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Coupled Palaehydrogeological Microbial and Geochemical Reactive Transport Model of the Olkiluoto Site (Finland)

P. Trinchero[1], M. Luna[1], J. Molinero[1], G. Román-Ross[1], F. Maia[1], A. Nardi[1], J. Löfman[2], P. Pitkänen[3], L. Koskinen[3]
[1]Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
[2]VTT Energy, Finland
[3]Posiva Oy, Olkiluoto, Finland

Olkiluoto at Eurajoki has been selected as the final repository site for spent nuclear waste in Finland. This area has been affected, at regional scale, by land-uplift processes related to the ice withdrawal. These events have resulted in a complex and stratified heterogeneous hydrochemical system. The objective of this work was to develop a robust paleohydrogeological reactive transport (PRT) ...

Dynamic Simulation of Interface Shapes During Chemical Vapor Deposition

J. V. Jayaramakrishna[1], S. K. Thamida[1]
[1]National Institute of Technology Warangal, Warangal, Telangana, India

Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) finds application in many manufacturing processes of microelectronic devices and MEMS as a recent development. It is also useful for preparation of functionalized surfaces in microsensor kind of devices. The phenomena that is studied is deposition of a crystalline material for example Silicon from the gas phase substance such as Silicon Hydride (SiH4). The ...

Simulation and Design of a Microfluidic Respirometer for Semi-Continuous Amperometric Short Time Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BODST) Analysis

F.J. del Campo[1], A. Torrents[1], J. Mas[2], F.X. Muñoz[1]
[1]Instituto de Microelectronica de Barcelona, IMB-CNM (CSIC), Campus Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
[2]Departement de Genètica i Microbiologia, Campus Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain

Introduction: This work presents the design of a novel flow cell based miniaturized electrochemical respirometer to monitor organic content in water samples semi-continuously, in contrast to current Biochemical Oxygen Demand, BOD, methods. Simulation techniques has been used to parameterize and optimize aspects such as height and length of the channels, materials and thickness, flow and oxygen ...

Numerical Simulation of Evaporation Processes in Electron Beam Welding - new

E. Salomatova[1], D. Trushnikov[1], V. Belenkiy[1], V. Tsaplin[1]
[1]Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Perm, Russia

In this paper describes an original method for indirect measurement of the vapor pressure and temperature in the keyhole in electron beam welding. This method is based on the determination of the concentration of chemical elements in the vapor above the welding zone. Taking into account these data model is built 2D diffusion processes with heat and mass transfer elements in the melt, which ...

Model of Combustion Synthesis of Thermoelectric Calcium Cobaltates

J. Selig, and S. Lin
Lamar University, Beaumont, TX, USA

Self-propagating High-temperature Synthesis (SHS), a very economical synthesis of oxides was used in our lab to produce oxide materials. SHS process uses a highly exothermic reaction to convert reactants rapidly to pure products with minimal external energy input. This reaction is initiated by an igniter and reaction front propagates from the ignition through the rest of the sample. The fast ...

Relevance of Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical Processes Involved in the Construction and Operation of Copper Heap Leach Pads

M. Tincopa[1], A. Nardi[2], G. Roman-Ross[2] , J. Molinero[2]
[1]Technic University of Catalonia (UPC), Barcelona, Spain
[2]Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain

Heap leaching in the mining industry had become a sophisticated practice at least 500 years ago. It is a mineral processing technology whereby piles of crushed Run-of–Mine rock are leached with chemical solutions to extract minerals. The goal of this work is to contribute to the understanding of the behavior of a heap leach pad by using coupled Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical simulations. COMSOL ...

Using COMSOL Multiphysics to Model Crust Development at the Surface of Whole Beef Meat Subjected to Hot Air Jet

J. Sicard [1], S. Portanguen [1], C. Chevarin [1], A. Kondjoyan [1]
[1] INRA Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Saint-Genès-Champanelle, FRANCE

Crust which develops at the surface of meat leads to reactions which affect food color, flavor and safety. Whole pieces of meat are only contaminated by microorganisms at their surface. Thus intense thermal treatment can inactivate pathogenic bacteria; however the associated high temperatures also lead to the formation of carcinogenic compounds. An experimental study of crust development at ...

A Study of Thermo-Fluid Behavior in Tubular Metal Hydride Beds in the Hydriding Process

S. Makridis[1], E.I. Gkanas[1], A. Ioannidou[2], E.S. Kikkinides[2], A.K. Stubos[3]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece & Environmental Research Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR “Demokritos”, Athens, Greece
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece
[3]Environmental Research Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR “Demokritos”, Athens, Greece

Hydrogen, the most abundant element in the universe, has great potential as an energy source, and can be generated from renewable energy sources. We used COMSOL for the solution of the energy, mass and momentum balance equations that describe the hydrogen absorption and desorption procedure in the metal hydride compressor. Thermodynamic or engineering properties like the reaction enthalpy ??, ...

Microvascular Dysfunction in PAD Patients - new

K. Cluff[1], H. Mehraein[1], B. Jayakumar[2]
[1]Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Department of Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is characterized by atherosclerotic blockages of the arteries supplying the lower extremities, which cause a progressive accumulation of ischemic injury to the skeletal muscles of the lower limbs. Despite revascularization treatment intervention some PAD patients require follow up secondary treatment due to a continued decline in limb function, ...

Mathematical Model of Vacuum Foam Drying - new

M. Sramek[1], J. Weiss[2], R. Kohlus[1]
[1]Department of Food Processing Engineering, Institute of Food Science and Biotechnology, Hohenheim University, Stuttgart, Germany
[2]Department of Meat Science and Food Physics, Institute of Food Science and Biotechnology, Hohenheim University, Stuttgart, Germany

The mathematical model is closely related to the development of a novel drying method for high viscous and sticky materials. The foamed state facilitates diffusive moisture transport and therefore accelerating the drying process. Moreover the dried porous material can be easily converted into the powder. The mathematical modelling aimed at evaluating the complex drying process as basic ...