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COMSOL-News-Magazine-2017
COMSOL-News-Magazine-2017-Special-edition-acoustics
COMSOL News Magazine 2017

血管对肿瘤的光热疗法的影响

吴淑莲 [1], 李晖 [2], 李志芳 [2],
[1] 福建师范大学,福州,中国
[2] 福建师范大学,福州,中国

引言:激光诱导间质肿瘤热疗法是一种可使生物组织局部地方凝结坏死的肿瘤疾病治疗方法,目前已经用于肝、脑等各部位的肿瘤治疗[1-2]。为了更好地进行肿瘤疾病的治疗,需要实时地对组织的温度和热损伤进行监控,而检测技术很难实现对肿瘤治疗过程的实时监测,故数值计算成为研究光热疗法的有力工具[2-6]。本模型将生物组织光传输的物理场与热传输的物理场相耦合,考虑组织光热参数随温度变化的情况,研究了肿瘤周围含有大动脉的情况时组织的温度分布随时间的变化情况,研究结果对指导临床医学肿瘤治疗有重要意义。 COMSOL Multiphysics® 的软件使用: 几何模型:如图1所示,圆柱代表光源,圆形区域代表肝脏肿瘤,弯曲圆柱代表大血管,大正方体代表肝脏。 PDE 接口和生物传热接口,选择生物组织的热损伤。 结果: 如图2,图3所示,在加热过程中,开始时血管对温度分布几乎无影响,但是随着加热时间变长 ...

Modeling Interface Response in Cellular Adhesion

G. Megali[1], D. Pellicanò[1], M. Cacciola[1], F. Calarco[1], D. De Carlo[1], F. Laganà[1], and F.C. Morabito[1]

[1]DIMET Department, Faculty of Engineering, University “Mediterranea” of Reggio Calabria, Reggio Calabria, Italy

Constitutive properties of living cells are able to withstand physiological environment as well as mechanical stimuli occurring within and outside the body. We examined fluid flow and Neo-Hookean deformation related to the rolling effect. A mechanical model to describe the cellular adhesion with detachment is here proposed. We developed a finite element analysis, simulating blood cells attached ...

Non-Newtonian Hemodynamics and Shear Stress Distribution in Three Dimensional Model of Healthy and Stented Coronary Artery Bifurcation

M.M. Zarandi[1], R. Mongrain[1], and O.F. Bertrand[2]
[1]McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
[2]Laval University Quebec City, QC, Canada

In this paper, a three-dimensional model of the coronary artery bifurcation is developed and physiological flow in the both healthy and stented coronary artery bifurcation is modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics. Wall shear stress induced by endovascular stents in the coronary artery bifurcation is analyzed considering both non- Newtonian and Newtonian flow models. Our simulations shows that the ...

Evaluation of Binary Mixture Models for 3D Printed Biosensors

J. Persad [1], S. Rocke [1], D. Ringis [1], A. Abdool [1],
[1] Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago

3D printing as applied to the area of electronics manufacture covers a broad range of traditional printing technologies [1]. The attraction in 3D printing lies in its potential to disrupt the traditional photolithographic/subtractive manufacturing line with simpler additive processes. Additive electronics manufacturing which utilises 3D printing techniques allow for fewer production steps and ...

Bending of a Stented Atherosclerotic Artery

H.C. Wong[1], K.N. Cho[1], and W.C. Tang[1]

[1]Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California, Irvine, California, USA

Atherosclerosis causes the deposition of plaque on the inner walls of arteries, which leads to restricted blood flow. Using the balloon angioplasty procedure, stents can be inserted and expanded in the atherosclerotic artery. We used COMSOL Multiphysics Structural Mechanics, Solid Stress-Strain module to perform static, large deformation analyses. Our results show that lower stent stresses were ...

Some Clinical and Computational Studies On Haemodynamics In Stenosed Artery

A. Chanda, A.R. Choudhury, G. Ray, K. Dasgupta, and D. Nag
Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Atherosclerosis in arteries is caused by the formation of stenosis : fatty depositions, on the artery wall. In current medicine, the practice is to observe the maximum percentage occlusion at any arbitrary cross-section and diagnose the patient on that basis, which might not always present the real picture due to non-uniformity of the stenosis thickness. The present work attempts to simulate the ...

Computational design and analysis of Microwave Tomography in Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Priyadarshini Natarajan [1], Rajkumar ElagiriRamalingam[1]
[1]Division of Biomedical Engineering, School of Biosciences and Technology, VIT University, Tamil Nadu, India

Intracerebral hemorrhage is a condition where a blood vessel in the brain ruptures and causes internal bleeding leading to hemorrhagic stroke. 800 in every 100,000 people suffer from stroke each year and it's one of the major causes of mortality worldwide. Diagnosis involves Neurological examination with MRI/CT scans which is costly and time consuming. Microwave Tomography (MWT) is proposed as a ...

Biosimulation of Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

K. Shahim[1], J-M. Drezet[1], J-F. Molinari[2], S. Momjian[3], and R. Sinkus[4]

[1]LSMX, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
[2]LSMS, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
[3]University Hospitals of Geneva and University of Geneva, Switzerland
[4]Waves and Acoustics Laboratory, ESPCI, Paris, France

A numerical finite element model of one human brain is built in COMSOL in order to study a particular form of hydrocephalus, the so called Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH). The geometry of the ventricles and the skull is obtained by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and imported in COMSOL Multiphysics. Form the mechanical point of view, the brain parenchyma is modeled as a porous medium fully ...

Prediction of Time of Death Using a Heat Transport Model

J.L. Smart[1], and M. Kaliszan[2]
[1]University of Kentucky, Paducah, KY, USA
[2]Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland

COMSOL Multiphysics® 4.0 was used to study conductive and convective heat transfer from the human eyeball to the surrounding air. Postmortem temperature decay curves were collected in eyeballs of numerous human corpses. Of course, these curves represent only a portion of the complete temperature decay curve, since the pathologist is able to start collecting temperature data only after some ...

Numerical Prediction of Particle Dynamics Within a Cytometer. Application to Counting and Sizing by Impendance Measurement

D. Isèbe[1]
[1]HORIBA Medical, Montpellier, France

This paper describes how to numerically tackle the problem of counting and sizing particles by impedance measurement in an orifice–electrode system. The model simulate the particle dynamics submitted to strong hydrodynamic stresses through a microorifice and compute the voltage pulses generated by the modification of the inner dielectric medium. This FSI problem is solved on a moving mesh by ...