W. Beckert, M. Dannowski, L. Wagner, J. Adler
Fraunhofer IKTS, Dresden, Germany
The 3D unit cell model approach offers an efficient tool to analyze the influences of geometrical design (channel shape and arrangement, filter length, wall thickness) and filter material properties (permeability, soot loading characteristics) on the performance of ceramic particle filter structure in the soot loading process, assessed by pressure loss and soot loading capacity. It does correctly ...
Sulfur Deactivation Effects on Catalytic Steam Reforming of Methane Produced by Biomass Gasification
P. Sadooghi, R. Rauch
Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
Sulfur, which is incorporated in the biomass structure, is released into the product gas during gasification as hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is known to deactivate nickel based steam reforming catalysts by chemisorption on the metal surface during steam reforming process. Desulfurization has a negative effect on the process efficiency therefore steam reforming has to be run without ...
Y. M. S. El-Shazly, S. W. Eletriby
Alexandria University, Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt.
The annular reactor is a very useful design to carry many chemical reactions. In this study, COMSOL Multiphysics® software was used to study the isothermal mass transfer from the inner side of the outer tube of the annular reactor in the range of 200
S.C. Seetharam, D. Jacques
Performance Assessments Unit, Institute for Environment, Health and Safety, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK•CEN), Mol, Belgium
This paper documents current status in the development of a coupled thermal-hydraulic-chemical-geomechanical numerical suite within COMSOL-MATLAB environment to address soil and concrete applications. The mathematical formulations are based on well-established continuum scale models unifying mass conservation, energy conservation, charge conservation, thermodynamic equilibrium and kinetics and ...
K.O. Lund, C.M. Lord
Kurt Lund Consulting, Del Mar, CA, USA
Lord Engineering Corp., Encinitas, CA, USA
Pressure-drop experiments were conducted for the turbulent, compressible flow of air in a small, slender tube, and modeled with COMSOL heat transfer module, and analytically. A scalar integration variable is introduced which integrates the mass velocity [kg/m²s] over the inlet area and iteratively equates this to the input mass flow [kg/s]. For computation, the temperature specification is ...
Kinetics of Carbon Dioxide Absorption into Mixed Aqueous Solutions of MDEA and MEA using Laminar Jet Apparatus and Numerically Solved Absorption-Rate/Kinetic Model
M. Edali1, A. Aboudheir2, and R. Idem1
1Process Systems Engineering, University of Regina, Regina, SK, Canada
2HTC Purenergy, Regina, SK, Canada
The experimental kinetic data obtained with a laminar jet apparatus for the absorption of carbon dioxide (CO2) in CO2 loaded mixed solutions of mixed MDEA and MEA were interpreted with the aid of a comprehensive numerically-solved absorption rate/kinetic model. The partial differential equations in this model were solved by two numerical techniques; the finite difference method (FDM) based on an ...
P. L. Mills, A. Nagaraj
Department of Chemical & Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA
Department of Environmental Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA
Introduction: Development of next-generation chemical processes that have zero emissions is a key environmental objective for sustainable development. The manufacture of H2SO4 by the air oxidation of SO2 to SO3 is an important technology where an opportunity exists for new catalyst development and process innovation by reducing emissions of unconverted SO2 in process reactor tail gases owing to ...
S. Vaccaro, G. Ferrazzano, and P. Ciambelli
Università di Salerno
Mathematical modelling of a catalytic plate reactor for methane steam reforming with COMSOL Multiphysics was carried out. The model reactor includes three channels where methane combustion occurs on the plates bordering the inner side of the outermost channels, whereas methane steam reforming takes place on the plates bordering the central channel.
S. Gunsekaran , R. C. Thiagarajan
ATOA Scientific Technologies Private Limited, Bangalore, India
Multiphysics Simulations of Physico-chemical and Biological Treatment of wastewater is increasing due to the demand for cost efficient plant design and utilization. Among the many processes, a thorough understanding of the settling behavior of an activated granular sludge in the secondary settler of an Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) is critical for the plant designers to determine the efficiency ...
Simulation of the Acoustic Environment for the Manufacture of Graded Porosity Materials by Sonication
C. Torres-Sanchez, and J. R. Corney
University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom
Many materials require functionally graded cellular microstructures whose porosity is engineered to meet specific requirements of diverse applications. It has been shown in previous work that the bubble growth rate of a polymeric foam can be influenced by the surrounding acoustic environment and, once solidified, produce a solid of graded porosity. Motivated by the desire to create a flexible ...