Modeling the Bacterial Clearance in Capillary Network Using Coupled Stochastic-Differential and Navier-Stokes Equations
A. Atalla, and A. Jeremic
McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
The capillary network is a complex-interconnected structure. A single blood cell traveling from the arteriole to a venule via a capillary bed passes through, on average, 40−100 capillary segments. The cardiovascular systems responsible of delivering blood to the tissue under sufficient pressure to exchange materials. This is a two way process, at which nutrients, Oxygen, and other ...
Effects of the Film Thickness on the Transient Conjugate Opticalthermal Fields in Thin Films Irradiated by Moving Sources in Back and Front Treatments
N. Bianco, O. Manca, S.Nardini, and D. Ricci
DETEC, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
DIAM, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Aversa, CE, Italy
A two dimensional transient analysis of the conjugate optical-thermal fields induced in a multilayer thin film structure by a moving Gaussian laser source is carried out numerically in order to compare back and front laser treatment processes. Thermal and optical nonlinearity is induced during transient heating, since the response of weakly absorbing thin films depends on temperature. The heat ...
F. Pulvirenti, M. Aloisi, G. De Guidi, M. Mattia, and C. Monaco
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
Dipartimento di Scienze Geologiche, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy
Structural, morphological and ground deformation studies suggest that the eastern flank of Mt. Etna (eastern Sicily) is spreading seaward. Three contrasting models have been proposed: deep-seated spreading, shallow sliding and tectonic block movements. In order to better understand the kinematics of instability processes on eastern flank of Mt. Etna, a numerical simulation has been applied to a ...
Ken Kang-Hsin Wang, and Timothy C. Zhu
Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Singlet oxygen (1O2) is the major cytotoxic agent during type-II photodynamic therapy (PDT). The production of 1O2involves the complex reactions among cancer agent, oxygen molecule, and treatment laser light. The light propagation in tumor tissue is described by the diffusion equation. In this work, an optimization routine is developed to fit the [1O2]rx profile to the simulated necrosis ...
P. Krastev, and B. Tracey
Neurometrix, Inc., Waltham, Massachusetts, USA
Nerve localization is important for applications in regional anesthesia. Localization is achieved by stimulating the nerve with an electric field produced by a current from a needle inserted into the body of the patient, close to the target nerve. Modeling of the electric field in close proximity to the nerve may help to explain observed variations in threshold currents and can help to ...
L. Yuan and P.C. Pedersen
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA
Finite element models using COMSOL Multiphysics and MATLAB were developed to solve the problem of stress distribution interior homogeneous, isotropic, incompressible elastic solid material under known vertical external compression with a rectangular contact surface. Moreover, comparison between these results and analytical solutions was used to further validate that stress drops off with ...
K. Lowe [1,2], and Rao V. Arimilli
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
Department of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Biomedical Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
In some power electronic applications the available coolant temperature is close to maximum and controlling operating temperature becomes more challenging, for which new thermal management schemes must be considered. COMSOL predicts the 3D fluid behavior and 3D temperature distribution within an actively cooled power electronic structure. A solution mapping method is implemented to more ...
M. Suárez , and F. Samaniego 
Faculty of Sciences, Michoacán University (UMSNH), Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico
Faculty of Engineering Postgrade Studies Division, National University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico
New geothermal energy sources hold promise for the future. Deep submarine geothermal energy related to hydrothermal vents is emerging in many places along the oceanic spreading centers. Shallow submarine geothermal systems are found near to continental platforms. We present the initial development of mathematical models to simulate the energy transport in submarine systems. A model for the ...
M. Blaziková, J. Malínský, D. Stanek, and P. Herman
Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
Institute of Experimental Medicine, Prague, Czech Republic
Institute of Molecular Genetics, Prague, Czech Republic
Small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles (snRNPs) are essential supramolecular complexes involved in pre-mRNA splicing, the process of post-transcriptional RNA modifications. The particles undergo complex assembly steps inside the cell nucleus in a highly dynamic compartment called the Cajal body. We have previously shown that the free diffusion model does not fully describe the snRNP motion ...
M. Benilov, and M. Faria
Departamento de Física, Universidade da Madeira, Funchal, Portugal
Current transfer from high-pressure arc plasmas to thermionic cathodes may occur in a diffuse mode, when the current is distributed over the front surface of the cathode, or in a spot mode, when most of the current is localized in one or more small areas. Spectra of perturbations of 3D steady-state current transfer to thermionic cathodes of a high-pressure argon arc have been computed in the ...