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Computational Science and Engineering at DuPont

R. Nopper
Dupont Engineering
Research & Technology
Wilmington, DE

Rick has a BS in Physics, a ScM in Geological Sciences, and a PhD in Physics. He worked at Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, Conoco Petroleum Exploration Research, and, since 1989, has been at the DuPont Experimental Station. In this industrial setting, Rick has had opportunity to work on a great diversity of problems ranging from traditional engineering studies, using commercial finite-element ...

Designing Magnetic Coils from the Inside Out

C. Crawford, and D. Wagner
University of Kentucky
Lexington, KY

Traditionally the design cycle for magnetic fields involves guessing at a reasonable conductor and magnetic material configuration, using finite element analysis (FEA) software to calculate the resulting field, modifying the configuration, and iterating to produce the desired results. We take the opposite approach of specifying the required magnetic field, imposing it as a boundary condition on ...

Porous Media Based Model for Deep-Fat Vacuum Frying Potato Chips

A. Warning, A. K. Datta, A. Dhall, and D. Mitrea
Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY

A multiphase porous media model involving heat and mass transfer within a potato chip was implemented in COMSOL 3.5a. The diffusive flux in oil and liquid water was modeled from capillary driven flow while the gas phase was modeled using binary diffusion. A non-equilibrium water evaporation rate was used and Darcy's law for the momentum equation to solve for the convection of each species. ...

Electrophoresis and Electroosmosis in the Intracellular Transport of Macromolecules

V. Andreev
University of Miami
Miami, FL

Electric fields are present in biological systems at multiple spatial and temporal scales. Electroosmotic flow results from the action of electric field on the electrical double layer, formed at the fluid/solid or fluid/membrane interface and characterized by its zeta-potential. For the physiological value of zeta-potential (50 mV) and a single charged protein of average size, electroosmotic ...

A Method for Efficient Calculation of Diffusion and Reactions of Lipophilic Compounds in Complex Cell Geometry

Kristian Dreij[1], Qasim Ali Chaudhry[2], Bengt Jernström[1], Ralf Morgenstern[1], and Michael Hanke[2]
[1]Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
[2]School of Computer Science and Communication, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

A general description of effects of toxic compounds in mammalian cells is facing several problems. Firstly, most toxic compounds are hydrophobic and partition phenomena strongly influence their behaviour. Secondly, cells display considerable heterogeneity regarding the presence, activity and distribution of enzymes participating in the metabolism of foreign compounds i.e. bioactivation ...

An Innovative Solution for Water Bottling Using PET

D. Scardigno[1], A. Castellano[1], P. Foti[1], A. Fraddosio[1], S. Marzano[1], M.D. Piccioni[1]
[1]DICAR, Politecnico di Bari, Bari, Italy

Introduction: We study an innovative technology for water bottling using PET, aimed at reducing the thickness of the plastic bottles. The goals are the reduction of the amount of plastic used for a single water bottle, the reduction of the packaging costs and more environmental sustainability. The required thickness of the bottle depends on its structural function: when carried, the bottles are ...

Thermo-Fluid Dynamics FEM Simulation of Advanced Water Cold Plates for Power Electronics

N. Delmonte[1], F. Giuliani[1], P. Cova[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell'Informazione, Università degli Studi di Parma, Parma, Italy

Introduction: Power electronic converters such as those for High Energy Physics Experiments (HEPEs) must operate in thermally hostile environment. Heat generated by electronics components must be conveniently dissipated to ensure electrical performances and improve reliability. Due to the high power density, the presence of closed environments, and the requirement of non-thermal interaction with ...

Passive Microsensor Based on LC Resonators for Substance Identification

D.A. Sanz Becerra[1], E.A. Unigarro Calpa[1], J. Osma[1], F. Segura[1]
[1]Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia

A scheme for inductive wireless powering and readout of passive LC sensor is presented. The sensor’s inductor is designed as a planar square coil and is used as the power receiving component. The capacitor is connected directly to the inductor and it was designed as an interdigital capacitor. With a transmitting coil (coupling antenna), an electromagnetic field is generated which couples with ...

Simulation and Analysis of a Borehole Transient Electromagnetic Reservoir Monitoring System

S.M. Dutta[1], A. Reiderman[1]
[1]Baker Hughes, Houston, TX, USA

Waterflooding and steam-flooding are used worldwide for EOR. Recently, CO2-flooding has attracted global attention as a means of EOR as well as for carbon capture and sequestration. These processes cause significant changes over time in the fluid composition of oil reservoirs. This paper demonstrates the feasibility of a borehole transient electromagnetic (TEM) system that can map the fluid ...

Modeling a Non-Flooding Hybrid Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell and Related Diffusion-Migration-Reaction Systems

B.E. McNealy[1], J.L. Hertz[1]
[1]University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA

Introduction: Understanding the mass and charge transport behavior of heterogeneous systems that include diffusion, migration, and reaction of ions is important in fuel cells, batteries, and other electrochemical applications. Here, a numerical model for charged species transport and reaction has been developed to simulate the electrochemical behavior of a novel type of “non-flooding” hybrid ...

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