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The Analysis of the Conditions of Flow in the Tundish Performed by a Numerical and Physical Method

T. Merder [1], J. Jowsa [2], A. M. Hutny [2], J. Pieprzyca [1], M. Warzecha [2],
[1] Silesian University of Technology, Katowice, Poland
[2] Czestochowa University of Technology, Czestochowa, Poland

Studies of the liquid metal movement (hydrodynamic) in a real object (tundish) are substantially precluded due to the objective difficulties (high temperature and the size of metallurgical equipment), compared to their execution by the use of physical and numerical modeling. In presented study, two test methods for analyzing the flow and mixing of the liquid steel in the tundish were used. The ...

A COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Analysis of Beam Tube Cooling in the High Flux Isotope Reactor of ORNL

J. D. Freels [1],
[1] Research Reactors Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

Previous to the present work, a formal calculation was approved [1,2] to support the operation of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Horizontal Beam-Tube 1 of 4 (HB-1). The present calculation [3,4] repeats the previous work using COMSOL Multiphysics® software and extends the analysis to cover a broader range of coolant flow. In addition, this new calculation expands the analysis much further ...

Analysis of Lubricant Flow Through Reynolds Equation

K.C. Koppenhoefer[1], S.Y. Yushanov[1], L.T. Gritter[1], J.S. Crompton[1], and R.O. Edwards[2]
[1]AltaSim Technologies LLC, Columbus, OH, USA
[2]Cummins Fuel Systems, Columbus, IN, USA

Reynolds equation is used to analyze fluid flow through small gaps. As such, the solution of Reynolds equation provides critical information for a wide range of tribological problems. In any case where a lubricant resides between two moving surfaces, the Reynolds equation can be used to solve for the flow. In the case considered in this paper, lubricant flows between a piston and housing forced ...

Numerical Study and Simulation in COMSOL Multiphysics of the Dilution Process during Dust Sampling in Dry Machining

B. Wenga-Ntcheping[1], A. Djebara[1], R. Kamguem[1], J. Kouam[1], V. Songmene[1]
[1]University of Quebec-École de Technologie Supérieure, Montreal, Canada

Dilution’s issue during dry machining have raised the interest’s environmental researchers and engineers. In fact, the sampling of dust emitted during dry machining was a serious problem for air quality evaluation at the workplace. Furthermore, the best sampling of fine and ultrafine particles produced during material cutting, passed through the dilution of high particle concentration (number, ...

Numerical Investigation for the Effect of Guide Panel on Heat Transfer from Steel Containment

Priyanshu Goyal[1], I. Thangamani[1], V. Verma[1], V.M. Shanware[1], R. K. Singh[1]
[1]Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India

In a nuclear reactor, the containment is the last barrier for the release of radioactivity during severe accident conditions. Containment material can be concrete or steel or steel-lined concrete. Steel containments have a high load bearing capacity and a high degree of leak tightness at higher pressures. In case of a severe accident, heat can be removed from the containment by a guide panel, ...

Modeling of a Multilayered Propellant Extrusion in Concentric Cylinders

S. Durand [1][3], C. Dubois [1], P. Lafleur [1], V. Panchal [2], D. Park [2], P. Paradis [3], D. Lepage [3]
[1] École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada
[2] US Army ARDEC, Picatinny Arsenal, NJ, USA
[3] General Dynamics OTS Canada Valleyfield, Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, QC, Canada

A novel propellant technology requires extruding two formulations with differential burning rates (slow and fast) together as a multilayered propellant. This multilayered propellant is processed into a concentric cylinder configuration, in the form of slow-fast-slow with single perforation. The main challenge originated from the different path lengths between the inner and outer sections of the ...

Pore-Scale Simulation of Two-Phase Flow with Heat Transfer Through Dual-Permeability Porous Medium

H.A. Akhlaghi Amiri[1], A.A. Hamouda[1]
[1]University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Rogaland, Norway

This paper addresses one of the major challenges in water-flooded oil reservoirs, which is early water breakthrough due to the presence of high permeable layers in the media. COMSOL Multiphysics is used to model two phase (water and oil) flow in dual-permeability porous medium at micro-scales. The heat transfer module is coupled with the laminar two-phase flow interface, because temperature ...

Multiphysics: Fluid Mixing and Brine Pool Formation for Economic Geology Applications - new

C. Schardt[1]
[1]University of Minnesota-Duluth, Duluth, MN, USA

Significant submarine mineral deposits form when hot, metal-laden, saline fluids emerge onto the seafloor and mix with ambient seawater. Resulting density changes of fluid mixtures can trigger fluid buoyancy reversals, brine pool formation, and metal accumulation (Figure 1). While some of these processes are known from experiments, the inception, development, and physical-chemical processes ...

Simulation of Flow in a Rectangular Channel of a PEM Fuel Cell

A. L. R. Paulino [1], E. Robalinho [2], E. F. Cunha [1], M. Linardi [1], R. R. Passos [3], E. I. Santiago [1]
[1] Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares – IPEN/CNEN, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
[2] Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares – IPEN/CNEN, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; and Instituto Federal do Rio Grande do Sul – IFRS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
[3] Universidade Federal do Amazonas – UFAM, Manaus, AM, Brazil

The performance of a PEMFC depends on several factors, including the flow inside gas channels. Low gas velocity inside the channel can make water management more difficult, possibly causing water to accumulate and condense in certain regions of the cell. In the present work, COMSOL Multiphysics software was used to visualize and describe gas flow inside the channel of a PEMFC operating with ...

Equation-Based Modeling: Simulation of a Flow with Concentrated Vorticity in an Unbounded Domain

J. M. Russell [1],
[1] Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL, USA

The velocity field of a fluid flow in an unbounded domain, R, in which the spin of fluid elements is nonzero only within a bounded subdomain, Ri---namely, the interior of a sphere of radius, a---is simulated by equation-based modeling. A change of independent variable motivated by Kelvin Inversion maps the region exterior to Ri, hereinafter denoted Re, to a proxy domain, Q, in the form of a ...