Advancing Regulatory Science through Integrative Engineering with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Modeling
G. Zhang 
 Department of Bioengineering, Institute for Biological Interfaces of Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) faces significant challenges in its regulatory approval processes due to a lack of relevant science, and many practices are limited by laws enacted in the previous century . Therefore, in recent years, the FDA has identified the need for advancements in regulatory science and innovation. In a broader sense, advancing regulatory science is not just ...
G. Bonmassar, and A. Golby
AA. Martinos Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, Massachusetts, USA
Department of Neurosurgery, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
A new type of MRI compatible intracranial electrode based on Polymer Thick Film (PTF) is presented and studied using COMSOL Multiphysics. The geometry considered was a two-dimensional cross section cut of 5 mm thick electrodes with 5 cm leads on top of a 2×10 cm slab representing Gelfilm, or the substrate. The resistive leads were compared with metallic leads to estimate the ...
H.H. Chen-Mayer, and R. Tosh
Ionizing Radiation Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA
Water calorimetry is employed to establish a primary reference standard for radiation dosimetry by measuring the temperature rises in a water phantom (a cube of about 30 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm) subjected to a beam of ionizing radiation. We use COMSOL Multiphysics to model the system using the Heat Transfer module and the Incompressible Navier-Stokes module with a geometry of 2D-axial ...
Q.A. Chaudhry, M. Hanke, and R. Morgenstern
School of Computer Science and Communication, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
The mathematical modeling of the diffusion and reaction of toxic compounds in mammalian cells is tough task due to their very complex geometry. The heterogeneity of the cell, particularly the cytoplasm, and the variation of the cellular architecture, greatly affects the behavior of these toxic compounds. Homogenization techniques have been implemented for the numerical treatment of the model. ...
A. Gerisch, S. Tiburtius, Q. Grimal, and K. Raum
Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
Laboratoire d’Imagerie Paramétrique, UPMC, Paris, France
Julius Wolff Institut & Berlin-Brandenburg School for Regenerative Therapies, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany
Musculoskeletal mineralized tissues (MMTs), e.g. bone, are hierarchical composite materials. Their effective elastic properties at different scales are of interest for computational studies of the MMT’s response to mechanical loading but also to realistically simulate implant osseointegration. We combine multi-scale and multi-modal experimental techniques with mathematical modelling of MMTs ...
The Effects of the Electrical Double Layer on Giant Ionic Currents through Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes
G. Zhang[,][,], S.L. Bearden 
Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
Institute for Biological Interfaces of Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
Electrofluidic transport through a single walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) is enhanced by electroosmosis. Electroosmosis is made possible in these devices by the combination of a large slip length within SWCNTs and the interfacial potential at the solution/nanotube interface. A computational model of a SWCNT device was developed using COMSOL Multiphysics to investigate the complete electrical ...
V. Tidwell, P. LaRosa, M. Zhang, H. Eswaran, A. Nehorai
Department of Electrical & Systems Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA
Monsanto Company, Technology Pipeline Solutions, St. Louis, MO, USA
OB/GYN Department, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA
Uterine contractions during pregnancy are currently poorly understood – experts disagree on the mechanisms by which contractions propagate through the organ and the structural layout of the uterine muscle fibers. We have developed a multi-scale model of the uterus, at the cellular, tissue, and organ levels. By comparing simulated abdomen-level magnetic field readings from our model to clinical ...
A. Gizzi, C. Cherubini, S. Migliori, and S. Filippi
Nonlinear Physics and Mathematical Modeling Lab, Engineering Faculty, University Campus Bio-Medico, Roma, Italy
International Center for Relativistic Astrophysics, University of Rome La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
Alberto Sordi Foundation, Research Institute on Aging, Roma, Italy
Postoperative or paralytic Ileus (PI) is a temporary aftermath of major abdominal surgeries. PI prevents the passage of food throughout the lumen leading to bloating, distension, emesis and pain. A plausible mathematical model for this phenomenology physiologically fine tuned including thermal variations, is presented here. Using COMSOL Multiphysics the existing intestinal ionic model have been ...
A. Altamirano, C. Toledo, A. Vera, R. Muñoz, and L. Leija
Centro de Investigacion y Estudios Avanzados
Instituto Politecnico Nacional
In this article, the aim is to study different types and forms of electromyography (EMG) electrodes, for bipolar configuration, and the electric interface with muscle phantom. COMSOL Multiphysics allows modeling shapes and contact surfaces. Surface and needle electrodes will be modeled. A number of different trials and combinations will be presented; exploring different geometric shapes and ...
Simulation of a Magnetic Induction Method for Determining Passive Electrical Property Changes of Human Trunk Due to Vital Activities
H. Mahdavi, J. Rosell Ferrer
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
The human body consists of many different types of tissues each with specific passive electrical properties. Vital activities lead to a characteristic change of these properties and geometrical changes. Magnetic induction is a non-contact method which can be used to determine these changes. The method is based on the creation of a primary magnetic field that will produce eddy currents in the ...