C. K. C. Arruda , A. A. Silveira , L. C. R. Vieira , F. C. Dart ,
 CEPEL, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
High Voltage Direct Current transmission (HVDC) is a suitable alternative for long distance transmission. During the years, the use of this technology has been increasing, which is one of the several reasons to improve methodologies in HVDC grounding systems. Unlike the usual approach in AC, a HVDC grounding system is distinguished by its operating procedures, which is, when it is configured ...
The Use of COMSOL Multiphysics® Software to Explore Flooding and Rising Dampness Problems Related to Cultural Heritage
H.L. Schellen , A.W.M. van Schijndel ,
 Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands
In The Netherlands rising dampness problems due to flooding of rivers and high groundwater levels form an essential treat for monumental buildings and heritage. A number of cases exists where rising dampness problems lead to the deterioration of wall finishes but also of valuable wall paintings in churches and castles. To explore the problem and to look for solutions like drying regimes, ...
Submarine Gas Hydrate Reservoir Simulations - A Gas/Liquid Fluid Flow Model for Gas Hydrate Containing Sediments - new
S. Schlüter, T. Hennig, G. Janicki, G. Deerberg
Fraunhofer UMSICHT, Oberhausen, Germany
In the medium term, gas hydrate reservoirs in the subsea sediment are intended as deposits for carbon dioxide (CO2) from fossil fuel consumption. This idea is supported by the fact, that CO2 hydrates are more stable than methane hydrates at certain conditions. The potential of producing methane by depressurization and/or by injecting CO2 is studied in the frame of the research project SUGAR. ...
M. S. Valavanides , E. D. Skouras , A. N. Kalarakis , V. N. Burganos ,
 TEI Athens, Athens, Greece
 FORTH/ICE-HT, Patras, Greece
 TEI of Western Greece, Patras, Greece
Relative permeability maps for steady-state two-phase flow in porous media, delivered by implementing the DeProF model  algorithm, were integrated within COMSOL Multiphysics® software  to resolve field-scale flows in porous media. The mechanistic model DeProF , predicts the relative permeability of oil and water in terms of the capillary number, Ca, the oil/water flowrate ratio, r, ...
E. Dagher, G. Su, T. S. Nguyen
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, Ottawa, ON, Canada
COMSOL® software was used to simulate the conductive heat transfer with phase change in the geological formations encompassed in permafrost surrounding a shallow thaw lake. The purpose of the simulation was to verify the adequacy of COMSOL to model such phenomena by comparing the COMSOL results to those obtained by another FEM model (Ling and Zhang, 2003). The graphical comparison of the ...
R. Eze , G. Sivulka , ,
 City University of New York - LaGuardia Community College, Long Island City, NY, USA
 Regis High School, New York, NY, USA
The detection, characterization, and classification of underground environmental hazardous objects [mines, IEDs, and other unexploded military hardware] is a worldwide problem that needs urgent attention and solution. While electromagnetic sensor technologies have been applied to identify these hazards, increasingly low dielectric contrast between newer, sophisticated landmines, and complex ...
Simulating Hydraulic Fracturing and Contaminant Transport with MATLAB® and COMSOL Multiphysics® Software
D. W. Pepper , E. Nabizadeh , J. Waters ,
 University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV, USA
 Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA
Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, is a technique used to extract oil and gas in shale rock. A mixture of water, sand, and chemicals are pumped into the well at high pressures to keep the fissures open, which allows the gas to flow. Although intermediate casings are inserted into the well to prevent the fracturing fluid or oil or gas from entering the water supply at the ground water layer ...
L. Liu, W.J. Lin, H.L. Zhang
State Key Laboratory of Acoustics, Institute of Acoustics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
In this paper, we use the PDE interface of COMSOL Multiphysics® software to implement the 2.5D frequency wave-number domain method to investigate the wave propagation in a deviated borehole penetrating a transversely isotropic formation. A convolutional perfectly matched layer is realized to eliminate the reflections from the artificial truncation boundary. With this method, we can obtain the ...
Georg-August University, Göttingen, Germany
Energy piles, i.e. heat exchangers located within the foundation piles of buildings, are used for heating of cooling purposes. Although the absolute values of deformations and temperature gradients are low or moderate, the entire setting can be influenced by thermo-hydro-mechanical coupling. The fluctuating thermal regime may affect the deformation of pile and surrounding ground as effect of ...
Á. Sainz [1,2], A. Nardi , E. Abarca , F. Grandía 
 Amphos 21 Consulting S.L., Barcelona, Spain
 Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France
Nowadays, gas and nuclear waste storage, shale gas and EOR exploitation rise the need to understand and predict the fate of multiphase flows in the underground. Various formulations for multiphase flow arise from different linear combinations of governing equations and choice of associated unknowns. Each formulation has its own benefits and drawbacks; and the optimal may vary depending on the ...