Inlay Fixed Partial Denture Framework 3-D Structural Integrity Validation Using COMSOL Multiphysics®
Department of Electrical Engineering and Automation, University of Vaasa, Vaasa, Finland
Manual manufacturing of inlay fixed partial denture frameworks by metal casting can take hours of dental practitioners work time. This paper introduces 3-D simulations of premanufactured inlay fixed partial denture framework assembled from laser cut sheet metal parts. The study gives a good estimation of how well the frameworks can withstand strong human occlusion forces and masticatory cycle. ...
Image-based Simulation of Electrical Impedance Techniques Applied on the Human Thorax for Cardio-pulmonary Applications
A. Harkara, R.M. Heethaar, R.T. Cotton, and F.K. Hermans
Simpleware Ltd., Exeter, UK
VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands
For medical diagnostic purposes there is an increasing need for non-(or minimal) invasive techniques to measure all kinds of parameters that can provide insight in the functioning of cells, organs or organ systems. Currently, Impedance Cardiography (ICG) is used for measurements of the heart and Electric Impedance Tomography (EIT) is used for investigating lung tissue condition. The PDE is ...
An Efficient Finite Element Analysis on an RF Structure Used to Evaluate the Effect of Microwave Radiation on Uveal Melanoma Cells
A. Dulipovici, D. Roman, I. Stiharu, and V. Nerguizian
École de technologie supérieure, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
The use of Microwave/RF energy on cancer cells is explored for tumor ablation using medium power level ranging between a few Watts to about 50 Watts. In this research, low power levels, less than 100 mWatt, are used to evaluate the effect of this energy on Uveal melanoma cells by proliferation tests. The COMSOL simulation of the RF structure used to evaluate the radiation energy on ...
A. Avanzini, and G. Donzella
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy
The mitral valve apparatus is a complex and refined mechanism located between the left atrium and the left ventricle of the heart which can manifest various kinds of pathologies. In order to support identification of potentially critical conditions resulting from some typical cardiosurgery operations, it is important to develop models of the mitral valve that enable prediction of both stress in ...
Electrical Stimulation of Brain using a realistic 3D Human Head Model: Improvement of Spatial Focality
A. Datta, M. Elwassif, and M. Bikson
Department of Biomedical Engineering, The City College of the CUNY, New York, NY, USA
We calculated the spatial distribution of the electric fields induced in the brain during transcranial current stimulation (TCS). The spatial focality obtained using ‘concentric-ring’ configurations is investigated using a realistic MRI derived 3D finite element model of the human head. Two disc electrode configurations were simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics. The distant-bipolar ...
The Effect of Cartilaginous Rings on Deposition by Convection, Brownian Diffusion and Electrostatics
Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden
This paper presents a numerical study of the deposition of spherical charged nanoparticles caused by convection and Brownian diffusion in a pipe with a cartilaginous ring structure. The model is supposed to describe deposition of charged particles in the upper generations of the tracheobronchial tree of the human lung. The upper airways are characterized by a certain wall structure called ...
D. Iber, D. Menshykau, and P. Germann
Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering
Organogenesis is a tightly regulated process that has been studied experimentally for decades. Computational models can help to integrate available knowledge and to better understand the underlying regulatory logic. We are currently studying mechanistic models for the development of limbs, lungs, kidneys, and bone. We have tested a number of alternative methods to solve our spatio-temporal ...
Simulation of a Magnetic Induction Method for Determining Passive Electrical Property Changes of Human Trunk Due to Vital Activities
H. Mahdavi, J. Rosell Ferrer
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
The human body consists of many different types of tissues each with specific passive electrical properties. Vital activities lead to a characteristic change of these properties and geometrical changes. Magnetic induction is a non-contact method which can be used to determine these changes. The method is based on the creation of a primary magnetic field that will produce eddy currents in the ...
An Assessment of the Suitability of the Body and Adult Head Coils for Transmission during Paediatric Magnetic Resonance Imaging
G.R. Cook, M.J. Graves, F.J. Robb, D.J. Lomas
Department of Radiology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
General Electric Healthcare Coils, Aurora, Ohio, USA
MRI offers many advantages over other modalities and its lack of ionizing radiation is important for children, but can be limited by the radio-frequency (RF) coils available. This work calculates Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) and homogeneity of the RF transmit field (B1+) when imaging infants in adult coils. Two birdcage-type coils were loaded by a tissue model and their B1+ homogeneities ...
J. Wala, D. Maji, S. Dhara, S. Das
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India
Cells are complex entities which not only passively sense external stimuli (viz. chemical, optical or mechanical) but also interact with extracellular matrix (ECM) by regulating cellular behavior such as growth, proliferation, migration, etc. Monitoring cell growth and migration of adherent cells becomes a crucial factor in determining cell-cell and cell-substrate interaction, important for ...