R. Kiflemariam, M. Almaz, F. Zevallos, C. Lin
Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
A 2D transient heat conduction model was created in COMSOL Multiphysics® software to study the performance of photovoltaic-thermal (PVT) water system. The model captures the variation of important environmental and system parameters such as outside temperature, solar irradiation, air velocity and temperature. The model has a good agreement with experimental data for the photovoltaic cell ...
M. Rohne , A. Schlott , V. Pacheco , J. Meinert ,
 Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials IFAM, Branch Lab Dresden, Dresden, Germany
Thermoelectric generators (TEG) use Seebeck’s effect to directly convert heat into electricity. TEG represent, therefore, a promising option for energy harvesting of waste heat, for example in car exhaust systems. To investigate the dynamic behavior of high temperature TEG, a test facility was numerically designed and finally constructed. Transient thermal simulations were performed in order to ...
李勇 , 方晖 ,
定量分析生物颗粒形态的变化可以为疾病诊断提供依据。例如血红细胞形态的变化常常会伴随有相应的血液疾病，细胞的癌变常常伴随有细胞核形态的变化等等。无标记的光学显微成像技术已经可以对生物颗粒的尺度和形状进行直接测量。光声显微成像技术(PAM)利用生物颗粒固有的吸光本领，已经可以对单个生物颗粒（如细胞和细胞器）进行成像。 最近，光声流式仪(the photoacoustic flow-cytometry)已经实现了对单个生物颗粒进行连续检测。然而，为了在大量的生物颗粒中快速检测生物颗粒的形貌，最好的方法是并非对其进行直接成像，而是采用高频光声显微技术，它的分辨率来源于实际测量与光声功率谱的分析。 光声功率谱分析需要通过计算建模来获取。我们使用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 有限元分析软件的声学模块用来建模 MFC7 细胞核的光声功率谱 ...
A. Pellegrini, A. Beucci, and F. Costa
ALTRAN Italia, Pisa, Italy
In this paper a methodology for calculating the infrared signature of complex objects is presented. The transient thermal analysis allows us to evaluate the temperature distribution on the investigated object, pointing out which parts tend to be warmer. These temperature values are handled in the post processing phase in order to evaluate the zero range radiance distribution and the radiance of ...
Optimization of Thermal Properties Identification of Complex Thin Films Using MATLAB® and COMSOL Multiphysics
N. Semmar, B. Wane
GREMI, UMR7344, CNRS-University of Orleans, Orléans Cedex 2, France
The importance of laser processing and thermal properties investigation of bulk materials and thin layers is still increasing. For thermal properties investigation many experimental systems were developed based on the photothermal effect. One of typical ways is to induce a rapid surface temperature increase is to use a pulsed laser beam, create a simplified model of this interaction, and compare ...
T. Gulati, A. Datta
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
When rice is subjected to intense heating, it results in rapid evaporation of liquid water to vapor. As a consequence, large pressures are generated within the kernel in a span of 15s resulting in large volume changes causing the kernel to puff rapidly. Under suitable conditions, the ratio of initial volume to volume after puffing could be as high as 10. Rice puffing process is a complex ...
Heat Transfer Modelling of Single High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell (HT PEFC) Using COMSOL Multiphysics®
Centre for Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Research, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom
In this paper a 3D geometry of a single HT PEFC with all the components (membrane, cathode, anode & bipolar plate with flow field) was modelled for heat transfer. The source of heat within the fuel cell is the internal heat generated from electrochemical reactions. Heat source terms used in the model are: Joule Heat - Occurs in membrane and modelled as Volumetric heat source Irreversible ...
Modeling of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer During a Steam-Thermolysis Process for Recycling Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer
A. Oliveira Nunes, Y. Soudais, R. Barna, A. Bounacer, Y. Yang
Centre RAPSODEE - Ecole des Mines d'Albi, Albi, France
Different types of technologies to recycle carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) waste have been studied, for example: pyrolysis, solvolysis and steam-thermolysis. The steam-thermolysis is a process that combines pyrolysis and superheated steam at atmospheric pressure to decompose the organic matrix of the composite. The waste is introduced into a bench-scale reactor heated at high temperatures ...
O. Rouaud, T. Pham
LUNAM Université, ONIRIS, CNRS, GEPEA, UMR, Nantes, France
University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
A mathematical model is developed to determine the weight loss and the freezing rate during the freezing of unwrapped foodstuffs. The model allows comparing two freezing processes; the first uses nitrogen gas at -80°C and the second uses cold air. The model includes thermophysical properties that are temperature dependent to take into account the ice formation. The time step has to be chosen ...
S. Singh, N. Baheti, A. Tiwari
Institute of Engineering & Science, IPS Academy, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India
Spray drying is a common drying technique in food industries to convert liquid to powder form. A good understanding on the dynamic behavior of the process is important to ensure proper control. The aim of this study is to develop empirical models for spray drying of whole milk powder and orange juice powder. A preliminary study on the effect of several inputs such as inlet air temperature, feed ...