F. Lugli and F. Zerbetto
Department of Chemistry “G. Ciamician”, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
A small particle or a nano-sized object placed in a liquid is subject to random collisions with solvent molecules. The resulting erratic movement of the object is known as Brownian motion, which, in nature, cannot be used to any practical advantage both in natural systems (such as biomolecular motors) or by artificial devices. If energy is supplied by external source or by chemical reactions, ...
H. Sun, and F. Jamil
University of Massachusetts, Lowell
The micromixer is one of the important components of Lab-On-a-Chip, but where the molecular diffusion, which is often a slow process, limits the mixing efficiency of two or more streams due to the unique laminar flows in these micro scale devices. This paper studies a mixing concept based on a vibrating micro-plate in the microfluidic channels to achieve an efficient mixing ability. A ...
G. Soni, C. Meinhart, and T. Squires
University of California Santa Barbara
Induced Charge Electroosmosis (ICEO) refers to a fluid flow phenomenon in which an electric field induces a charge cloud (electric double layer) on a polarizable surface and sets up a tangential electric field to move this charge cloud along the surface, which in turn causes a fluid flow pattern. In our case, we considered nonlinear effects such as nonlinear capacitance, surface conduction, ...
Perspectives of Thermo-electro-mechanical Micro Actuators for Micro Switch Applications: Design and Simulation
M. Matmat, M. Al Ahmad, and J. Y. Fourniols
Laboratoire d'Analyse et d'Architecture des Systèmes (LAAS-CNRS), Toulouse, France
In this work, thermo-mechanical simulations employing a 3D finite element analysis (FEA) of a current driven V-shaped actuator is presented. The structure's hot arms consist of polysilicon, which was used as the active material for deflection due to the Joule effect.COMSOL Multiphysics with stationary and parametric solvers was used to calculate the resulting deflection when current is applied. ...
G. Soni, T. M. Squires, and C. D. Meinhart
University of California in Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
We present an experimental and numerical investigation of induced charge electroosmosis (ICEO) on a planar electrode surface directly in contact with a high conductivity electrolytic solution. Symmetric rolls of ICEO flow were produced on the electrode by placing it in an AC electric field. The slip velocity was measured for a range of AC voltages and frequencies using micro particle image ...
F. Wittbrach, A. Weddemann, A. Auge, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, Bielefeld University, Germany
It is possible to control the motion of magnetic beads using a combination of hydrodynamic and electromagnetic forces. In this work, we investigate the possibility to manipulate the motion of beads with different magnetic moments in a special microfluidic structure so as to separate them. We also experimentally prove that this structure is a suitable device to separate beads and show that ...
Computational Simulation of Electrohydrodynamic Systems Pertaining to Micro and Nano scale Fluid Flow Phenomenon
M. Seiler, and B. Kirby
Department of Engineering Physics, Cornell
University, NY, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Cornell
University, NY, USA
Modeling of 3D AC electro-osmotic pumps is relevant to the creation of portable or implantable lab-on-a-chip devices for mm/s tunable fluid flows attainable with battery scale voltages. In this analysis using COMSOL Multiphysics we investigate the modeling challenges of computationally calculating systems of fluid flow phenomena governed by AC Electroosmosis in the micro and nano scale regimes.
Design and Optimization of an All Optically Driven Phase Correction MEMS Deformable Mirror Device using Finite Element Analysis
V. Mathur, K. Anglin, V.S. Prasher, K. Termkoa, S.R. Vangala, X. Qian, J. Sherwood, W.D. Goodhue, B. Haji-Saeed, and J. Khoury
Photonics Center, University of Massachusetts-Lowell, Lowell, Massachusetts, USA
Air Force Research Laboratory/Sensors Directorate, Hanscom Air Force Base, Massachusetts, USA
Optically addressable MEMS mirrors are required for future high density adaptive optics array systems. We have demonstrated a novel technique of achieving this by actuating low stress Silicon Nitride micro mirrors via cascaded wafer bonded Gallium Arsenide photo detectors on Gallium Phosphide. In the work reported here, we discuss the key design parameters of the device, and present the finite ...
K. Suresh, B.V.M.P.S. Kumar, U.V. Kumar, M. Umapathy, and G. Uma
National Institute of Technology Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu, India
A proximity DC current sensor using of a piezo sensed and actuated cantilever beam with a permanent magnet mounted at its free end is designed and simulated in COMSOL Multiphysics. The change in resonant frequency of cantilever is a measure of the current through the wire. The sensor is found to be linear with good sensitivity.
H. Lee, and J.V. Clark
Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
In this paper we present a method to mitigate the effect of thermally-induced noise in Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) through a force feedback circuit. Inherent noise-induced vibrations, which would be inconsiderable in macro scale, are considered as a limitation in micro- and nano- scale since it diminishes the high performance of MEMS devices. For instance, depending on the stiffness ...