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Coupling Heat Transfer in Heat Pipe Arrays with Subsurface Porous Media Flow for Long Time Predictions of Solar Rechargeable Geothermal Systems

P. Oberdorfer[1], R. Hu[1], M. Azizur Rahman[1], E. Holzbecher[1], M. Sauter[1], P. Pärisch[2]
[1]Applied Geology, Geoscience Centre, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
[2]Institute for Solar Energy Research Hameln/Emmerthal (ISFH), Emmerthal, Germany

An increased share of renewable energies is regarded as an integral part of a strategy towards a sustainable future. With regard to the heat supply sector this may be achieved using solar thermal collectors or heat pump systems with borehole heat exchangers. During the last years solar thermal and geothermal systems have generally been installed separately. Now, several proposals are discussed ...

Numerical Simulation of the Effect of Inlet Design on Thermal Storage Tank Performance Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

W. Yaïci[1], M. Ghorab[1], E. Entchev[1]
[1]Natural Resources Canada, CanmetENERGY, Ottawa, ON, Canada

This study presented the results of 3D unsteady CFD simulations to investigate the influence of adding a flat baffle plate at the entrance during the discharging operation on the flow behaviour, thermal stratification, and performance of a hot water storage tank installed in solar thermal energy systems. The CFD results showed that the plate modified the flow field close to the inlet jet, ...

Multi-Dimensional Adsorption Model of CO2/H2O Sorbent Bed

C. Gomez [1], R. F. Coker [1], J. Knox [1], G. Schunk [1]
[1] NASA MSFC, Huntsville, AL, USA

The primary interest of the VC (Vacuum Characterization) test is to experimentally characterize the adsorption and vacuum desorption of CO2 and water vapor of a pelletized sorbent bed in a large diameter column. The VC test article is shown in Figures 1 and 2. The aluminum canister is 3” in diameter and approximately 8” long allowing for variable sorbent bed loads from 1” to 6” in length. A ...

Optimization of the Supersonic Gas Jets' Parameters for In-Gas-Jet Nuclear Spectroscopy Studies

A. Zadvornaya [1], Y. Kudryavtsev [1],
[1] KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

The in-gas-jet laser ionization and spectroscopy method (Figure 1) that has been developed at KU Leuven allows to produce and to perform laser spectroscopy of short-lived radioactive isotopes created in different types of nuclear reactions [1,2]. To realize the advantages of in-gas-jet ionization, the parameters of the gas cell (in which the isotopes under investigation should be efficiently ...

Simplified Numerical Model of an Axial Impeller

A.-M. Georgescu[1], S.-C. Georgescu[2]
[1]Hydraulics and Environmental Protection Department, Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, Romania
[2]Hydraulics Department, University “Politehnica”, Bucharest, Romania

We propose a simplified numerical method to model the flow field downstream of an axial impeller. The method can be used for any axial hydraulic machinery for which, one is less interested by the flow between the blades, than by the flow field downstream of the machinery. The method is applied to an axial fan for which the pressure - flow rate curve is available. Numerical results are obtained ...

A Theoretical Model for the Control of Color Degradation and Microbial Spoilage Occurring in Food Convective Drying

S. Curcio[1], M. Aversa[1]
[1]University of Calabria, Department of Engineering Modeling, Rende, Cosenza, Italy

The aim of this work was the development of a predictive model aimed at identifying a proper control strategy of food drying process. In particular, it was intended to determine the effect of operating conditions both on the color degradation, chosen as a reference quality parameter, and on the microbial spoilage occurring during potatoes drying. A transport model, accounting for the ...

Reynolds Number Dependent Porous Media Flow Using the Brinkman Equation

R. Rieck[1], A. Bénard[1], and C. Petty[1]
[1]Michigan State University, Michigan, USA

Porous media fluid dynamic modeling has been widely explored and utilized in many academic and industrial applications. Cross flow filtration being one attractive application, whereas the fluid and filtrate flow parallel the porous media, and thereby induce shearing stress along the membrane surface to reduce fouling. In modeling porous media flow, it is common to describe the porous domain by ...

Modeling of Straight Jet Dynamics in Electrospinning Process

R. Pandya [1], A. Kumar [2], V. Runkana [1],
[1] Tata Research Development and Design Centre, Tata Consultancy Services, Pune, India
[2] Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India

Electrospinning is a process where high voltage is applied to produce polymer fibers of nanoscale diameter. Various polymers have been used for this process in molten form or as a solution with an appropriate solvent such as glycerol. The melt solidifies while the solvent evaporates to produce fibers. The fibers produced have properties such as high surface to volume ratio and a molecular ...

Multiphysics Modeling of a Gas Bubble Expansion

B. Chinè [1], and M. Monno[2]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy and Instituto Tecnologico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica
[2]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy

Modeling and simulation softwares are very useful tools when we have to analyse and understand the different phenomena occurring during metal foams processing, because several simultaneous physical mechanisms have to be accounted for. In this work we use Comsol Multiphysics 4.2 to model a spherical hydrogen gas bubble expanding in aluminium liquid, initially at rest. The aim of the present ...

Advanced Multiphysics Thermal Hydraulic Models for the High Flux Isotope Reactor

P. K. Jain [1], J. D. Freels [1],
[1] Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

Engineering design studies of the feasibility of conversion of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) from high-enriched uranium to low-enriched uranium fuel are ongoing at ORNL as part of an effort sponsored by the U.S. Global Threat Reduction Initiative program. HFIR is a very high flux, pressurized light-water-cooled and moderated, flux-trap type research reactor whose current missions are to ...