V. S. Kshirsagar, P. M. Pawar
SVERI's College of Engineering, Pandharpur, Maharashtra, India
Effective suspension and settling are critical for controlling biomass retention in a biogas digester. This paper developed a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model to simulate the hydrodynamic characteristics of multiphase flow in biogas digester. This is carried out by using COMSOL Multiphysics® software for understanding the behavior of slurries of different viscosity. This study helps to ...
S. Ebrahim , F. B. Cheung , A. Alshayji ,
 Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait University, Kuwait
This research studies possible ways to mitigate failure of a nuclear reactor, in which the coolant supply to the nuclear core has been compromised, known as Loss of Coolant Accident (LOCA). One possible way to decrease the severity of the incident is to quickly quench the fuel rods in water. The heat transfer and hydrodynamic mechanisms involved in this quenching process are numerically ...
L. Helmich, A. Huetten
Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
Thermography measurements on metallic thin films are challenging due to reflections from the environment. We present a thin "gold black" absorption layer to deal with this issue. A multiphysics model is introduced to correct the experimentally obtained data for undesirable heat transfer effects between the metallic sample and the absoption layer.
D. C. Raharja , R. E. Hincapie , M. Be , C. L. Gaol , L. Ganzer ,
 Clausthal University of Technology, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany
Aqueous polymers used for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) application is considered a complex fluid. It can exhibit Newtonian and Non-Newtonian behavior depending on the velocity or the stresses that it is submitted during the flooding process. Therefore, the polymer flooding project requires a detailed understanding of chemical and physical process occurred in the porous subsurface reservoir, ...
M. Karlsson , J. Yannie ,
 Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden
In this work a modified anisotropic creep model with structure for soft soils was implemented by using the Physics Builder. The model is validated against boundary value laboratory test such as undrained tri-axial tests and CRS (constant rate of strain) tests. The implemented user-defined MAC-s constitutive model seems to capture many of the important behaviors seen in soft soils.
R. Zecca , P. T. Bowen , D. R. Smith , S. Larouche ,
 Center for Metamaterials and Integrated Plasmonics and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
Stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) is a nonlinear phenomenon coupling optical and elastic waves. Traditionally regarded as an undesirable side-effect, it has garnered renewed interest as a platform for investigating slow light, nonreciprocity, and for designing high-performance chip-integratable optical elements. While the design of such devices relies on numerical simulations, frequency ...
H. Krishnan , T. Zhu , Y. Zeng ,
 University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
The study investigates the thermal and mechanical effect of a braking action on a ventilated carbon ceramic brake disc assembly and determines the best vane profiles for maximum cooling and dissipation of heat.
I. Tomashchuk , I. Bendaoud , P. Sallamand , E. Cicala , S. Lafaye , M. Almuneau ,
 Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne (ICB), UMR 6303 CNRS - Université de Bourgogne – Franche Comté, France
 Laser Rhône-Alpes, Le Fontanil (Grenoble), France
Time-dependent multiphysical simulation of pulsed and continuous laser welding of dissimilar metals, based on Moving Mesh (ALE) approach, is proposed. Strong coupling between heat transfer, laminar compressible flow and ALE is used. The model was validated for a case of single material (Ti6Al4V alloy) and then applied for studying of keyhole dynamics and melted zone development in a case of ...
S. Zhuang ,
 CAEaid, Inc., Austin, TX, USA
Valves are widely used to control fluid flow in various engineering applications. It’s crucial to study the flow characteristics inside the valve and the fluid-structure interaction between the fluid and valve’s sleeve for design, optimization and improvement of valves. However, because of complex valve geometry, complicated contact status, large deformation, nonlinear material characteristics ...
Y. Davletshin, J. C. Kumaradas
Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
Photoacoustic (PA) imaging has matured into a clinical modality for tissue imaging and functional cancer cell research. It uses a pulsed laser to irradiate a region and generate a thermally-induced acoustic pressure wave that can be collected by an ultrasound transducer. The optical absorption/PA contrast of the region of interest can be enhanced by the use of plasmonic nanoparticles. The ...