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Modelling of Heat and Mass Transfer in Food Products

[1]M.B. Andreasen

[1]Danish Technological Institute, Aarhus C, Denmark

The use of the finite element method for understanding and analyzing the freezing and drying processes of food products is in focus in this paper. The objective of this study is to develop a model that can predict temperature distribution and weight loss of food products during the freezing and drying processes. The problem was solved by utilizing heat, mass transfer and moving mesh model. In ...

A Wall-Cooled Fixed-Bed Reactor Model for Gas-Phase Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

A. Nanduri [1], P. L. Mills [1],
[1] Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA

In the early 1920’s, Gas-To-Liquids (GTL) and Coal-To-Liquids (CTL) technologies were developed to account for the depleting crude oil resources [1]. During this period, Franz Fischer and Hans Tropsch developed a process to convert synthesis gas (syn gas), derived from coal gasification, to a wide range of high value-added products. This process later came to be known as Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of Flow in a Radial Flow Fixed Bed Reactor (RFBR)

A. G. Dixon [1], D. S. Polcari [1], A. D. Stolo [1], M. Tomida [1],
[1] Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

For design of radial flow fixed bed reactors, it is important to ensure proper flow distribution through the catalyst bed. A 2D axisymmetric model of a radial-flow reactor was used to evaluate flow maldistribution through the catalyst bed and the pressure drop through the reactor for a specified flow rate. Effects of different catalysts, screen sizes and flow direction were simulated. Factors ...

Ammonia Removal From Water by a Liquid-Liquid Membrane Contactor Under a Closed Loop Regime

E. Licon[1], S. Casas[1], A. Alcaraz[1], J.L. Cortina[1], C. Valderrama[1]
[1]Universitat Politécnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain

Ammonia separation from water by membrane contactor was simulated on transient state and compared with experimental data. Aqueous low concentrated solution of ammonium with high pH has been pumped inside the hydrophobic hollow fibers, acid solution in the outside part. The system is in closed loop configuration. In order to simulate the separation process, equations were developed considering ...

Lennard-Jones Potential Determination via the Time-Dependent Schrödinger Equation

D. Nguemalieu. Kouetcha [1], H. Ramezani [1][2], N. Cohaut [1],
[1] Université d’ Orléans, ICMN, UMR CNRS, Orléans France
[2] Ecole Polytechnique de l' Université d’ Orléans, Orléans, France

The accurate atomic potential determination is an essential task in the molecular simulations, e.g. Grand Canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC). The ab initio simulations using the quantum mechanics would of great interest in the computational physical chemistry. The numerical simulation of the adsorption phenomenon requires knowing the interactions parameters between the atoms that make up the systems ...

Turbulent Premixed Combustion with FGM in COMSOL Multiphysics®

R. Bastiaans[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

In this paper a new method for turbulent combustion modeling is introduced in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The method is called Flamelet Generated Manifolds (FGM). The method is based on the concept of flamelets, elemental reaction layers in combustion. The only hypothesis is that the turbulent combustion takes place in the Thin Reaction Zones regime (TRZ). A regime that normally is the case in gas ...

Modeling of Packed Bed Reactors: Hydrogen Production by the Steam Reforming of Methane and Glycerol - new

A. Dixon[1], B. MacDonald[1], A. Olm[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

The conventional route to hydrogen production is by steam reforming of methane (MSR) in a multitubular packed bed. With the increasing use of biodiesel as a renewable fuel, interest has grown in steam reforming of the excess glycerol produced as a side product (GSR). We use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to model a tubular packed bed reactor, solving a single pellet model at each point. The ...

Charge-Discharge Studies of Lithium Iron Phosphate Batteries

A. K. R. Paul [1], R. D. Pal [2],
[1] CSIR-Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India
[2] Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

A lithium-ion battery comprises of two intercalating electrodes separated by a membrane, sandwiched between aluminum and copper current collecting plates. The battery performance depends upon several parameters and its operating conditions. In this work we developed a model for a lithium iron phosphate battery and validated our results with experimental charge-discharge curves. We however note ...

Comparison of Diffusion Flux Models for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

A. Nanduri [1], P. L. Mills [1],
[1] Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA

The Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis (FTS) is a highly exothermic condensation polymerization reaction of syngas (CO+H2) in the presence of Fe/Co/Ru-based catalysts to produce a wide range of paraffins, olefins and oxygenates, the latter of which is often called syncrude. Multi-Tubular Fixed Bed Reactors (MTFBR) and Slurry Bubble Column reactors (SBCR) are widely employed for FTS processes [1]. To ...

Combining Multiphysics Modeling and Solution Thermodynamics Using M4Dlib, an External Library

T. Marin-Alvarado [1],
[1] M4Dynamics, Toronto, ON, Canada

An external library, M4Dlib [1], has been developed to solve multiphysics problems coupled to solution thermodynamics. This approach extends the local equilibrium concept[2] to multiphysics modeling by incorporating a full Gibbs energy minimization routine at each numerical node to calculate the equilibrium based on global temperature, enthalpy or concentration conditions (Figure 1). The ...