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Design Of A Flat Membrane Module For Fouling And Permselectivity Studies

J.M. Gozalvez-Zafrilla, and A. Santafe-Moros
Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain

Flat membrane modules are widely used to study the membrane performance at the laboratory which is influenced by pressure and velocity. Most modules designed for laboratory studies have high pressure drop and abrupt changes of flow direction what yield to lack of uniform flow and pressure uncertainty over the membrane surface. With the aim to minimize these drawbacks, we developed a new module ...

Simulation of Planar Wave Flagellar Propulsion of Nanorobots using COMSOL

N. Londhe, R. Majumdar, J. Rathore, and N. Sharma
Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
Birla Institute of Technology and Science
Pilani, Rajasthan
India

Nanorobots may be used in the advancement of medical technology, healthcare, and environment monitoring by swimming in biological fluids flowing in narrow channels of a few hundred nanometers in the area of bio-medical engineering. The pronounced effects in nanometer scale such as increased apparent viscosity and low Reynolds number make the designing of propulsion mechanism a challenging ...

Hydro-Mechanical Modelling of Infiltration Test for a Bentonite-Sand Mixture: Model Verification and Parameter Identification

M. Hasal[1], R. Hrtus[1], Z. Michalec[1], R. Blaheta[1]
[1]Institute of Geonics AS CR, Ostrava, Czech Republic

The first aim of our work is to create a hydro-mechanical model (HM) of unsaturated fluid flow in bentonite-sand mixture (BSM) MX-80. The second aim is to validate and calibrate the developed model by using the data from a laboratory infiltration test of BSM. The used multi-physics model combines Richards type unsaturated flow with diffusive vapour flow and (nonlinear) elastic response of the ...

Pneumo-Hydrodynamic Droplet Generation

V. Mamet [1], P. Namy [2], N. Berri [1], L. Tatoulian [1], P. Ehouarn [1], V. Briday [1], P. Clemenceau [2], B. Dupont [1]
[1] DBV Technologies, Bagneux, France
[2] SIMTEC, Grenoble, France

Introduction Droplet-based microfluidics is a large source of research for scientists of new biotechnologies, aerosols or other 2D-Microfluidics devices. Here, we will focus on an industrial application of a 3D microfluidic device : the PH2DG, Pneumo-HydroDynamic Droplet Generator. The aim of the process is to produce mono-disperse, regular pattern of droplets, with a minimum size. To use it in ...

Numerical Simulation of Auto-Propulsion Mechanism of Microorganism Inside a Microchannel

S. Patra [1], A. Dalal [1], G. Biswas [1], S. Shah [2]
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, Assam, India
[2] Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

The present study manifests the several ground breaking flow phenomena arising out of hydrodynamic interactions between two microorganisms swimming inside a microchannel with close proximity. The results theorized in the present investigation scrutinizes the varying behavior of the bacteria while moving inside a micro-capillary at different Reynolds number (Re). At high Re, the two swimming ...

Use of COMSOL In Aerodynamic Optimization of the UNLV Solar-Powered Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

L. Dube, W. McElroy, and D. Pepper

University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA

We discuss the use of COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4 in the aerodynamic optimization process of the UNLV solarpowered UAV. We also address the use of COMSOL’s Multiphysics ability and how it was used within the scope of the project. In particular we highlight the development of wingtip devices, some of which are non-planar lifting surfaces, and we analyze how these changes affect the airframe ...

Mathematical Modeling Of Traveling-Wave Electroosmotic Micropumps By Using Of The Weak Form

J. Hrdlicka, P. Cervenka, and D. Snita
Institute of Chemical Technology Prague, Prague, Czech Republic

This contribution is devoted to the mathematical modeling of the AC electroosmotic micropumps in COMSOL Multiphysics and Matlab. The mathematical model involves the microchannel surroundings and several AC-voltage driving modes. The weak form has been used for handling singularities and other problems. The system dynamic behavior and conditions at the phase interfaces will be discussed.

Hydrodynamics of Lake Victoria: Vertically Integrated Flow Models in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new

S. Paul[1], R. Thunvik[1], D. D. Walakira[2], J. Mango[2], J. Oppelstrup[3], R. Wait[4]
[1]The Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
[2]Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
[3]COMSOL AB, Stockholm, Sweden
[4]Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

Lake Victoria is the largest tropical lake in the world and is very important for environment and economy in East Africa. The hydrodynamic processes in the shallow (40-80 m deep) water system are unique due to its location at the equator which makes Coriolis effects noticeable also for vertical transport. The limited river inflow, and the large surface area compared to its volume make Lake ...

High-Resolution FSI Modeling of a High-Aspect Ratio Involute Flow Channel in the HFIR at ORNL

A. I. Elzawawy [1], J. D. Freels [2], F. G. Curtis [2, 3],
[1] Vaughn College of Aeronautics and Technology, East Elmhurst, NY, USA
[2] Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
[3] University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA

The high flow rate within the HFIR cooling water flow channel causes the fuel plates to deflect which in turn, changes the coolant flow characteristics. This nonlinear feedback loop between the coolant and the fuel plate is the focus of the present simulation of the fluid-solid interaction between the coolant flow and the fuel plates to accurately predict the plate’s deflection using the Fluid ...

Wall Effect on A Spherical Particle Settling along The Axis of Cylindrical Tubes Filled with Carreau Model Fluids

D. Song[1], R. Gupta[1], and R. Chhabra[2]
[1]Dept. of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV
[2]Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India

The effect of finite boundaries on the drag experienced by a rigid sphere settling along the axis of cylindrical tubes filled with Carreau model fluids has been examined systematically over a wide range of condition. As expected, the presence of finite boundaries leads to an increase in the drag force exerted on a falling sphere thereby retarding its descent due to the obstruction caused by ...