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Modeling, Simulation, and Optimization of Piezoelectric Bimorph Transducer for Broadband Vibration Energy Harvesting in Multi-Beam and Trapezoidal Approach

N. Chen [1], V. Bedekar [1],
[1] Department of Engineering Technology, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, TN, USA

The objective of the research is to design a broadband energy harvester device through the multi-beam approach and non-linear trapezoidal geometry approach. The performance of two piezoelectric PZT-PZN polycrystalline ceramic composition samples are simulated in COMSOL Multiphysics®, and results are compared using series configuration of a bimorph energy harvester which vibrates near the its ...

Efficient Generation of Surface Plasmon Polaritons with Asymmetric Nano-structures

J. Chen
Peking University
China

This paper covers the following: * All-Optical Light Modulation of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) is achieved using asymmetric single nanoslits. A high on/off switching ratio of >20 dB and phase variation of >? were observed with the device lateral dimension of only about 2 ?m. * Efficient unidirectional excitation of SPP as well as beam splitting are achieved using the dielectric–film ...

MEMS Based Tactile Sensors for Robotic Surgery

V. Nivethitha[1], S. P. Rakavi[1], K. C. Devi[1]
[1]PSG College Of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

In this work, a piezoelectric tactile sensor will be designed and simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The sensor is designed in order to assess the pressure exerted on the human body while the robotic surgery is performed. The sensor consists of a rigid and compliant cylindrical element. A circular PDMS (Polydimethylsiloxane) film is sandwiched between the rigid cylinder and the base plate to ...

Near-Field of Resonating Piezoelectric Membrane Used as Ultrasound Transducer

V. Tzanov [1], J. Munoz [1], F. Torres [1], N. Barniol [1],
[1] Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain

Micro-machined ultrasound transducers have a wide range of applications. As a sensor or actuator they can be used for measuring fluid speed and direction, to mix and excite particles (sonication), for taking images (ultrasonography), for non-destructive testing and many other purposes in wide variety of fields. For this particular study, a simplified model of micro-machined piezoelectric ...

Thermomechanical Effects of the Packaging Molding Process on the Chip in Integrated Circuits - new

N. Semmar[1], M. Fournier[1], P. S. Alleaume [2], A. Seigneurin [3], , ,
[1]GREMI-UMR7344, CNRS/University of Orléans, Orléans, France
[2]Collegium Sciences et Techniques, Orléans, France
[3]ST Microelectronics Tours SAS, Tours, France

Usually, in integrated circuits, the chip is brazed on leadframe and then, a polymer resin is molded around to create the packaging. On the first hand, the molding process at high temperatures will induce thermomechanical stress on the chip. As the leadframe, the chip and the braze have all different thermoelastic properties, these stress can be critical for the chip connections. To ...

Study of Pull-In Voltage in MEMS Actuators

P. D. Hanasi[1], B. G. Sheeparamatti[1], B. B. Kirankumar[1]
[1]Basaveshwar Engineering College, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India

Micro cantilevers are the basic MEMS structures, which can be used both as sensors and actuators. The . The objective of this work is to study concept of pull-in voltage and how to reduce the same. Voltage is applied to upper cantilever beam and lower contact electrode is made as ground. By increasing common area between cantilever beam and contact electrode, and also by reducing thickness of ...

Thickness Optimization of a Piezoelectric Converter for Energy Harvesting

M. Guizzetti[1], V. Ferrari[1], D. Marioli[1], and T. Zawada[2]


[1]Dept. of Electronics for Automation, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy
[2]Meggitt, Ferroperm Piezoceramics A/S, Kvistgaard, Denmark

The conversion of mechanical energy from environmental vibrations into electrical energy is a key point for powering sensor nodes toward the development of autonomous sensor systems. Piezoelectric energy converters realized in a cantilever configuration are the most studied for this purpose. In order to improve the performances of the converter, the geometry has to be properly designed. In this ...

MEMS Comb Drive Gap Reduction Beyond Minimum Feature Size: A Computational Study

N. Osonwanne, and J.V. Clark
Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA

In this paper we present a method to reduce the comb drive gap in micro electro mechanical systems (MEMS) beyond the minimum fabrication feature size. The benefit of reducing the gap space between comb drive fingers is to increase its sensitivity to changes in capacitance due to displacements. The minimum feature size of standard fabrication foundries is 2 microns. To reduce the gap beyond a ...

Simulation of MEMS Based Pressure Sensor for Diagnosing Sleep Disorders

J. Vijitha[1], S. S. Priya[1], K. C. Devi[1]
[1]PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Sleep apnea is a type of sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing or instances of shallow or infrequent breathing during sleep. There is a need to diagnose sleep apnea since it leads to fluctuations in the oxygen level that in turn affect the heart rate and blood pressure. In order to detect this disorder, a Micro Electro Mechanical System (MEMS) based piezoelectric pressure sensor ...

Designing Piezoelectric Interdigitated Microactuators using COMSOL

O. Myers [1], M. Anjanappa [2], and C. Freidhoff [3]

[1] Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, USA
[2] University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD, USA
[3] Northrop Grumman Corporation, Electronics Systems Sector, Baltimore, MD, USA

This paper presents a methodology towards designing, analyzing and optimizing piezoelectric interdigitated microactuators using COMSOL Multiphysics. The models used in this study were based on a circularly interdigitated design that takes advantage of primarily the d33 electromechanical piezoelectric constant coefficient. Because of the symmetric nature of the devices, 2D axisymmetric models ...