Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have received tremendous attention as alternative photon harvesting devices. While the sintered TiO2 nanoparticle network attached with dye molecules achieves efficient photon absorption, the electrons have to diffuse through the long TiO2 network to reach the contact, resulting in a high electron density and thus increased recombination. Extensive research ...
Modeling of Packed Bed Reactors: Hydrogen Production by the Steam Reforming of Methane and Glycerol - new
A. Dixon, B. MacDonald, A. Olm
Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
The conventional route to hydrogen production is by steam reforming of methane (MSR) in a multitubular packed bed. With the increasing use of biodiesel as a renewable fuel, interest has grown in steam reforming of the excess glycerol produced as a side product (GSR). We use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to model a tubular packed bed reactor, solving a single pellet model at each point. The ...
Z. Zheng, R. Zhang
Corning Incorporated, Corning, NY, USA
Introduction: Glass relaxation occurs in a range of temperature during transition from equilibrium to super-cooled liquid. Viscoelastic material model can be applied to simulate glass behavior during the glass transition regime and to predict the glass deformation and stress evolution. Viscoelasticity is the property of materials that exhibit both viscous and elastic characteristics when ...
A Practical Method to Model Complex Three-Dimensional Geometries with Non-Uniform Material Properties Using Image-based Design and COMSOL Multiphysics®
J. Cepeda, S. Birla, J. Subbiah, H. Thippareddi
Department of Food Science & Technology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
Geometries with heterogeneous material properties are typically defined as a set of multiple parts, each part representing a different material. However, assembling or defining the individual parts of complex geometries can be difficult. A practical method based on image-based mesh generation, a custom algorithm for labeling materials, and interpolation functions of COMSOL Multiphysics® can be ...
H. Kwon, and E. Akyiano
Dept. of Engineering and Computer Science
Berrien Springs, MI
In this paper, the cyclic voltammetry behavior of Ferrocyanide/Ferricyanide, which is commonly used for electrochemical DNA detection experiment, was studied in the commercial EQCM-D setup (Q-sense) using the COMSOL Multiphysics. The model was established in a 3D geometry of QCM liquid cell. The simulation shows depletion of concentration of ferrocyanice following applied electrode ...
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
This presentation gives an account of how COMSOL Multiphysics® software has helped to accelerate research and development. It has been used to simulate energy systems such as fuel cells, biomedical systems such as hydrogels and human skin, and monolithic catalytic converters. Each of these systems requires a mathematical model that can accurately represent the relevant physics, and which can be ...
S. Harrison, M. Young, M. Hayne, P. D. Hodgson, R. J. Young, A. Strittmatter, A. Lenz, U. W. Pohl, D. Bimberg
Department of Physics, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
Institut für Festkörperphysik, Berlin, Germany
Low-dimensional semiconductor nanostructures, in which charge carriers are confined in a number of spatial dimensions, are the focus of much solid-state physics research, offering superior optical and electronic properties over their bulk counterparts. Both two-dimensional (2D) and zero-dimensional (0D) structures have seen wide-ranging applications in laser diodes, solar cells and LEDs to name ...
T. Karmokar, R. Pietsch
HIGHVOLT Prüftechnik Dresden GmbH, Dresden, Sachsen, Germany
The computation of electric field strength is the state-of-the-art technique for designing and optimizing High-Voltage (HV) equipment. In this research, the equipment under analysis is Cable Termination (CaTr) which is used to apply high-voltage (75 kV – 800 kV AC) on the cable to be tested (Figure 1). The CaTr is based on the principle of linear electric field control using deionised water with ...
E. Varadarajan, M. Bhanusri,
Research and Innovation Centre (RIC), IITM Research Park, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
In this paper we made an attempt to maximize the power output in the different piezoelectric materials in a unimorph cantilever beam configuration. In this research, a macro scale unimorph piezoelectric power generator prototypes consists of an active piezoelectric layer, stainless steel substrate and titanium proof mass was designed for frequencies 60 Hz - 200 Hz. An analytical model of a micro ...
K. C. Koppenhoefer, J. Thomas, J. S. Crompton
AltaSim Technologies, LLC., Columbus, OH, USA
Computational tools based on the finite element method have been used extensively to develop solutions for elastic and elastic-plastic fracture mechanics problems. This work uses a small-scale yielding model to compare results developed from COMSOL Multiphysics® with another finite element modeling package and analytical solutions. Analysis are conducted for elastic, and elastic-plastic ...