This paper covers the following: * All-Optical Light Modulation of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) is achieved using asymmetric single nanoslits. A high on/off switching ratio of >20 dB and phase variation of >? were observed with the device lateral dimension of only about 2 ?m. * Efficient unidirectional excitation of SPP as well as beam splitting are achieved using the ...
IIT Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India
Electroosmotic flow of power-law fluids in a slit channel(1D) is analyzed. The governing equations are the Poisson–Boltzmann equation, the Cauchy momentum equation, Generalized Smoluchowski equation and the continuity equation are used to get shear stress, dynamic viscosity, and velocity distribution. Simulations are performed to examine the effects of ?H, flow behavior index, double layer ...
Study of Fluid and Mass Adsorption Model in the QCM-D Sensor for Characterization of Biomolecular Interaction
H.J. Kwon, C.K. Bradfield, B.T. Dodge, and G.S. Agoki
Department of Engineering and Computer Science, Andrews University, Berrien Springs, Michigan, USA
Increasing attention has been paid to application of the quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) sensor for monitoring biomolecular interactions. This paper focuses on a practical application of protein-protein binding affinity measurement at low concentrations and minimal sample sizes (50-200 μl of 20-200 nM), which results in low signal measurement. A model simulating fluid ...
In this presentation we outline our recent work on Magnetic Liquids, and the great number of application areas these are used. Ferrofluids are nanometer sized magnetic particles, covered by a surfactant, suspended in a carrier medium compatible with the surfactant material. Ferrofluids are applicable to a great and ever increasing number of application areas, such as: • Liquid Seals and ...
Kinetic Investigation of a Mechanism for Generating Microstructures on Polycrystalline Substrates Using an Electroplating Process
T. Soares, H. Mozaffari, H. Reinecke
Universität Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau, BW, Germany
Hochschule Furtwangen, Tuttlingen, BW, Germany
The purpose of this study is to understand the growth mechanism of copper (Cu) films on a Cu-Zn system substrate with a pre-defined pattern. The pattern was defined by conducting a selective etching process on a two-phase polycrystalline substrate. As a result of this process, there were etched regions correspondent to beta-phase crystals and quasi non-etched regions that belong to alpha-phase ...
M. J. Hancock, N. H. Elabbasi, M. C. Demirel
Veryst Engineering, LLC., Needham, MA, USA
Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
Pumping liquids at small scales is challenging because of the principle of reversibility: in a viscous regime, the flow streamlines through a fixed geometry are the same regardless of flow direction. Recently we developed a class of microfluidic pump designs based on tilted flexible structures that combines the concepts of cilia (flexible elastic elements) and rectifiers (e.g., Tesla pump). We ...
K. Misiunas, N. Laohakunakorn, S. Ghosal, O. Otto, U. F. Keyser
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
The motion of DNA in crowded environments is a common theme in physics and biology. Examples include gel electrophoresis and the self-interaction of DNA within cells and viral capsids. Here we study the interaction of multiple DNA molecules within a nanopore by tethering the DNA to a bead held in a laser optical trap to produce a "molecular tug-of-war". We measure this tether force as a function ...
Dynamic Observation of Magnetic Particles in Continuous Flow Devices by Tunneling Magnetoresistance Sensors
A. Weddemann, A. Auge, F. Wittbracht, C. Albon, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
Dynamic measurement of magnetic particles in continuous flow devices is made very difficult by the limitations imposed by the sensors themselves. Thus, certain sensor layouts are restricted to either number sensitive or spatial resolutive measurements of magnetic particles. We investigate different new strategies to increase the detection threshold and introduce designs accomplishing both: ...
D.B. Carstensen, T.A. Christensen, and M. Willatzen
University of Southern Denmark
A surface acoustic wave (SAW) device consists of a piezoelectric material (or film) on which interdigitated transducers (IDT) are placed. Here, they are analyzed based on PZT-5H wurtzite ceramics and InSb zincblende crystals. In PZT-5H, it is possible to generate SAW’s by aligning the interdigitated transducers (IDT) with the crystal axes. In the case with InSb zincblende structures ...
Bruce A. Finlayson
University of Washington
This talk demonstrates the success in teaching chemical engineering undergraduates to use COMSOL Multiphysics (FEMLAB) to solve realistic problems in a project format. Undergraduates have been creative and solved problems much more difficult than those in their textbooks, thus gaining a deeper understanding of transport processes. Illustrations are also given how they check to see they’ve ...