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Homogenized models of electrically-coupled excitable tissues

P. Goel

IISER
Pune
India

Pranay Goel received his B. Tech. in Engineering Physics from IIT Bombay, and MS and PhD in Physics from the University of Pittsburgh in 2003. He went on to two postodoctoral positions, the first at the Mathematical Biosciences Institute, The Ohio State University, and another at the Laboratory of Biological Modeling, The U.S. National Institutes of Health. He has been with IISER Pune since ...

Drug Distribution in the Human Eye

L. Murtomäki[1], T. Kainuvaara[1]
[1]University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Drug therapy of the posterior segment of an eye is very challenging due to the difficult accessibility. Modern drugs often are large molecules, such as peptides, antibodies or oligonucleotides which are administrated, e.g. by intravitreous injections which requires clinical conditions. Computer modeling can be helpful in designing new and less invasive routes of drug administration. COMSOL is ...

Simulation of a Magnetic Induction Method for Determining Passive Electrical Property Changes of Human Trunk Due to Vital Activities

H. Mahdavi[1], J. Rosell Ferrer[1]
[1]Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain

The human body consists of many different types of tissues each with specific passive electrical properties. Vital activities lead to a characteristic change of these properties and geometrical changes. Magnetic induction is a non-contact method which can be used to determine these changes. The method is based on the creation of a primary magnetic field that will produce eddy currents in the ...

A Multiscale-Multiphysics Model for Axon Pathfinding Simulation, the Example of the Olfactory System

G. Naldi[1], G. Aletti[1], P. Causin[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Matematica ‘F. Enriques’, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy

In the developing embryo, neurons form connections by projecting axons to appropriate target areas. The projection process includes neurite elongation, resulting from the assembly of new cytoskeletal material at the free end of the axon, a complex cascade of steering decisions, driven by biomechanical properties of the surrounding environment and by signals in it. In this work we focus on the ...

The Effects of the Electrical Double Layer on Giant Ionic Currents through Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes

G. Zhang[1][,][2][,][3], S.L. Bearden [1]
[1]Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
[2]Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
[3]Institute for Biological Interfaces of Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA

Electrofluidic transport through a single walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) is enhanced by electroosmosis. Electroosmosis is made possible in these devices by the combination of a large slip length within SWCNTs and the interfacial potential at the solution/nanotube interface. A computational model of a SWCNT device was developed using COMSOL Multiphysics to investigate the complete electrical ...

Downscale Finite Element Modeling of Aortic Valve Leaflets for In-Situ Estimation of Cell Level Mechanics

R. Buchanan[1], M. Sacks[1]
[1]Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences, Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Texas, Austin, TX, USA

As in all tissues, mechanical forces in the aortic valve (AV) modulate the constituent cell population’s physiology and biosynthetic activity. While advances have been made toward the understanding of this complex multi-scale relationship, the specific role that and extracellular matrix (ECM) coupling plays on the mechanical response of the AV interstitial cell (AVIC) is poorly understood. The ...

Deposition of Submicron Charged Spherical Particles in the Trachea of the Human Airways

H.O. Åkerstedt[1]
[1]Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden

This paper presents a numerical study of the deposition of submicron charged spherical particles caused by convection, Brownian and turbulent diffusion in a pipe with a smooth wall and with a cartilaginous ring wall structure (see figure). The model is supposed to describe deposition of charged particles in generation 0 (trachea) of the human lung.The problem is defined by solving the fluid flow ...

Can Oscillatory Convection Accelerate Signal Propagation in Simple Epithelium?

M. Nebyla[1], M. Pribyl[1]
[1]Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague, Department of Chemical Engineering, Prague, Czech Republic

We introduce a mathematical model of signal transmission in simple epithelial layers. The mathematical model consists of reaction-transport equations for extracellular ligands, cellular receptors, ligand-receptor complexes and a ligand releasing protease. We consider diffusion and nonstationary convective transport of protein ligands in the extracellular space. The study was carried out using ...

Optimization of 3D Layered Metal-Dielectric Stacks (MDS) for Near-Field Fluorescence Imaging

P.S. Tan[1], K. Elsayad[2], K. Heinze[1]
[1]Rudolf Virchow Center, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany
[2]Research Institute of Molecular Pathology (IMP), Vienna, Austria

Nano-structures consisting of layered metal-dielectric stacks (MDSs) can be designed to have evanescent transmission and reflection coefficients that oscillate as a function of transverse wavevector and frequency. However, these structures always suffer from the material losses and surface roughness that are detrimental to image reconstruction. As such, we propose an optimized planar anisotropic ...

Multiphysics Modelling and Simulation of Implantable Wireless MEMS Capacitive Sensor for Cardiovascular Diagnostics

R.Yogeswari[1], S.Venkateshwaran [1], K.Umapathi[1]
[1]United Institute of Technology,Coimbatore,Tamil Nadu, India

Monitoring the Central aorta is a more effective way to diagnose cardiovascular diseases than conventional techniques. Approximately, six million people in the world are currently living with aortic aneurysm and every year 750,000 new cases are diagnosed. This paper presents the design and simulation of biocompatible Wireless MEMS sensor for detection of intraoperative leaks of the stent graph ...