Artigos Técnicos e Apresentações

Aqui você encontrará apresentações realizadas nas Conferências de Usuários COMSOL de todo o mundo. As apresentações englobam pesquisas e produtos inovadores feitas por engenheiros e cientistas usando o COMSOL Multiphysics. Os tópicos abramgem uma grande gama de indústrias e aplicações, como elétrica, mecânica, escoamento e química. Use a função de busca "Quick Search" para encontrar apresentações na sua área de interesse.

Three Dimensional Numerical Study of the Interaction of Turbulent Liquid Metal Flow with an External Magnetic Field

G. Pulugundla[1], M. Zec[2], and A. Alferenok[3]
[1]Institute of Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics, Ilmenau University of Technology, Ilmenau, Germany
[2]Department of Advanced Electromagnetics, Ilmenau University of Technology, Ilmenau, Germany
[3]Electrothermal Energy Conversion Group, Ilmenau University of Technology, Ilmenau, Germany

Lorentz Force Velocimetry (LFV) is a non-contact measurement technique used to determine flow rates in electrically conducting fluids by exposing the flow to an external magnetic field and measuring the Lorentz force acting on the magnet system. Typically, for LFV applications real and complex permanent magnet systems with inhomogeneous magnetic fields interact with the fluid. In this paper, ...

Modeling of Coupled Fluid Flow and Shear-induced Solidification Kinetics in Rheocasting of Aluminium Alloys

G. Maizza, and G. Lorenzatto
Politecnico di Torino
Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica
Torino, Italy

The model proposed by Schneider et al., for polymers is herein adapted in order to assess its suitability in elucidating the thixotropic behavior of aluminum alloys. The COMSOL Multiphysics program is employed to solve the inherent coupled mathematical problem, consisting in the kinetic ordinary differential equations and the momentum and energy transport partial differential equations. The ...

A Coulomb Stress Model to Simulate Induced Seismicity Due to Fluid Injection and Withdrawal in Deep Boreholes

G. Perillo[1], G. De Natale[2], C. Troise[2], A. Troiano[2], M.G. Di Giuseppe[2], A. Tramelli[2]
[1]University of Naples Parthenope, Naples, Italy
[2]INGV, Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples, Italy

Fluid injection and withdrawal in deep wells is a basic procedure in mining activities and deep resources exploitation, i.e. oil and gas extraction, geothermal exploitation, geothermal permeability enhancement and waste ?uid disposal. All these activities have the potential to induce seismicity, as dramatically demonstrated by the 2006 Basilea earthquake of magnitude ML=3.4. The mechanism of ...

Assessment of Anterior Spinal Artery Blood Flow following Spinal Cord Injury

M. Alshareef[1], A. Alshareef[2], V. Krishna[3], M. Kindy[3], T. Shazly[4]
[1]College of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
[2]Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
[3]Department of Neurosurgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
[4]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA

The incidence of spinal cord injury (SCI) in the US is approximately 12,000 individuals annually, due to various forms of trauma and disease. Diminished flow over a prolonged period of time can cause permanent spinal damage. We constructed a 3D finite element model of the spinal cord to examine the role of compressive loading on spinal blood flow. It was found that the type of forces on the ...

Improvements on Liquid Cyclotron Target Loading/Unloading System Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

F. Alrumayan[1], A. Alghaith[1], J. Schneider, [1], M. Ahmed [1], M. Al-Qahtani[1]
[1]King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

A 3D model was developed using COMSOL Multiphysics® to study the flow dynamics of the water inside the geometry of the [13N] Ammonia target for medical application . The image attached shows a 3D model of the target. A significant improvement was noted after modifying the geometry as suggested by the model and delivery time of radioactive solution was dramatically reduced. Water and aluminum ...

Thermo-fluid Dynamics Modelling of Hydrogen Absorption and Desorption in a LaNi4.8Al0.2 Hydride Bed

D. Baldissin[1] and D. Lombardo[1]
[1]Compumat S.r.l., Torino, Italy

A two-dimensional mathematical model for the absorption and desorption of H2 in LaNi4.8Al0.2 was developed and experimentally validated. The model is composed of an energy balance, a mass balance and a momentum balance. These differential equations are numerically solved by means of the finite element method using the software COMSOL Multiphysics®. From a comparison between theoretical ...

Bio-Effluents Tracing in Ventilated Aircraft Cabins

G. Petrone[1], L. Cammarata[1], and G. Cammarata[1]
[1]Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, University of Catania, Catania, Italy

Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) are issues of very high interest, determining comfortable conditions for occupants and no-contaminated local atmosphere. The aircraft cabins are more confined and have a higher occupant density than other indoor environments such as offices or residential houses. The passengers and the crew share a closed and ventilated cabin, which brings potential risk ...

Studying Transition Flows for Low Prandtl Number Fluids

H. Jamai[1], A. Elamari[1], M. El Ganaoui[2], F.S. Oueslati[1], B. Pateyron [2], and H. Sammouda[3]
[1]LETTM, Département of physics, F.S.T, Tunisie
[2]SPCTS UMR CNRS, Faculte of Sciences, Limoges, France
[3]ESST-H., Sousse, Tunisie

COMSOL Multiphysics is offering an important alternative to home codes for modeling and simulation of complex problems with including coupled effects on heat and mass transfer. The present work focuses on low Prandtl number fluid melts subject to symmetry breaking and transition to unsteady regimes. These configurations are for practical interest in crystal growth industry, namely the Bridgman ...

Error Analysis in Estimating Temperature-Dependent Thermal Diffusivity and Kinetic Parameters using Heat Penetration Data

K.D. Dolan[1,2], A.R. Sommerlot[1], and D.K. Mishra[1]
[1]Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
[2]Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA

Growing consumer demand for nutraceuticals has stimulated interest by food companies to increase levels of these health-promoting compounds. Thermal processing of canned foods in a retort produces a unique problem: some of the nutraceuticals are highly sensitive to temperature, and require accurate parameter estimates to predict their fate during processing. Error in temperature measurement due ...

Modeling an Oscillating Water Foil for Hydro-kinetic Power Generator Using COMSOL 3.5a

R. Kallenberg[1], R. Han[2], and J. Cherry[2]
[1]Kallenberg Enterprises, Fairbanks, AK, USA
[2]University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

The research team has devised and patented an oscillating, hydro-kinetic power-generating device for use in river and tidal environments. The interaction of water and the designed foil in a straight rectangular turbulent channel is modeled explicitly using two conservation laws: conservation of momentum and conservation of mass. The incompressible Navier-Stokes application mode in COMSOL 3.5a is ...

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