R. Caulk, J. McCartney, E. Ghazanfari
University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA
University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
In this study, a model of in-situ geothermal energy piles was constructed using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. Geothermal energy piles serve two purposes, first to transfer building load into the subsurface, but also to extract thermal heat from surrounding soils. This is achieved using a heat pump coupled with embedded heat exchangers. As a result, a multiphysics problem is introduced - heat ...
Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
Although there are porous media and subsurface flow modes available in a toolbox of COMSOL Multiphysics®, some common requirements in hydrogeological models can not be easily accessed in the graphical user interface. Most crucially, there is no distinction between confined and unconfined situations for permeable layers, so called aquifers. Using the Physics Builder for such distinctions aquifer ...
B. Hagemann, J. Wegner, L. Ganzer
Clausthal University of Technology, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany
In tight gas formations where the low matrix permeability prevents successful and economic production rates, hydraulic fracturing is required to produce a well at economic rates. As production from the well and its initial fracture declines, re-fracturing treatments are required to accelerate recovery. The orientation of the following hydraulic fracture depends on the actual stress-state of the ...
Fracture-Matrix Flow Partitioning and Cross Flow: Numerical Modeling of Laboratory Fractured Core Flood
R. Sanaee, G.F. Oluyemi, M. Hossain, B.M. Oyeneyin
Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
The contrast between hydro-mechanical behavior of the rock matrix and fracture network systems results in flow partitioning between fracture and matrix systems which is affected by the In-situ stress regime. Fracture flow, Darcy law and free and porous media flow physics interfaces of COMSOL were used in simulating a fractured core flooding test to achieve a better understanding of flow ...
L. Liu, W.J. Lin, H.L. Zhang
State Key Laboratory of Acoustics, Institute of Acoustics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
In this paper, we use the PDE interface of COMSOL Multiphysics® software to implement the 2.5D frequency wave-number domain method to investigate the wave propagation in a deviated borehole penetrating a transversely isotropic formation. A convolutional perfectly matched layer is realized to eliminate the reflections from the artificial truncation boundary. With this method, we can obtain the ...
R. Nopper, J. Clark, C. Miller
DuPont Company, Wilmington, DE, USA
DuPont Company, Beaumont, TX, USA
Stress and failure in the earth have long been observed to couple to hydrogeology. Poroelastic models, introduced by soil scientists, can account for strong two-way coupling between porous crustal rock formations and their pore fluids. Current efforts to provide new energy resources (water injection in EGS, enhanced oil recovery) and to reduce pollution (CO2 sequestration, deepwell disposal) ...
E. Dagher, G. Su, T. S. Nguyen
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, Ottawa, ON, Canada
COMSOL® software was used to simulate the conductive heat transfer with phase change in the geological formations encompassed in permafrost surrounding a shallow thaw lake. The purpose of the simulation was to verify the adequacy of COMSOL to model such phenomena by comparing the COMSOL results to those obtained by another FEM model (Ling and Zhang, 2003). The graphical comparison of the ...
Georg-August University, Göttingen, Germany
Energy piles, i.e. heat exchangers located within the foundation piles of buildings, are used for heating of cooling purposes. Although the absolute values of deformations and temperature gradients are low or moderate, the entire setting can be influenced by thermo-hydro-mechanical coupling. The fluctuating thermal regime may affect the deformation of pile and surrounding ground as effect of ...
S. Bersan, C. Jommi, A. Koelewijn, P. Simonini
University of Padua, Padua, Italy
Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
Deltares, Delft, The Netherlands
Piping is a kind of internal erosion that occurs under water retaining structures lying on a sandy soil. In an attempt to reproduce the growth of erosion channels in sand, a small scale physical model has been set up in the laboratory and a finite element model that reproduces the physical model has been developed. This paper presents the comparison among modeling strategies, from which emerged ...
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA
During the hydraulic fracturing process, there can be possible re-activation of closed/sealed faults and natural fractures in the formation, which may lead to changes in the boundary conditions of the reservoir. While study models of shale gas formations have utilized the concept of a closed reservoir in order to optimize the production of gas in the well-bore, this assumption cannot be adopted ...