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Microvascular Dysfunction in PAD Patients - new

K. Cluff[1], H. Mehraein[1], B. Jayakumar[2]
[1]Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Department of Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is characterized by atherosclerotic blockages of the arteries supplying the lower extremities, which cause a progressive accumulation of ischemic injury to the skeletal muscles of the lower limbs. Despite revascularization treatment intervention some PAD patients require follow up secondary treatment due to a continued decline in limb function, ...

Design and Analysis of an Electrostatic Precipitator for a Diesel Particulate Filter - new

S. Manoj[1], R. Giri[1], S. Selvakumar[1]
[1]Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Gaseous exhaust of different industries contains dust particles of different chemical precipitates that are harmful for the environment. Electrostatic Precipitators are very often used in industries like power plant to filter their gaseous exhaust and to prevent the atmosphere to being polluted. Electrostatic Precipitators are very efficient in dust particle collection from the flue gas. ...

Simulation of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst Used in a NOx Storage and Reduction system for Heavy Duty Trucks

C. Odenbrand, and E. Senar Serra
Department of Chemical Engineering, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

This work concerns the performance of an oxidation catalyst used in a NOx storage and reduction system. The oxidation of NO is the main objective of this study, where the presence of CO and propene has also been taken into account. Experimental data has been determined on a monolithic oxidation catalyst mounted after a heavy duty diesel engine in a rig. The conversion of hydrocarbons is ...

Pseudo-3D Multiphysics Simulation of a Hydride Vapor Phase Epitaxy Reactor

M. Hackert-Oschätzchen[1], M. Penzel[1], P. Plänitz[2], A. Schubert[1][3]
[1]Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
[2]GWT-TUD, Dresden, Germany
[3]Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology IWU, Chemnitz, Germany

Gallium nitride (GaN) and its related nitride alloys with special physical properties are in technical areas of high interest. The growing of gallium nitride boules on non-native sapphire or silicon carbide requires complicated mechanisms of defect reduction in the lattice structure. Thus the production of gallium nitride substrates is a challenge. Hydride Vapor Phase Epitaxy (HVPE) is a ...

Advancements in Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapor Separations Using COMSOL

J. Knox[1], K. Kittredge[1], R.F. Coker[1], R. Cummings[1], C.F. Gomez[1]
[1]NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

“NASA\'s Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program is pioneering new approaches for rapidly developing prototype systems, demonstrating key capabilities, and validating operational concepts for future human missions beyond Earth orbit” [1]. Under the new Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project [2], efforts are focused on improving current state-of-the-art ...

High Temperature Process Simulation: An Example in Crystal Growth

H. Rouch[1] and O. Geoffroy[1]
[1]INOPRO, Villard de Lans, France

High temperature processes are used in a large variety of industrial application. Simulation helps to solve technological problems and increase energy efficiency in case of industrial scale simulation. We present in this paper a research equipment simulation. The aim is to increase knowledge of temperature field in the crystal growth region in order to give researcher some important information ...

Water Quality Modeling of Drinking Water Storage Reservoir Noardburgum

N. Wolthek[1]
[1]Vitens NV, Zwolle, The Netherlands

The water storage reservoir at the WTP Noardburgum is used to even out demand and supply and ensure a stable drinking water production capacity. At the moment the rectangular reservoir has a single pipeline which serves as an inlet during the fill cycle and as an outlet during the draw cycle. This study aims to examine the current mixing characteristics of the reservoir and to investigate ...

Multiscale Model of Human Pathogen Growth on Fresh Produce - new

A. Warning[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Predictive food microbiology currently first requires experimental data for growth on fresh produce and then fitting an empirical or semi-empirical model to the data, making extrapolation to other conditions (temperature, type of produce) difficult. Herein, we develop a mechanistic model for the growth of human pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp.) on spinach using ...

Numerical Study of Smoldering Combustion of Activated Carbon in Ⅱ Iodine Absorber - new

T. Liang[1], M. Liu[1], X. Liu[1], Z. Meng[1]
[1]Safety Engineering, Zheng Zhou University, Zheng Zhou, Henan, China

Iodine absorber is a widely used purification equipment for purifying air in a nuclear power plant. In China, the common type is Ⅱ iodine absorber. Impregnated activated carbon is the main absorber within the iodine absorber. Because of the decays exothermic of radioactive iodine, heat is generated in the adsorption process. Carbon is a combustible material. Moreover, air is always supplied in ...

Finite Element Model of a Complex Glass Forming Process as a Tool for Control Optimization

F. Sawo[1] and T. Bernard[1]
[1]Fraunhofer Institute for Information and Data Processing IITB, Karlsruhe, Germany

This paper addresses the modeling of a complex glass forming process as an example of a complex, nonlinear distributed parameter system. The system is modeled by a fluid dynamics approach, which means that the forming is regarded as a fluid with free surfaces. Here, the coupling of the forming process with the heat flow is considered. The influence of crucial model parameters (e.g., dynamic ...