D. Guo, A. McGaughey, G. Fedder, M. Lee, and S. Yao
Carnegie Mellon University
Micro-scale devices based on the Stirling cycle are an attractive choice for chip- and board-level electronics. A new Stirling cycle micro-refrigeration system composed of arrays of silicon MEMS cooling elements has been designed. COMSOL is used to evaluate the thermal performance of the system. Simulation of compressible flow and heat transfer with a large deformed mesh has been successfully ...
R. Tosh, and H. Chen-Mayer
Accurate metrology of radiotherapeutic absorbed dose to water requires assessing the radiation induced temperature change. The most direct method for doing this is water calorimetry, for which the established technique involves the use of slender thermistor probes that are sealed within a glass vessel containing high-purity water. The probes and vessel perturb the radiation field, via ...
B. Chinè , M. Monno
Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
Instituto Tecnologico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica
Introduction: In metal foams production, nucleated gas bubbles expand in a heated metal in a mold, then the foam cool and solidify. Thereby energy, mass and momentum transfer mechanisms are present simultaneously in the system and must be taken into account. Metal foam (Figure 1) can be obtained by foaming a precursor, i.e. a mixing of aluminum (Al) powders with the blowing agent TiH2, placing it ...
X. Xu, T. Patel, R.W. Hoyt
U.S. Army Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA, USA
A human torso model was created for heat transfer analysis. The torso was derived from the ‘Virtual Family’ whole-body voxel data from the ITIS Foundation (Zurich, Switzerland). Measurements were taken from the ITIS male along the axial plane at key anatomical landmarks and used to develop geometry in Solidworks. Individual components were created to represent the skin, fat, muscle, and bone ...
Y. Patil, D. Krishnan, S. S. Khirwadkar
Institute for plasma research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
Divertor is act as an exhaust for the nuclear fusion reactor. Main function of a divertor is to remove the heat flux from the plasma. Plasma facing components of the divertor are made up of Carbon (Graphite/CFC) and tungsten like materials. Hence these materials are exposed to the transient heat loads up to 10MW/m^2. Thermo mechanical behavior of Graphite test mock-up under the transient heat ...
Use of Simulation in the Development of Next-generation Measurement Standards for Radiation Dosimetry
R. E. Tosh, H. Chen-Mayer
NIST, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
Calibration of field instruments used in radiation treatment clinics is currently traceable to NIST primary standards via protocols involving static, flat-field radiation beams. By contrast, radiation beams prescribed for treating cancer incorporate temporal and spatial modulation strategies in order to maximize dose to the tumor while sparing healthy tissue. Differences in the detector ...
Estimativa do Fluxo de Calor em uma Ferramenta de Corte Durante um Processo de Usinagem com o Uso do Software COMSOL Multiphysics® e de Técnicas de Problemas Inversos - new
R. F. Brito, S. R. de Carvalho, S. M. M. de L. e Silva
Federal University of Itajubá - UNIFEI, Itabira, Minas Gerais, Brasil
Federal University of Uberlândia - UFU, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brasil
This work proposes the use of inverse problem techniques in connection with COMSOL to estimate the heat flux and the temperature field on a turning cutting tool in transient regime. The main purpose of the present work is to present the improvements performed in relation to the authors’ previous work to develop the complex geometry of a machining process. Specification function, which is an ...
Improving Heating Uniformity of Dried Fruit in RF Treatments for Pest Control: Model Development and Validation - new
B. Alfaifi, J. Tang, Y. Jiao, S. Wang, B. Rasco, S. Jiao, S. Sablani
King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Washington State University, Pullman, WA, USA
Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, China
Non-uniform heating is one of the most important challenges during the development of radio frequency (RF) heat treatments for pest control. A computer simulation model using finite element–based COMSOL Multiphysics® software was developed to investigate the heating uniformity of raisins packed in a rectangular plastic container and treated using RF heating. The developed model was then ...
Ramirez, J.C., Cristea, P., Stan, M.
Materials Science & Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory
The nuclear reaction is modeled as a uniformly distributed volumetric heat source. All heat is conducted from the fuel towards the outer surface of the cladding. A number of results are presented.
Effects of the Film Thickness on the Transient Conjugate Opticalthermal Fields in Thin Films Irradiated by Moving Sources in Back and Front Treatments
N. Bianco, O. Manca, S.Nardini, and D. Ricci
DETEC, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
DIAM, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Aversa, CE, Italy
A two dimensional transient analysis of the conjugate optical-thermal fields induced in a multilayer thin film structure by a moving Gaussian laser source is carried out numerically in order to compare back and front laser treatment processes. Thermal and optical nonlinearity is induced during transient heating, since the response of weakly absorbing thin films depends on temperature. The heat ...