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Modeling Bioelectrochemical Systems for Waste Water Treatment and Bioenergy Recovery with COMSOL Multiphysics®

T. Oyetunde[1], D. Ofiteru[1], J. Rodriguez[1]
[1]Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Most conventional wastewater treatment processes are quite energy-intensive. Global wastewater production is increasing due to growth in population, industrialization, and urbanization, creating an urgent need for energy-efficient wastewater treatment technologies. Moreover, waste streams (industrial and domestic) have drawn renewed interest as resources for water, energy, and product recovery. ...

Virtual Functional Product Development of a µ-Methane Steam Reformer

T. J. Kazdal [1], M. J. Hampe [1],
[1] Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany

A micro steam methane reformer is a complex product consisting of multiple units. For the virtual functional product development it is necessary to validate these sub models separately. Therefore a reactor was designed to analyse kinetics of chemical reactions. The reactor design is based on a simulation geometry and the boundary conditions of the simulation were recreated in the experimental ...

Analysis of Deformation of a Liquid Packaging Made With Board of the LPB Type

K. B. Matos [1], I. Neitzel [1],
[1] FATEB, Telêmaco Borba, PR, Brazil

The liquid food product packaging are today predominantly made with board LPB type board (Liquid Packaging Board) composite formed by board, which offers mechanical strength, polyethylene, constituent responsible for protection against the passage humidity, and aluminum foil, which helps protect against oxygen flow. On the day, paper and board are words used as synonyms for each other. ...

CFD Simulation of Internal Flow Field of Dual-mode Scramjet - new

C. Butcher[1], K. Yu[1]
[1]University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA

The complex internal flow field of a hypersonic air-breathing propulsion engine was modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. This type of flow field can be found in a dual-mode scramjet engine. After creating the geometry, a 2D CFD simulation was run using the High Mach Number Flow physics interface in the CFD Module. A stationary time study was run and the results from the CFD simulation ...

Modeling of Mixing-Sensitive Pharmaceutical Drug Substance Processes in Batch Reactors

F. Akpinar [1], B. Cohen [1], J. Tabora [1], A. Glace [1], K. Lauser [1], F. Lora Gonzalez [1], J. Albrecht [1],
[1] Bristol-Myers Squibb, New Brunswick, NJ, USA

Manufacturing of pharmaceutical drug substances involves chemical unit operations that are dependent on effective mixing, particularly reactions and crystallizations. Poor mixing can cause uneven distribution of chemical species in stirred tanks, leading to impurity formation and decrease in selectivity during reactions, and localized supersaturation, uncontrolled nucleation, impurity entrapment ...

Modeling and Simulation of Hydrogen Generation in Membrane Reactor via Steam Octane Reforming

N. Ghasem [1], A. Y. Alraeesi [1],
[1] UAE Univeristy, Alain, United Arab Emirates

Various hydrocarbon compounds have been converted into pure hydrogen by using a catalyst and a palladium membrane in one reactor (PMR) in a one-step process where the reaction proceeds to almost complete conversion. Octane is converted into pure hydrogen using of a palladium membrane reactor is described. Catalysts are used to endorse reactions such as methane steam reforming. These reactions ...

Multiscale Model of Human Pathogen Growth on Fresh Produce - new

A. Warning[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Predictive food microbiology currently first requires experimental data for growth on fresh produce and then fitting an empirical or semi-empirical model to the data, making extrapolation to other conditions (temperature, type of produce) difficult. Herein, we develop a mechanistic model for the growth of human pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp.) on spinach using ...

Reactive Transport Modeling of CO2 in Carbonate Rocks: Single Pore Model

P. Agrawal [1], J. Koskamp [1], A. Raoof [1], M. Wolthers [1],
[1] Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Dissolution of calcite plays an important role in various processes such as enhanced oil and gas recovery, CO2 sequestration, and groundwater transport for the drinking water production. Dissolution rates predicted by pore scale and continuum scale models are often faster than the observed laboratory rates (Molins, 2014). This discrepancy suggests that the importance of pore scale ...

A Flow and Transport Model for Low-Temperature Gaseous Nitrocarburizing of Stainless Steels

J. Feng [1], M. Wettlaufer [1],
[1] Centre of Materials Engineering, Heilbronn University, Heilbronn, Germany

An integrated numeric, thermodynamic, and experimental analysis work was conducted to find out the proper flow and transport parameters of combined chemical species for low-temperature gaseous nitrocarburizing of stainless steels in an industrial furnace built for thermochemical treatments. Such parameters are responsible for a steady thermochemical atmosphere essential for the anti-passivation ...

Modeling an Enzyme Based Electrochemical Blood Glucose Sensor with COMSOL Multiphysics

S. Mackintosh[1], J. Rodgers[1], S.P. Blythe[1]
[1]Lifescan Scotland, Inverness, Scotland

This paper describes the modeling of a blood glucose sensor using COMSOL Multiphysics. Chemical species interaction and diffusion, coupled with electrochemical oxidation of multiple blood species produced a powerful working model used in developing and refining a range of blood glucose sensors for the commercial market.