzer . The challenge of chemical investigations of these elements is the tiny production rates of few ...
R.V. Iyer, Vinay K., A. R. Kamath, A. Goswami, A. Sharma, A. V. Joshi, A. Mishra, N. S. Pai, S. Chakraborty, Rakesh D.
PES Institute of Technology, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
This abstract addresses the effect of scaling in air gap MOSFETs and determination of functional relationship between scaling parameter and sensitivity, frequency response. The modelling of the MOSFET and its simulations has been carried out using COMSOL Multiphysics. An air Gap MOSFET in its simplest form can be imagined to be one obtained by replacing the dielectric in a MOSFET with air. The ...
M. Hassan, I. Gonin, T. Khabiboulline, V. Yakovlev
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL, USA
Normal conducting cavities are typically used in the front end of proton accelerators to get the beam accelerated to velocities approximately a few tenths of the speed of light, where superconducting cavities can then be used to accelerate the beam to the speed of light. The warm part of a typical proton accelerator would contain a radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) and several buncher cavities. ...
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Institute of Oral Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan
Electrical impedance tomography is a non-invasive, low-cost medical imaging technique that can be used long term without radiation hazards. We built a model of the torso, and then used COMSOL Multiphysics® to simulate applied current patterns, compute voltages, and find equi-potential lines. We used a filter backprojection algorithm to find the internal resistivity distribution. The results ...