Artigos Técnicos e Apresentações

Aqui você encontrará apresentações realizadas nas Conferências de Usuários COMSOL de todo o mundo. As apresentações englobam pesquisas e produtos inovadores feitas por engenheiros e cientistas usando o COMSOL Multiphysics. Os tópicos abramgem uma grande gama de indústrias e aplicações, como elétrica, mecânica, escoamento e química. Use a função de busca "Quick Search" para encontrar apresentações na sua área de interesse.

Fundamental Three Dimensional Modeling and Parameter Estimation of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst for Heavy Duty Trucks

A. Holmqvist[1] and C.U.I. Odenbrand[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Mathematical optimization can be used as a computational engine to generate the best solution for a given problem in a systematic and efficient way. In the context of monolithic converter systems, the parameter estimation problem (or inverse problem) is solved using Partial Differential Equations (PDE)-based models of the physical system coupled with an optimization algorithm. These problems are ...

Modelling of Catalytic Radiant Heaters

J.P.Mmbaga, T.M. Mannan, N. Joederi, S.E. Wanke, and R.E. Hayes
University of Alberta

In this work we present the modelling of catalytic radiant heaters. The presentation outlines the mathematical model as well as a Laboratory setup of a catalytic radiant heater.

Modeling of Heat and Mass Transport in a Nonlinear Catalytic Bed Reactor

A. Machac [1], R. Henda [2], and B. Nilsson [2]
[1] School of Engineering, Laurentian University, Sudbury, ON, Canada
[2] Lund University, Sweden

Heat and mass transport phenomena in a tubular catalytic bed reactor are numerically investigated. A two-dimensional pseudo-heterogeneous model, accounting for transport in the solid and fluid phases, with axial and radial dispersions, is used to describe the reactor. The calculation results show the development of a hot spot in the reactor. The effects of inlet process conditions are ...

A Finite Element Analysis on the Modeling of Heat Release Rate, as Assessed by a Cone Calorimeter, of Char Forming Polycarbonate

D. Statler[1], and R. Gupta[2]
[1]Mid-Atlantic Technology, Research and Innovation Center, South Charleston, WV, USA
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA

During the pyrolysis and combustion of polymers, heat is released and is typically measured with a cone calorimeter to better assess the polymer’s flammability. Modeling heat release rate, as assessed by cone calorimetry, has not been extensively studied for char-forming polymers, such as, polycarbonate. Here we determine the heat release rate with the help of a one-dimensional transient finite ...

Numerical Analysis of the Self-Heating Behaviour of Coal Dust Accumulations

D.Wu[1], E. Van den Bulck[1]
[1]Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Department of Mechanical Engineering, KU Leuven, Belgium

Introduction Self-heating behaviour of dust accumulations is a multiphysics field coupled heat and mass transfer in the porous media. A typical experimental apparatus with a hot storage oven and mesh wire baskets has been taken as the study object. The influence of gas flow velocity, oxygen concentration and ambient temperature on the self-heating behaviour of the dry coal dust sample has been ...

An Overview of Impellers, Velocity Profile and Reactor Design - new

P. Patel[1], P. Vaidya[1], G. Singh[2]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[2]Indian Oil Corporation Limited, Faridabad, Haryana, India

This paper presents a simulation approach to develop a model for understanding the mixing phenomenon in a stirred vessel. The mixing in the vessel is important for effective chemical reaction, heat transfer, mass transfer and phase homogeneity. In some cases, it is very difficult to obtain experimental information and it takes a long time to collect the data. Such problems can be solved using ...

Modeling the Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer during Fires in Stored Biomass, Coal and Recycling Deposits

F. Ferrero, M. Malow, A. Berger, and U. Krause
Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany

In this paper, advances in the development of a numerical model for predicting the possibility of self-ignition in stored biomass, coal heaps or underground seams and dump deposits are presented. Results from the performed simulations are compared with experimental data. Finally, some conclusions and the possibilities for future work are drawn.

Advancements in Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapor Separations Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

J. Knox[1], R. F. Coker[1], C. F. Gomez[1], R. Schunk[1], R. Cummings[1]
[1]NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

NASA's Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program is pioneering new approaches for rapidly developing prototype systems, demonstrating key capabilities, and validating operational concepts for future human missions beyond Earth orbit" [1]. Under the new Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project [2], efforts are focused on improving current state-of-the-art ...

Numerical Simulation of Evaporation Processes in Electron Beam Welding

E. Salomatova[1], D. Trushnikov[1], V. Belenkiy[1], V. Tsaplin[1]
[1]Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Perm, Russia

In this paper describes an original method for indirect measurement of the vapor pressure and temperature in the keyhole in electron beam welding. This method is based on the determination of the concentration of chemical elements in the vapor above the welding zone. Taking into account these data model is built 2D diffusion processes with heat and mass transfer elements in the melt, which ...

Improving the Sensoring of PEM Fuel Cell by Numerical Techniques

S. Skoda[1], E. Robalinho[2], E. F. Cunha[1], M. Linardi[1]
[1]Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
[2]Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

The use of numerical techniques in PEM fuel cell sensoring represents an advantage of project engineering, reducing the costs and accelerating the manufacturing of prototypes. In this work some numerical responses are shown, relating to numerical sensoring of water and oxygen mole fractions at cathode of a 5 cm² of geometric area PEM fuel cell. The need to recognize a geometric figure of merit ...

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