B. A. Marmo , M. P. Snaith ,
 Xi Engineering Consultants, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
An electrostatic headphone includes many interrelated design elements that affect the frequency response of the headphone and the users listening experience. Xi Engineering Consultants (XI) partnered with Warwick Audio Technologies (WAT) to investigate the complex behavior of one-side electrostatic speakers. Xi developed a GUI that helped WAT engineers optimize their speaker using virtual tools ...
Dynamic Observation of Magnetic Particles in Continuous Flow Devices by Tunneling Magnetoresistance Sensors
A. Weddemann, A. Auge, F. Wittbracht, C. Albon, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
Dynamic measurement of magnetic particles in continuous flow devices is made very difficult by the limitations imposed by the sensors themselves. Thus, certain sensor layouts are restricted to either number sensitive or spatial resolutive measurements of magnetic particles. We investigate different new strategies to increase the detection threshold and introduce designs accomplishing both: ...
C. Grau Turuelo, B. Bergmann, C. Breitkopf
Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany
The void shape evolution of a trench patterned silicon substrate results in diverse cavities by varying initial conditions. The size and the arrangement of the initial trenches are decisive for the transformation process besides the annealing conditions which are, in fact, time and temperature, and the existing pressure values. The prediction of the shape evolution depending on different ...
R. Dufour , C. Wu, F. Bendriaa, V. Thomy, and V. Senez
BioMEMS Group, IEMN, University of Lille Nord de France, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
This paper presents an Analog to Digital Microfluidic Converter (ADMC) using passive valves and enabling the conversion of a continuous liquid flow into droplets for Electro-Wetting On Dielectric (EWOD) actuation. Valves calibration, geometry characteristics and losses reduction have been optimized using microfluidic application mode of COMSOL Multiphysics®.
N. Osonwanne, and J.V. Clark
Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
In this paper we present a method to reduce the comb drive gap in micro electro mechanical systems (MEMS) beyond the minimum fabrication feature size. The benefit of reducing the gap space between comb drive fingers is to increase its sensitivity to changes in capacitance due to displacements. The minimum feature size of standard fabrication foundries is 2 microns. To reduce the gap beyond a ...
Multiphysics and Simulation of MEMS based Bolometer for Detecting the Radiations in Nuclear Power Plants
K. Umapathi, S. Swetha, K. Ranjitha, K. Vinodh, K. Deebiga, R. Harisudarsan
United Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, TamilNadu, India
Sri Krishna College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
High performance micro sensors are important to detecting special nuclear materials radiations in different fields to save the globe. This paper is mainly focused on to develop a MEMS based bolometer for detecting the nuclear radiation to provide the high security in Nuclear power Plants. A thermally sensitive micro metal plate is designed and placed on a substrate through micro thermal link. ...
K. Suresh, B.V.M.P.S. Kumar, U.V. Kumar, M. Umapathy, and G. Uma
National Institute of Technology Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu, India
A proximity DC current sensor using of a piezo sensed and actuated cantilever beam with a permanent magnet mounted at its free end is designed and simulated in COMSOL Multiphysics. The change in resonant frequency of cantilever is a measure of the current through the wire. The sensor is found to be linear with good sensitivity.
E. Kamau, and F. Voigt
University of Oldenburg, Germany
Cantilever vibration modes were simulated with COMSOL Multiphysics. In the 1st approach the model consisted of an excitation piezo, a holder plate and a chip where the cantilever was mounted on. A sinusoidal voltage signal was applied to the piezo in the simulation, which resulted in movements of the holder plate and finally led to the excitation of the cantilever. In the 2nd approach the model ...
I.M. Abdel-Motaleb, J. Lavrencik 
Department of Electrical Engineering, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA
There is urgent need to monitor dental and oral diseases, such as tooth decay, gum diseases, and teeth grinding. Such monitoring can be achieved by embedding sensors in the mouth. This technique faces some difficulties. The first is how the power needed for the operation of the sensors and the associated electronic chips can be generated. This power can be generated using the pressure exerted by ...
L. Weber , L. Fromme , D. Zielke ,
 University of Applied Sciences Bielefeld, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Bielefeld, Germany
 University of Applied Sciences Bielefeld, Institute BIFAM, Bielefeld, Germany
Piezo buzzers, made of piezoelectric material glued on a brass plate, are usually used as signaler, but the buzzer can also be used to convert mechanical into electrical energy. If acceleration influences the buzzer, the structure is bent by its mass and a voltage can be measured between the connection pads. With a small, additional weight on the buzzer the useable electrical energy becomes ...