I.Tomashchuk, P. Sallaman, and J.-M. Jouvard
Institut Carnot de Bourgogne, Université de Bourgogne, Le Creusot, France
In the case of electron beam welding of copper with stainless steel, two principal cases of welding pool morphology are possible: a droplet-like microstructure where the electron beam deviates to the copper side due to the thermoelectric effect, so the volume of molten copper is much bigger than steel, and an emulsion-like microstructure, volumes of melted materials are closely equal. ...
M. Al-Rawashdeh[1,2], V. Hessel[1,2], P. Löb, and F. Schönfeld
Institut für Mikrotechnik Mainz GmbH, Mainz, Germany
Department of Chemical Engineering and
Chemistry, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands
Gas-liquid falling film microreactors carry out fast exothermic and mass transfer limited reactions. Since the major rate limiting steps occur on the liquid side, it is important to account for a realistic liquid film profile within the reactor simulation. Based on realistic channel geometry and liquid menisci profiles, we describe the liquid film thicknesses, flow velocities, species transport ...
K. Stein, R. Peterson, J. Houlton, J. Knapp, B. Peplinski, C. Scheevel, and D. Swenson
Department of Physics, Bethel University, St. Paul, MN, USA
Acoustic vibrations are studied for several objects through the application of computational and optical diagnostic techniques. Computational studies are carried out using the eigenfrequency analysis option in the COMSOL structural mechanics application mode, whereas experimental optical studies utilize real-time stroboscopic holography. The two approaches provide complementary ...
Hemodynamic Therapy of Middle Cerebral Artery Vasospasm Guided by a Multiphase Model of Oxygen Transport
S. Conrad[1,2], P. Chittiboina, and B. Guthikonda
Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, LA, USA
Department of Neurosurgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA
Cerebral vasospasm is a complication of subarachnoid hemorrhage and other neurosurgical emergencies that reduce blood flow to the brain. Part of the approach to management of vasospasm is to improve flow through the stenotic areas by reducing by decreasing blood viscosity and enhancing flow through the stenosis. To examine the interaction of these factors, we applied computational fluid ...
Parameter Identification in Partial Integro-Differential Equations for Physiologically Structured Populations
S. Moenickes, O. Richter, and K. Schmalstieg
Institut für Geoökologie, Abt. Umweltsystemanalyse, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Germany
Continuous dynamic models, e.g. COMSOL based simulations, play – besides statistical or iterative methods – a mayor role in theoretical ecology; in forecasting and management, but also in systems analysis. Ecological issues generally comprise highly interacting agents and/or unknown side effects. Here we show how combining direct simulation with COMSOL with simple optimization tools ...
A. Kalinowski, and J. Maguire
Naval Undersea Warfare Center/Div. Npt. , Newport, RI, USA
The paper addresses a class of problems for modeling and consequently simulating the electromagnetic field radiation pattern from a two arm Archimedes spiral coil. The performance of particular interest is knowledge of the radiated magnetic field H and electric field E in the neighborhood of the coil. The results in this paper illustrate how COMSOL is used to solve for the radiated ...
E. Zanchini, and T. Terlizzese
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
The results of two thermal response tests recently performed on two vertical borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) are presented. The BHEs have the same cross section and a depth of 100 m and 120 m respectively. The evaluation of the thermal properties of the ground and grout are performed by a finite-element simulation method, developed through the software package COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4.
Towards the Modeling of Microgalvanic Corrosion in Aluminum Alloys: the Choice of Boundary Conditions
N. Murer, N. Missert, and R. Bucchheit
Fontana Corrosion Center, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, USA
Aluminum alloys in near-neutral, mildly aggressive solutions, undergo damage accumulation during corrosion, mostly due to the presence of micrometer-sized constituent intermetallic particles (IMP) that create a microstructural discontinuity at which localized corrosion occurs. The Nernst-Planck equation with electroneutrality is used to simulate current and pH distributions resulting from ...
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
We are developing approximations of electrically anisotropic materials for use in novel imaging methods. Our modeling work in COMSOL comprises comparisons of anisotropic and layered models in terms of electrical conductivities measured using different strategies. We tested solution stability in one anisotropic case by varying mesh anisotropy. In our case, good approximations to the true ...
I. Hoke, C. Dahmani, T. Weyh
Heinz-Nixdorf Lehrstuhl für Medizinische Elektronik, Fakultät für Elektro-und Informationstechnik, Technische Universität München, Germany
The application of nanoparticles coupled with medical agents to brain tumors remains one of the biggest obstacles in neuro scientific research. This work explores an optimal design of an electromagnet to overcome the blood-brain barrier by means of an intensive external magnetic field gradient. It is found that the field gradients depend strongly on the design of the magnet tip. The model ...