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Residence Time Distribution for Tubular Reactors - new

L. R. de Souza Jr.[1], L. Lorenz[1]
[1]Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

In the core of Chemical Engineering is the reactor design that includes most of all scientific disciplines. The reactors, in general, are treated ideally. Unfortunately, it is observed in the real world a very different behavior from that expected. Thus, to characterize nonideal reactors is used, among others, residence time distribution function E(t). The aim of this present work is to ...

Electrical Conductivity Modeling and Validation in Unidirectional Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites

P. Banerjee[1], J. L. Schmidt[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA

Carbon fiber (CF) reinforced polymer composites (CFRP) have begun to replace Al-Zn-Mg alloys in applications which require high strength-to-weight ratios. The anisotropy of CFRP composites is a result of melt crystallized extrusion techniques that impart an inherent directionality to the CFs and the associated material’s properties. Electrical conductivity was modeled across the entire CF ...

Sensitivity Analysis of Different Models of Piezoresistive Micro Pressure Sensors

S. Meenatchisundaram[1], S. M. Kulkarni[2], S. Bhat
[1]Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Surathkal, Karnataka, India.

Piezoresistive pressure sensors have received much attention over the years because of low cost, simple measurement techniques, etc. There is a challenge in design with respect to appropriate positioning, shape and temperature compensation. Different models of piezoresistive pressure sensors are proposed to enhance its sensitivity in terms of output voltage. This paper aims in sensitivity ...

Multiphysics Simulation of Thermoelectric Systems - Modeling of Peltier-Cooling and Thermoelectric Generation

M. Jaegle
Fraunhofer-Institute for Physical Measurement-Techniques (IPM), Freiburg, Germany

Electro-thermal interaction is commonly considered only as a matter of joule heating. In addition, the Seebeck-, Peltier- and Thompson-Effects are significant in materials with high thermoelectric figure of merit Z. These thermoelectric materials have a high Seebeck-coefficient α, a good electric conductivity σ, and a poor thermal conductivity λ. They have widespread areas of ...

Fluid Motion Between Rotating Concentric Cylinders Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

P. L. Mills [1], K. Barman [1], S. Mothupally [1], A. Sonejee [1],
[1] Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA

Introduction Fluid flow patterns in research or process-scale equipment where a fluid is contained between concentric rotating cylinders in the absence of bulk axial flow has received notable attention in the field of fluid mechanics. Annular flows occur in many practical applications, such as in the production of oil and gas, fluid viscometers, centrifugally-driven separation processes, ...

Stochastic Approach in Approximation of the Transient Plasma Sheath Behavior in FEM

J. Brcka
TEL US Holdings, Inc., Albany, NY, USA

Recently, the advanced plasma tools have been using very high frequency power sources (>100 MHz) and their combination to excite plasma utilized in semiconductor technology. This approach is evoking the regimes that are less understood and currently a subject to many studies and experimental investigations. The paper describes quasi-stochastic approach applied for sheath properties and ...

Analysis Of Linearly Polarized Modes

I. Avram, and I. Gavril Tarnovan
The Technical University of Cluj Napoca
Cluj, Romania

This paper presents a study on the propagation modes of electromagnetic waves through a step index fiber optics. To analyze the propagation of electromagnetic field, a simulation in Comsol 4.0 has been implemented using two different optical fibers. Obtaining the propagation modes, called linearly polarized modes (LPnm) to get their characterization according to the radial and azimuthal ...

The Design of a Multilayer Planar Transformer for DC/DC Converter with a Resonant Inverter - new

M. Puskarczyk[1], R. Jez [1]
[1]ABB Corporate Research Center, Krakow, Poland

Multilayer planar transformers are widely implemented in power electronic applications. The design process of these elements is complicated due to the complexity of a magnetic circuit and high frequency interactions between windings. Additionally, an analytical approach to the analysis (based on mathematical formulas) can be uncertain. The applied FEM method of the analysis can be a solution to ...

Long-term Effects of Ground Source Heat Pumps on Underground Temperature

X. Zheng[1]
[1]Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA

This study set up a numerical model in COMSOL Multiphysics® and simulated the underground temperature over 100 years. The long-term underground temperature around an energy pile was investigated without considering groundwater movement. Parameters and boundary conditions were examined before the simulation. The temperature changes at different depths and distances were presented. Temperature ...

Modeling of Ultrasonic Transducers and Ultrasonic Wave Propagation for Commercial Applications Using Finite Elements with Experimental Visualization of Waves for Validation - new

D. R. Andrews[1]
[1]Cambridge Ultrasonics, Over, UK

Finite element (FE) modelling of ultrasonic propagation using COMSOL Multiphysics® simulations can be used to create images of waves. Unfortunately, in time-stepping solutions, it is possible for numerical instabilities to grow large and dominate the solution adversely. Any design of transducer that is based upon poorly-configured FE models is unlikely to perform as expected and will almost ...