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Implementation of a Modified Anisotropic Creep Model for Clays with Use of the Physics Builder

M. Karlsson [1], J. Yannie [1],
[1] Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden

In this work a modified anisotropic creep model with structure for soft soils was implemented by using the Physics Builder. The model is validated against boundary value laboratory test such as undrained tri-axial tests and CRS (constant rate of strain) tests. The implemented user-defined MAC-s constitutive model seems to capture many of the important behaviors seen in soft soils.

Numerical Study on the Mechanism of Interface Debonding Detection for CFST with PZT

H. Chen [1], J. Li [1], S. Xia [2],
[1] Hunan University, Changsha, Hunan, China
[2] Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

Introduction In order to understand the detection mechanism of the PZT based nondestructive testing (NDT) technology for interface debonding of CFSTs, numerical simulation on a multi-physical model composed of surface-mounted PZT patches and CFST structural member is established in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The stress propagation process and the electrical signal output of an embedded PZT patch as ...

Numerical Modelling of a Free-Burning Arc in Argon. A Tool for Understanding the Optical Mirage Effect in a TIG Welding Device

J-M. Bauchire[1], E. Langlois-Bertrand[1], and C. de Izarra[1]
[1]GREMI, CNRS, Université d’Orléans, Orléans, France

In this paper, we present the numerical modelling of a free-burning arc and its application to the understanding of optical mirage effect which could occur in a TIG (Tungsten Inert Gas) device used in welding applications.

Modeling of Arc Welding Power Source - new

E. S. Tschoepke[1], J. A. E. Mazzaferro[1], G. Paz[1]
[1]Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

Introduction: The main objective of the present work consists in modeling an arc welding heat source to allow predict peak temperature and cooling rate at specific points. The filler metal was deposited on a plate of 32mm thick with no chamfer, in bead on plate configuration, using five different preheat temperatures: -30°C, 30°C, 100°C, 150°C and 200°C. Use of COMSOL Multiphysics® software: ...

Iterative Learning Control for Spatio-Temporal Repetitive Processes

D. Kowalów [1], M. Patan [1]
[1] Institute of Control & Computation Engineering, Zielona Góra, Poland

Recently, due to the dynamically increasing complexity of modern systems, a strong necessity appears for more systematic approaches to high quality control and process monitoring. Requirements imposed by process control in the area of spatio-temporal physical systems also called distributed parameter systems (DPSs) are associated with using very accurate models in which spatial dynamics cannot ...

Effect of Viscosity of Food on Digestion and Nutrient Absorption in the Human Small Intestine

J. S. Karthikeyan [1], D. Salvi [1], M. V. Karwe [1],
[1] Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA

Digestion is the process of breaking down food into smaller components, by mechanical and enzymatic action in the digestive tract, so that the smaller nutrient molecules can be more easily absorbed in the intestinal tract. To study and analyze the human digestive process, different methodologies have been used in the past. In general, in vivo feeding studies with humans provide the most accurate ...

COMSOL 在微波能领域应用研究

朱铧丞 [1], 张春 [1], 叶菁华 [1],
[1] 四川大学,成都,四川,中国

微波作为信息和能量的载体具有同等重要的应用价值,利用微波对物质产生的物理化学效应进行能量传递及转换已经在化学领域有了积极的应用。从 1986 年 R.N. Gedye 等人首次使用微波促进化学反应使其反应速率提高 1240 倍以来,有越来越多的微波和化学领域的科学家对相关问题进行了研究,并出现了一门新兴学科“微波化学”。微波化学作为研究微波能的一个方面是研究微波与化学反应体系相互作用的一个新兴学科。由于当前人们对微波加快化学反应的研究还非常肤浅,微波在大规模应用中并未发挥出其应有的巨大优势,微波化学进一步发展面临着巨大的挑战和机遇。目前微波化学的研究可以分为宏观和微观两个层面:(1)在宏观层面人们并不关心微波对分子之间行为的影响,其研究要用多物理场数值计算方法获得反应体系中电磁场、温度等物理量的分布和变化;(2)微观层面的研究,重点关注微波对反应分子之间相互作用的影响 ...

Modeling of Packed Bed Reactors: Hydrogen Production by the Steam Reforming of Methane and Glycerol - new

A. Dixon[1], B. MacDonald[1], A. Olm[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

The conventional route to hydrogen production is by steam reforming of methane (MSR) in a multitubular packed bed. With the increasing use of biodiesel as a renewable fuel, interest has grown in steam reforming of the excess glycerol produced as a side product (GSR). We use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to model a tubular packed bed reactor, solving a single pellet model at each point. The ...

Optimization of Carbon Nanotube Field Emission Arrays

B. L. Crossley[1], M. Kossler[1], P.J. Collins[1], R. A. Coutu Jr.[1], and L. A. Starman[1]

[1]Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, USA

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been proven experimentally to be well suited for field emission applications. An optimized triode configured CNT field emission array is developed using the COMSOL Multiphysics Electrostatics Application to adjust five key physical dimensions to investigate the effects on the enhanced electric field at the CNT emitter tips. The five dimensions studied are CNT ...

Hydro-Mechanical Modelling of a Shaft Seal in a Deep Geological Repository

D. Priyanto
Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Pinawa, MB, Canada

The hydro-mechanical (HM) numerical simulation of a shaft seal installed at a fracture zone in a hypothetical host rock using COMSOL is presented. Two different stages are considered in the numerical modelling. Stage 1 simulates the groundwater flow into an open shaft. Stage 2 simulates the groundwater flow after installation of shaft sealing-components. The shaft sealing components include: ...