F. E. Hizir, H. M. Al-Qahtani[1, 2], D. E. Hardt
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
Microcontact printing is a method for depositing patterns of thin films or molecular monolayers on surfaces using a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) stamp for selective mechanical contact (Figure 1). Undesired deformation of the stamp features during printing affects printed pattern quality. Hence, stamps need to be well-designed to prevent erroneous prints. Existing investigations identify the ...
赵旭山 , 郝雷 , 蒋利军 , 米菁 , 杨海龄 ,
随着能源紧张、油价攀升，环境污染严重，利用可再生绿色能源又成为不懈努力的方向。槽式太阳能热发电技术具有兼容性强、对电网冲击小、性价比高、发电成本低、可存储可调度等特点，近年来得到了迅猛发展，其核心部件为高温太阳能真空集热管，如图1所示。本研究利用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 针对真空集热管真实工况下的动态过程开展研究，并在此基础上开展集热管结构的优化设计。 由图 1 可知：集热管在电站中服役工况下，槽面会聚的太阳光主要集中于集热管下半面，上半面接收的会聚太阳光较少；导热工质自吸收管一端进入，接收会聚太阳光辐照能量，从吸收管另一端流出，流入→流出过程中，导热工质被加热；集热管外表面与外部环境通过热辐射和对流两种方式换热；吸收管与玻璃罩管间形成的环形密闭高真空区域各内表面通过热辐射换热，不考虑对流；集热管两端支撑固定于聚光器上，由于本身自重和热应力，会产生一定形变。 ...
C. Zhao , M. G. Prasad ,
 Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, NJ, USA
Recently, acoustic black holes (ABH), a new passive structural modification approach to control vibration and noise from mechanical structures have been developed and studied. This preliminary study presents the work on the influence of acoustical black holes on the vibration and sound field of beams. The simulation and experimental results show that the parameters m and a in the power law ...
D. Maciel, N. Bouchonneau
Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
The maintenance plan or rush-to-repair of a subsea pipeline for oil transport may result in the shutdown of the line, in other words, may stop the flow of fluid. During the shutdown, the temperature of the oil tends to decrease continuously, and the heavy molecules tend to crystallize and suspend in the oil, which increase the viscosity of the oil, and even form a paraffinic compound or freeze ...
L. F. de Souza
Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil
A simple steady-state photo-fermentative biochemical model was developed using the COMSOL Multiphysics'® Transport of Diluted Species physics interface. A dimensionless model seeks optimal physical parameters based on given biochemical parameters found in literature. A parametric sweep of the physical parameters is enabled without altering the mesh. Other limitations can be easily added to this ...
Thermal Study of Valve Regulated Lead Acid Batteries and Electronics Chamber Used in Stand-Alone Street Lighting Applications - new
D. Groulx, J. Skaalum, T. Jamieson
Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
This paper presents a study on the heat generation of Valve-Regulated Lead Acid (VRLA) batteries used in off-grid streetlighting applications from PoleCo, a Halifax based company. One goal of the project was to produce validated COMSOL® models of the enclosure that holds these VRLA batteries. This model can then be used to investigate methods of reducing the temperature of the batteries based on ...
M. L. Smith , A. A. Sicard , A. A. Skandani , M. R. Shankar ,
 Hope College, Holland, MI, USA
 University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Photomechanical materials experience strains in response to light of certain wavelengths. These remotely triggered, photo-induced strains lead to large-scale deformations, presenting significant opportunities for wireless actuators and light-driven morphing structures. A large space of possible mechanical behaviors exist for these materials since their response depends on a variety of system ...
M. Hussain , Ramanathan S. , R. C. Thiagarajan ,
 ATOA Scientific Technologies, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Casting product performance depends on material, flow, Process Temperature, Solidification, Shrinkage and residual stress. In a casting process, not all available resources are utilized effectively which results in low quality of casting, defects and metal wastage. Physics based modeling is increasingly used to optimize product performance, improve quality and reduce defects of casting products. ...
M. S. Santhanakrishnan , T. Tilford , C. Bailey ,
 The University of Greenwich, London, United Kingdom
Introduction Thermal management is a key challenge in development of modern microelectronics systems. This is becoming an increasingly critical area of microelectronics packaging design due to the ever increasing levels of miniaturisation, integration and operating frequency which result in significantly higher power densities. This study looks to address this challenge through advanced ...
F. Mansilla, L. Voisin 
Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile
Department of Mining Engineering, Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile
Throughout history, the copper pyrometallurgical processes have been carried out mostly in discontinuous or batch systems. In recent decades new continuous technologies have been developed but focused only on Smelting and Converting stages leaving aside the Refining one. In 2002 a novel technology was proposed by the Department of Mining Engineering of Chile University which consists in two ...