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Physical and FEM Simulation of Microprobe Insertion into Brain Tissue

A. Eed Olamat, U. Hofmann, B. Pohl, and N. Nkemasong
University of Lübeck, Institute for Signal Processing, Lübeck, Germany

In order to investigate the implantation of microprobes into brain tissue, we developed a finite-element and a physical model to replace real biological tissue for mechanical testing. Penetrating forces of a tungsten indenter into a layered structure was investigated with different indentation speeds. Numerical and physical model are in good correspondence to each other and reproduce measured ...

Wavebased Micromotor for Plane Motions (3-DoF)

G. Jehle, D. Kern, and W. Seemann
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany

This paper proposes the design of a 3-Degree of Freedom(DoF) motor based on surface acoustic waves in elastic solids. The rotor is propelled by wave fields, for linear and rotational motion respectively, in the stator, that can be steered by the driving signal of the piezoelectric actuators, which are placed on an elastic plate. The next considerations concern the feasibility of the proposed ...

Theoretical Study Of Porous Silicon Waveguides And Their Applicability For Vapour Sensing

T. Hutter[1], N. Bamiedakis[2], and S. Elliott[1]
[1]Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, UK
[2]Centre for Advanced Photonics and Electronics, Engineering Department, University of Cambridge, UK

The finite-element method (FEM) (COMSOL RF Module) has been employed for modal analyses of porous silicon (PSi) waveguides composed of a guiding layer of low porosity (high refractive index) on a cladding layer with higher porosity (lower refractive index). These can be made by switching the current density from a lower to a higher value during the electrochemical etching process. The ...

Effects Of The Microstructure Of Fibrous Media On Their Acoustic Properties

C. Peyrega, and D. Jeulin
Center of Mathematical Morphology, Mines ParisTech, Fontainebleau, France

This study is a part of the Silent Wall ANR project, to which the Center of Mathematical Morphology is associated. Its main objective is to build an acoustical and thermal insulating system for buildings, composed of fibrous materials. The material is composed of two phases: the fibrous network and the air surrounding it. At the microscopic scale the absorption of the acoustic wave is mainly ...

On The Purification Of Waste Waters Using Multi-Bore Filters: Simulation Of A Long-Term Filtration Stage

I. Borsi
Dipartimento di Matematica U. Dini, Universita' di Firenze, Italy

We present the progress of the simulation activity we are carrying out within the PURIFAST LIFE+ project. We first present the model we formulated to describe the macroscopic effects of the filtration process taking place in a multi-bore filter, focusing on the fouling phenomenon. In membrane-based filters the fouling phenomenon is the major reason of a decreasing filtration efficiency. ...

The Effect of the Disintegration of Chemical Stratification on the Time-dependent Behavior of the Earth’s Mantle

A. Galsa, and M. Herein
Eötvös University
Budapest, Hungary

Based on recent results from seismology, geochemistry etc. the distinct chemical character of the D’’ layer (lowest part of the mantle around the Earth’s core) has appeared unequivocally. Numerical calculations have been carried out to investigate the effect of the disintegration, mixing and homogenization of the dense D’’ on the time-dependent behavior of mantle convection. A ...

Accurate Parameters Extraction of Multiconductor Transmission Lines in Multilayer Dielectric Media

S. Musa[1], M. Sadiku[1], and O. Momoh[2]
[1]Roy G. Perry College of Engineering, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX
[2]Indiana University-Purdue University

Development of very high speed integrated circuits is currently of great interest for today\'s technologies. This paper presents the quasi-TEM approach for the accurate parameters extraction of multiconductor transmission lines interconnect in single, two, and three-layered dielectric regions using the finite element method (FEM). We illustrate that FEM is accurate and effective for modeling ...

Modeling of Microwave Heating of a Rotating Object in a Domestic Oven in COMSOL Multiphysics

J. Raj[1], S. Birla[2], K. Pitchai[3], J. Subbiah[2], and D. Jones[2]
[1]Indian Institute of Crop Processing Technology, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India
[2]Dept. of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE
[3]Dept. of Food-Science, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE

Domestic microwave ovens are notorious for their uneven heating of food materials. This is caused by a varying electromagnetic field whose variation is caused by a number of factors dependent on the oven and the food parameters. Experimental validation of heating would therefore give highly variable results and would be labour, resource and time intensive. Thus modeling of the microwave ...

Model of a Heavy Metal Adsorption System using the S-Layer of Bacillus Sphaericus

J. Orjuela, and A. González
Dept. de Ingeniería Química Facultad de Ingeniería
Universidad de los Andes
Bogotá
Colombia

A bidimensional and pseudo homogenous model was proposed for the study of mass transfer in the bioadsorption process of chromium VI in the S-layer of immobilized Bacillus sphaericus in a packed column. The implementation of such a model in COMSOL Multiphysics will be explained in detail and the final results presented. These include chromium concentration profiles along the column and its ...

Modelling and Simulation of a Three-stage Air Compressor Based on Dry Piston Technology

M. Heidari, and P. Barrade
EPFL
Lausanne, Switzerland

The core of this modelling is to study heat transfer and fluid dynamics processes for a compression expansion system, and the main particularity is that heat transfer and air movement are due to the movement of the piston. We have implemented a \"moving mesh\" solver to compute the volume changes of the compression chamber followed by a \"Fluid dynamics\" type solver. It allows correct ...

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