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Bio-Effluents Tracing in Ventilated Aircraft Cabins

G. Petrone[1], L. Cammarata[1], and G. Cammarata[1]
[1]Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, University of Catania, Catania, Italy

Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) are issues of very high interest, determining comfortable conditions for occupants and no-contaminated local atmosphere. The aircraft cabins are more confined and have a higher occupant density than other indoor environments such as offices or residential houses. The passengers and the crew share a closed and ventilated cabin, which brings potential risk ...

Fluid Motion Between Rotating Concentric Cylinders Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

P. L. Mills [1], K. Barman [1], S. Mothupally [1], A. Sonejee [1],
[1] Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA

Introduction Fluid flow patterns in research or process-scale equipment where a fluid is contained between concentric rotating cylinders in the absence of bulk axial flow has received notable attention in the field of fluid mechanics. Annular flows occur in many practical applications, such as in the production of oil and gas, fluid viscometers, centrifugally-driven separation processes, ...

Design of Small-Scaled de Laval Nozzle for IGLIS Experiment

E. Mogilevskiy[1], R. Ferrer[1], L. Gaffney[1], C. Granados[1], M. Huyse[1], Yu. Kudryavtsev[1], S. Raeder[1], P. Van Duppen[1]
[1]KU Leuven, Instituut voor Kern- en Stralingsfysica, Leuven, Belgium

De Laval nozzles are used in supersonic aerodynamical tubes and engines. They are also employed for the production of cold gas jets to be used in chemical reactions studies. Recently, cold gas jets have been proposed of In-Gas Laser ionization Spectroscopy (IGLIS) The nozzle has a converging and a diverging part with a throat between them. High gas pressure and temperature, and low velocity ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of 3D Single-Phase Transport in a Random Packed Bed of Spheres - new

A. Dixon[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

Packed beds are important in the chemical industries. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can simulate detailed flow and scalar transport in packed beds for improved understanding and quantitative information. We present simulations of single-phase gas flow, conjugate heat transfer and isothermal dispersion of mass in a 3D model of a randomly-packed bed (tube-to-particle diameter ratio = 5.96) of ...

Drying of Corn Kernels: From Experimental Images to Multiscale Multiphysics Modeling

P. Takhar[1], and S. Zhang[2]

[1]Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, USA
[2]Visualization Sciences Group Inc., Burlington Massachusetts, USA

This work demonstrated the importance and feasibility of experimental image to simulation workflow. The workflow is successfully applied to a food processing study, where multiphysics and multiscale modeling based on 3D experimental image reconstruction contributes to the preservation of corn, one of the major food sources for the world population.

Numerical Study of Navier-Stokes Equations in Supersonic Flow over a Double Wedge Airfoil using Adaptive Grids

V. Gopal[1], R. Kolluru[1]
[1]BMS College of Engineering, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Numerical study of aerodynamic characteristics in steady laminar supersonic flow over a double wedge airfoil is carried out using commercially available finite element based CFD tool COMSOL Multiphysics. The aerodynamic characteristics of double wedge airfoil like lift and drag are analyzed by solving Navier-Stokes equations in the flow field for various thickness to chord ratios (t_c) and angle ...

The Simulation of Electric Field Distribution in Electrospinning Process - new

Y. Zheng[1], B. Xin[2]
[1]Donghua University, Shanghai, China
[2]Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai, China

The electric field plays a very important role in the electrospinning process, which needs to be seriously considered in the electrospinning configuration developing. High voltage involved in electrospinning process leads to difficulty in measuring the electric field. Numerical simulation is used to design the electric field, and experiments are carried out to validate the spinneret and ...

Study of ER Non-equilibrium Behavior with COMSOL

L. Zhou
Fudan University, Shanghai, China

COMSOL Multiphysics is a powerful tool in theoretical study. Lei Zhou, Jiping Huang and other professors in Physics Department, Fudan University have achieved some exciting results of soft, tunable metamaterials. We use it to study non-equilibrium behavior of rhoeological (ER) fluids and polar molecule dominated rheological (PM-ER) fluids. Numerical solutions using the Onsager’s principle would ...

Air Damping of Oscillating MEMS Structures: Modeling and Comparison with Experiment

S. Gorelick[1], M. Leivo[1], U. Kantojärvi[1]
[1]VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland

Excessive air damping can be detrimental to the performance of oscillating MEMS components. Complex systems, such as structures in pre-etched cavities or angular comb-drive scanning mirrors, typically require simulations to reliably evaluate the air damping. The simulated and experimental performance of the following systems was evaluated and compared: two types of out-of-plane cantilevers, in ...

Dynamics of Rotors on Hydrodynamic Bearings

R. Eling[1]
[1]Mitsubishi Turbocharger & Engine Europe, Almere, The Netherlands

This study presents a rotordynamic analysis of a rotor on hydrodynamic bearings using COMSOL Multiphysics®. In this paper, the complexity of the model is gradually increased. Starting point of the analysis is the modal analysis of the rotor in free-free conditions. A Reynolds model is set up to predict the film pressure distribution under shaft loading. Due to the cross coupling terms of the ...