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Comparison Between Turbulent and Laminar Bubbly-Flow for Modeling H2/H2O Separation

E. Amores Vera[1], J. Rodríguez Ruiz[1]
[1]Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno, Puertollano, Spain

One of the most critical aspects on water electrolysis is gas-liquid separation, especially in systems with forced convection. The main problem of this kind of circulation is that a gas fraction could return to the electrolysis circuit. A suitable design of separator devices could be a solution in order to avoid a gas return to the electrolysis circuit. In this sense, the use of deflectors might ...

Modeling Galvanic Corrosion

E. Gutierrez-Miravete[1], M. Turner[2]
[1]Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Groton, CT, USA

Galvanic corrosion is encountered in marine applications because one often has dissimilar metal joints and seawater acts as an electrolyte. One metal acts predominantly as anode and undergoes material dissolution while the other acts predominantly as cathode and is the site where a cathodic reaction takes place. Assuming a stagnant electrolyte, the equation governing the distribution of ...

Mathematical Modeling of a Lithium Ion Battery

R. E. White[1], and Long Cai[2]
[1]R.E. White & Associates LLC, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA

The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL’s Multiphysics  software is extended to include the thermal effects. The thermal behavior of a lithium ion battery is studied during the galvanostatic discharge process with and without a pulse. The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL 3.5a is extended by adding an energy balance and the temperature dependence of properties of ...

Thermal Management of Li-ion Battery Packs - new

D. Adair[1], K. Ismailov[2], Z. Bakenov[3]
[1]School of Engineering, Nazarbayev University, Astana, Kazakhstan
[2]CPS, Nazarbayev University, Astana, Kazakhstan
[3]Institute of Batteries, Astana, Kazakhstan

A design for the thermal management of the media used for packing Li-ion batteries used in hybrid and electric vehicles has been developed. The design satisfies all thermal and physical issues relating to the battery packs used in vehicles such as operating temperature range and volume, and, should increase battery life cycle and charge and discharge performances. Particular attention was ...

Modeling of Charge Transport in Ion Bipolar Junction Transistors

A.V. Volkov[1], K. Tybrandt[1], I.V. Zozoulenko[1], M. Berggren[1]
[1]Organic Electronics, ITN, Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden

Modeling of an ion bipolar junction transistor (IBJT) is performed using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. Our model describes the IBJT which was developed and characterized [1]. The IBJT under consideration consists of an anion-selective collector and emitter, a cation-selective base and a neutral junction. The physical model is based on Poisson and Nernst-Planck (PNP) equations. A two ...

CFD Modeling and Analysis of a Planar Anode Supported Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell - new

N. Lemcoff[1], M. Tweedie[2]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]Enthone, West Haven, CT, USA

A planar anode-supported intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell operating on syngas fuel at 750°C was analyzed in this study. The effects of varying syngas fuel inlet compositions on species and temperature distributions, water gas shift reaction rate, potential for carbon formation and electrochemistry were considered. A 2-D COMSOL® model was developed which included separate defined ...

Current Density Distribution and Material Removal Behavior on the Graphite/Iron-matrix Interface in Cast Iron Under Pulse Electrochemical Machining Conditions

O. Weber[1], R. Kollmannsperger[2], D. Bähre[2]
[1]Center for Mechatronics and Automatization, Saarbrücken, Germany
[2]Institute of Production Engineering, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, Germany

The Pulse Electrochemical Machining is especially suitable for the precise production of complex geometric contours with high precision and high surface quality demands in workpieces in series manufacturing. During this process, the negative structure of an electrode is copied to the workpiece without sub-surface damages. An adequate knowledge of the current density distribution and thus of the ...

Large and High Power Cylindrical Batteries - Analysis of the Battery Pack Temperature Distributions Using the COMSOL Multiphysics® and MATLAB® Simulation Softwares - new

O. Capron[1], A. Samba[1], N. Omar[1], H. Gualous[2], P. Van den Bossche[1], J. Van Mierlo[1]
[1]MOBI - Mobility, Logistics and Automotive Technology Research Centre, VUB - Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
[2]Laboratoire LUSAC, Université de Caen Basse Normandie, Cherbourg-Octeville, France

The temperature distributions inside two packs (in-line and staggered) made of large cylindrical lithium iron phosphate cells (of 18 Ah nominal capacity) are analysed in this paper during a 90 A constant discharge current. The analysis of the battery packs temperature distributions is based on the results obtained with a two-dimensional modelling approach. For both packs, the simulations ...

Numerical Modeling of the Bistability of Electrolyte Transport in Conical Nanopores

H. White[1], L. Luo[1]
[1]Department of Chemistry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA

A characteristic feature of nanochannels is that surface properties (e.g., electrical charge) play a more significant role in the transport of fluid and electrolyte. Two oppositely directed flows (electroosmotic flow and pressure-driven flow) determine the flow profile at the nanopore orifice as well as electrolyte distribution. Once there are two electrolyte solutions with different ...

Numerical Analysis of Propeller-induced Low-frequency Modulations in Underwater Electric Potential Signatures of Naval Vessels in the Context of Corrosion Protection Systems

D. Schaefer[1], J. Doose[2], A. Rennings[1], and D. Erni[1]
[1]General and Theoretical Electrical Engineering (ATE), Faculty of Engineering, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
[2]Technical Center for Ships and Naval Weapons (WTD 71), Bundeswehr, Eckernförde, Germany

Since October 2009 the laboratory of ATE has carried out collaborative research with the WTD 71 that aims for prediction, reduction and optimization of so-called underwater electric potential (UEP) signatures. COMSOL is used to simulate potential distributions in the context of impressed current cathodic protection (ICCP) systems. The electrode kinetics is considered by using boundary conditions ...