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Simulation of the Temperature Profile During Welding with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Using Rosenthal's Approach - new

A. Lecoanet[1], D. G. Ivey[1], H. Henein[1]
[1]Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

A 3D finite element analysis is carried out, using COMSOL® software, to reproduce the thermal profile obtained with Rosenthal’s equation. The implemented heat transfer equation has been modified as a means to approximate Rosenthal’s solution. An analysis of the differences between the simulation and Rosenthal’s solution, when the geometry of the domain and the source are changed, has been ...

Modeling of Transport Phenomena in Laser Welding of Steels

A. Métais [1], S. Matteï [2], I. Tomashchuk [2], S. Gaied [1]
[1] ArcelorMittal, Montataire, France
[2] Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne, Université Bourgogne Franche Comté, France

Laser Welded Blank solutions enable to reduce vehicles weight and to optimize their crash performances by means of simultaneous tuning of different grades and thicknesses. The present work aims to characterize numerically and experimentally materials mixing during laser welding. For better understanding of materials mixing based on convection-diffusion process in case of full penetrated laser ...

A Practical Method to Model Complex Three-Dimensional Geometries with Non-Uniform Material Properties Using Image-based Design and COMSOL Multiphysics®

J. Cepeda[1], S. Birla[2], J. Subbiah[2], H. Thippareddi[1]
[1]Department of Food Science & Technology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
[2]Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA

Geometries with heterogeneous material properties are typically defined as a set of multiple parts, each part representing a different material. However, assembling or defining the individual parts of complex geometries can be difficult. A practical method based on image-based mesh generation, a custom algorithm for labeling materials, and interpolation functions of COMSOL Multiphysics® can be ...

Topology Optimization of Thermal Heat Sinks

J. H. K. Haertel [1], K. Engelbrecht [1], B. S. Lazarov [2], O. Sigmund [2],
[1] Technical University of Denmark, Roskilde, Denmark
[2] Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lynby, Denmark

1. Introduction The topology optimization method is becoming increasingly popular as a design tool for multiphysics systems [1,2]. Topology optimization of fluid-thermal systems has been presented for example in [3] for forced convective heat transfer and in [4] for natural convection problems. In this work, topology optimization including density filtering and projection is applied to ...

A Study on Hydrodynamics of Melt Expulsion in Pulsed Nd: YAG Laser Drilling of Titanium

S. Sharma [1], Y. Pachuary [2], S. N. Akhtar [3], J. Ramkumar [1],
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, India
[2] Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Jabalpur, India
[3] Integral University, Lucknow, India

Laser drilling of titanium and its alloys is widely used in aerospace industry, as it offers selective removal of material at high accuracy and speed. However, laser drilling often inherits defects such as large heat affected zone, micro cracks and recast layer. These defects depend upon complex melting and solidification phenomena happening due to interaction of high-intensity laser with the ...

Modeling Convection during Melting of a Phase Change Material

D. Groulx, and R. Murray
Mechanical Engineering
Dalhousie University
Halifax, NS
Canada

COMSOL Multiphysics can be used to model a latent heat energy storage system. A 2D numerical study was performed to simulate melting of a PCM including both conduction and convective heat transfer. The heat transfer in fluids and laminar flow physics interfaces were used. To model natural convection, proper volume force was applied to the PCM. The viscosity was input as a piecewise, continuous ...

Modeling a DC Plasma Torch with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

Bruno Chine' [1], Manuel Francisco Mata [2], Ivan Vargas [3],
[1] School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
[2] School of Electromechanics Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
[3] School of Physics, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica

Plasma torches are used in processing of materials and in energy industry for producing plasma. In a non-transferred arc plasma torch, an electric arc can be glowed by applying a direct current (DC) between the cathode and anode, both placed inside the torch. Then, the plasma (Fig. 1) is obtained by heating, ionizing and expanding a working gas, introduced into the chamber of the torch upstream ...

Single-Phase Modeling in Microchannel with Piranha Pin Fin

X. Yu [1], C. Woodcock [1], Y. Peles [2], J. Plawsky [1],
[1] Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
[2] University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA

Microchannel has shown potential to dissipate high heat flux in past years [1][2]. At the same time, liquid cooling attracts more and more attention from researchers for its favorable thermal properties and ability to cool down hot and keep acceptable system temperature [3][4][5]. This work aims at modeling single-phase and two-phase flow boiling heat transfer and fluid flow with COMSOL ...

Thermo-fluiddynamic Modeling of Laser Beam-Matter Interaction in Selective Laser Melting

K.-H. Leitz [1], P. Singer [1], A. Plankensteiner [1], B. Tabernig [1], H. Kestler [1], L. S. Sigl [1],
[1] Plansee SE, Reutte, Austria

Selective Laser Melting (SLM) offers great potential for future manufacturing technology. In order to extend its applicability for the processing of high melting materials like molybdenum fundamental process understanding is required. This can be obtained by multiphysical simulations that allow a look into the process. In this contribution a thermo-fluiddynamical simulation model for laser beam ...

Enthalpy Porosity Method for CFD Simulation of Natural Convection Phenomenon for Phase Change Problems in the Molten Pool and its Importance during Melting of Solids

Priyanshu Goyal[1], Anu Dutta[1], V.Verma[1], I. Thangamani[1], R.K. Singh[1]
[1]Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India

Shielded transportation casks are commonly used for transportation and storage of radioactive waste materials. Design approval of such casks by regulatory authority is subject to its compliance with a thermal test (among other tests) Due to exposure of cask to fire , there is a possibility of melting of the shielding material (lead) used for the cask and need to evaluate extent of melting. ...