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Mathematical Modeling of a Lithium Ion Battery

R. E. White[1], and Long Cai[2]
[1]R.E. White & Associates LLC, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA

The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL’s Multiphysics  software is extended to include the thermal effects. The thermal behavior of a lithium ion battery is studied during the galvanostatic discharge process with and without a pulse. The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL 3.5a is extended by adding an energy balance and the temperature dependence of properties of ...

CFD Modeling and Analysis of a Planar Anode Supported Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell - new

N. Lemcoff[1], M. Tweedie[2]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]Enthone, West Haven, CT, USA

A planar anode-supported intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell operating on syngas fuel at 750°C was analyzed in this study. The effects of varying syngas fuel inlet compositions on species and temperature distributions, water gas shift reaction rate, potential for carbon formation and electrochemistry were considered. A 2-D COMSOL® model was developed which included separate defined ...

Parameter Estimation in a Single Particle Model Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software and MATLAB® Optimization

B. Rajabloo [1], M. Désilets [1], Y. Choquette [2],
[1] Département de Génie Chimique et de Génie Biotechnologique, Université de Sherbrooke, QC, Canada
[2] Institut de recherche d’Hydro-Québec, Varennes, QC, Canada

When it comes to study the behavior of the secondary batteries, physics-based models are more representative of the real behaviour than equivalent circuit models, especially for the estimation of the life and capacity fading. On the other hand, the complexity and computational cost of sophisticated physics-based models like pseudo two-dimensional (P2D) models justify the use of more simplified ...

Modeling Galvanic Corrosion

E. Gutierrez-Miravete[1], M. Turner[2]
[1]Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Groton, CT, USA

Galvanic corrosion is encountered in marine applications because one often has dissimilar metal joints and seawater acts as an electrolyte. One metal acts predominantly as anode and undergoes material dissolution while the other acts predominantly as cathode and is the site where a cathodic reaction takes place. Assuming a stagnant electrolyte, the equation governing the distribution of ...

Heat Generation Modeling of Two Lithium Batteries: from the Cell to the Pack in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

J. Stoudmann [1], R. Rozsnyo [1], T. Mackin [2], J. Dunning [2]
[1] Haute École du paysage, d'ingénierie et d'architecture, Genève, Switzerland
[2] California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA, USA

A thermal model to predict the heat generation during the charge and discharge of a battery pack is an essential tool to manage the thermal behavior, performance and life of the batteries. In this work, a battery cell is modeled in COMSOL Multiphysics® using the Batteries and Fuel Cells module.

Computational Optimization of Battery Grid for Efficiency and Performance Improvement

V. Panneerselvam [1], R. C. Thiagarajan [1]
[1] ATOA Scientific Technologies Pvt Ltd, Bengaluru, India

Battery grids are critical system used in automobile, renewable energy, medical devices and mobile phones. Research efforts are directed to increase energy density, longevity and reduce the cost. This paper is related to computational optimisation of lead acid battery for efficiency and performance improvement. Battery grid is the precursor for the active material and current distribution in ...

Thermal Management of Li-ion Battery Packs - new

D. Adair[1], K. Ismailov[2], Z. Bakenov[3]
[1]School of Engineering, Nazarbayev University, Astana, Kazakhstan
[2]CPS, Nazarbayev University, Astana, Kazakhstan
[3]Institute of Batteries, Astana, Kazakhstan

A design for the thermal management of the media used for packing Li-ion batteries used in hybrid and electric vehicles has been developed. The design satisfies all thermal and physical issues relating to the battery packs used in vehicles such as operating temperature range and volume, and, should increase battery life cycle and charge and discharge performances. Particular attention was ...

Numerical Modeling of Pit Growth in Microstructure

S. Qidwai[1], N. Kota[2], V. DeGiorgi[1]
[1]Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC, USA
[2]Science Applications International Corporation, Washington, DC, USA

Pitting corrosion is a complex phenomenon where rates of: i) chemical reactions, ii) diffusion of various species involve in those reactions, and iii) species dissolution at the metal-electrolyte interface are fully dependent on each other, except under special conditions or assumptions. One set of such conditions is that: a) there are no species concentration gradients due to the rapid mixing ...

Impact of Electrode Surface/Volume Ratio on Li-ion Battery Performance - new

S. Das[1], J. Li[2], R. Hui[1]
[1]University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA
[2]Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA

The adoption of micro- and nanostructured electrodes is a promising technique to improve the performance of Li-ion battery, which increases the electrode surface area and improves the efficiency of ion exchange between the electrode and electrolyte. This performance improvement is supported by the results of our numerical simulation based of a Li+ battery in COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The ...

Cooling and Hardening during Injection Molding of Field Joint Coatings for Deep Sea Pipelines

L. Van Lokeren [1], R. Verhelle [1], S. Loulidi [1], H. Boyd [2], G. Ridolfi [2], G. Van Assche [1]
[1] Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
[2] Heerema Marine Contractors, Leiden, The Netherlands

A multilayer polymer coating is applied to carbon steel pipelines installed in the sea to protect against corrosion and to insulate to maintain the temperature. For field joint coatings, both thermosets (like polyurethane) and semi-crystalline thermoplastics (like polypropylene) are commonly used. To predict the temperature and crystallinity or conversion of the polymer during the cooling ...