Artigos Técnicos e Apresentações

Aqui você encontrará apresentações realizadas nas Conferências de Usuários COMSOL de todo o mundo. As apresentações englobam pesquisas e produtos inovadores feitas por engenheiros e cientistas usando o COMSOL Multiphysics. Os tópicos abramgem uma grande gama de indústrias e aplicações, como elétrica, mecânica, escoamento e química. Use a função de busca "Quick Search" para encontrar apresentações na sua área de interesse.

Finite Element Analysis of Equine Tooth Movement Under Masticatory Loading

M. Gardemin[1], M. Lüpke[1], V. Cordes[2], and C. Staszyk[2]
[1]Institute for General Radiology and Medical Physics, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Hannover, Germany
[2]Institute of Anatomy, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Hannover, Germany

Like humans, horses can develop a variety of dental problems. Different equine diseases occur in different areas of the equine cheek tooth or its surrounding tissues. With a realistic simulation of a chewing cycle it can be possible to link mechanical phenomena such as high stress in distinct areas to commonly occurring diseases. According to different angles of the acting chewing force, ...

Bone Remodeling Following Total Hip Replacement: Short Stem Versus Long Stem Implants

M.S. Yeoman[1], A. Cizinauskas[1], C. Lowry[2], G. Vincent[3], S. Collins[3], D. Simpson[3]
[1]Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
[2]Corin Group, Cirencester, United Kingdom
[3]Imoprhics, Manchester, United Kingdom

Bone resorption around hip stems, in particular periprosthetic bone loss, is a common observation post-operatively. A number of factors influence the amount of bone loss over time and the mechanical environment following total hip replacement (THR) is important. Conventional long stem prostheses have been shown to transfer loads distally, resulting in bone loss of the proximal femur. More ...

Thermo-Elastic Response of Cutaneous and Subcutaneous Tissues to Noninvasive Radiofrequency Heating

J. Jimenez-Lozano[1], P. Vacas-Jacques[1], W. Franco[1]
[1]Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA

Radiofrequency (RF) technology offers unique advantages for noninvasive selective heating of relatively large volumes of tissue. In this work, we present a mathematical model for selective non-invasive, non-ablative RF heating of cutaneous and subcutaneous tissue (with detailed fiber septa structures) including their thermo-elastic response. Our analysis shows that the fiber septa architecture ...

Simulating Organogenesis in COMSOL Multiphysics®: Cell-based Signaling Models

D. Iber[1], J. Vollmer[1], D. Menshykau[1]
[1]Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering, ETH Zurich, Basel, Switzerland

Most models of biological pattern formation are simulated on continuous domains even though cells are discrete objects that provide internal boundaries to the diffusion of regulatory components. In our previous papers on simulating organogenesis in COMSOL Multiphysics® (Germann et al COMSOL Multiphysics® Conf Procedings 2011; Menshykau and Iber, COMSOL Multiphysics® Conf Proceedings 2012) we ...

Evaluation of Performance of Enzymatic Biofuel Cells with Microelectrode Arrays Inside a Blood Artery via Finite Element Approach

C. Wang[1], Y. Song[1]
[1]Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) are considered as a promising candidate for powering miniature implantable devices. In order to predict the performance in the human blood artery, we simulated a 3D EBFC chip with highly dense micro-electrode arrays. In this simulation using COMSOL Multiphysics®, we applied the 1) Michaelis Menten equation; 2) Nernst potential equation; 3) Navier Strokes velocity, ...

Compensating Spatial Variability of Quantity Index in 2D Electrical Impedance Tomography: COMSOL Multiphysics Study

S. Oh, and R. Sadleir
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA

In Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT), an array of surface electrodes is used to inject current and measure the resulting voltages to non-invasively obtain conductivity distributions of objects. The system can be easily implemented as a device that monitors hemorrhage, respiration, gastric emptying or brain activities.The Quantity Index (QI), an integral measure of reconstructed images, can be ...

Mathematical Modeling of Atheroma Plaque Deformation using COMSOL Multiphysics

N. El Khatib1, S. Genieys1, M. Zine2, and V. Volpert1
1Institut Camille Jordan, Université Claude Bernard, Lyon, France
2Département Maths & Informatique, Ecole Centrale de Lyon, Lyon, France

The development of atherosclerosis leads to the formation of an atheroma plaque which takes place in the artery. This plaque is composed of two parts: a lipid deposit and a fibrous cap. The fibrous cap covers the lipid deposit and isolates it from the blood flow. The blood flow that circulates in the artery modifies the geometry of the atheroma plaque and can cause dangerous effects, such as a ...

Influence of pH and Carbonate Buffering on the Performance of a Lactate Microbial Fuel Cell

A.Torrents, N. Godino, F.J. del Campo, F.X. Muñoz, and J. Mas
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain

Microbia Fuel Cells (MFC’s) are complex environments where electrochemical, physical and biological aspects must be considered together. In this work we present a 1D model partially describing a Shewanella oneidensis MFC that degrade sodium lactate [lactate -> Acetate + CO2 + 2H+ + 2e-]. The model, simulated using COMSOL, focuses on pH implications of the MFC operation. Release of protons ...

Numerical Homogenization in Multi-scale Models of Musculoskeletal Mineralized Tissues

A. Gerisch[1], S. Tiburtius[1], Q. Grimal[2], and K. Raum[3]
[1]Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
[2]Laboratoire d’Imagerie Paramétrique, UPMC, Paris, France
[3]Julius Wolff Institut & Berlin-Brandenburg School for Regenerative Therapies, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Musculoskeletal mineralized tissues (MMTs), e.g. bone, are hierarchical composite materials. Their effective elastic properties at different scales are of interest for computational studies of the MMT’s response to mechanical loading but also to realistically simulate implant osseointegration. We combine multi-scale and multi-modal experimental techniques with mathematical modelling of MMTs ...

Modeling of Nerve Stimulation Thresholds and Their Dependence on Electrical Impedance with COMSOL

P. Krastev[1], and B. Tracey[1]
[1]Neurometrix, Inc., Waltham, Massachusetts, USA

Nerve localization is important for applications in regional anesthesia. Localization is achieved by stimulating the nerve with an electric field produced by a current from a needle inserted into the body of the patient, close to the target nerve.  Modeling of the electric field in close proximity to the nerve may help to explain observed variations in threshold currents and can help to ...

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