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Tertiary Current Distributions on the Wafer in a Plating Cell

L. Tong[1]
[1]Keisoku Engineering System Co., Tokyo, Japan

The tertiary current distributions on the wafer in a plating cell are studied in this work. An acid copper sulfate electrolyte composed of CuSO4/5H2O of 2.4 g/L and H2SO4 of 90 g/L is taken into account for copper deposition on the wafer. The solution of shear-plate agitating fluid dynamics is coupled into the calculation of tertiary current distributions. The obtained distributions of tertiary ...

Hierarchical Modeling of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells

J. Dujc[1], J.O. Schumacher[1]
[1]Zurich University of Applied Sciences (ZHAW), Institute of Computational Physics (ICP), Winterthur, Switzerland

A finite element model of a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) is described in this paper. We divide the PEMFC into two separate and parallel 2D regions which are connected by the 1D regions representing the membrane electrode assembly (MEA). COMSOL Multiphysics® was used as a development tool for hierarchical 1D MEA models. Here we present a 1D model that is based on seven governing ...

Modeling of Charge Transport in Ion Bipolar Junction Transistors

A.V. Volkov[1], K. Tybrandt[1], I.V. Zozoulenko[1], M. Berggren[1]
[1]Organic Electronics, ITN, Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden

Modeling of an ion bipolar junction transistor (IBJT) is performed using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. Our model describes the IBJT which was developed and characterized [1]. The IBJT under consideration consists of an anion-selective collector and emitter, a cation-selective base and a neutral junction. The physical model is based on Poisson and Nernst-Planck (PNP) equations. A two ...

Influence of Electrode Kinetics on Lithium-ion Battery Characteristics

H. Machrafi[1,2], S. Cavadias[2]
[1]University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Liège, Belgium
[2]University Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratoire des Procédés Plasma et Traitement de Surface, Paris, France

The purpose of this work is to show whether an important difference in Lithium solid concentration and electrolyte concentration can be observed in a Lithium-ion battery model, when considering either the Butler-Volmer kinetics or the Tafel kinetics for describing the electrode kinetics (including a boundary layer between the electrolyte and the electrode particles). During discharge, the ...

Numerical Results of Two 3D Coupled Models of a Unitary PEM Fuel Cell of 144cm² - new

E. Robalinho[1], E. F. Cunha[2], M. Linardi[2]
[1]Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
[2]IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

This computational implementation presents a new strategy of coupling two 3D models to satisfy the requirements of the comprehensive model of a unitary Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cell, including its internal geometries and constitutive materials, as well as distinct physical and chemical processes. Those different simultaneous processes required computational effort and the solution was the ...

Numerical Analysis of Distribution and Evolution of Reaction Current Density in Discharge Process of Lithium-Ion Power Battery

Y. Tang [1], M. Jia [1], J. Li [1], Y. Lai [1], Y. Cheng [1], Y. Liu [1]
[1] School of Metallurgy and Environment, Central South University, Changsha, China

The reaction current density is an important process parameter of lithium-ion battery, significantly influencing its electrochemical performance. In this study, aimed at the discharge process of lithium-ion power battery, an electrochemical-thermal model was established to analyze the distribution of the reaction current density at various parts of the cathode and its evolution with the time of ...

Numerical Study of Microfluidic Fuel Cell Performance

A. E. Khabbazi[1], A.J. Richards[1], and M. Hoorfar[1]
[1]School of Engineering, UBC Okanagan, Kelowna, BC Canada, Canada

Using COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5, a numerical model has been developed to determine the effect of the channel geometry and electrode configuration on cell performance based on polarization curves. The Butler-Volmer equation was implemented to determine the reaction rates at the electrodes. The Conductive Media DC module is used to model the electric fields within the fuel cell.

Rechargeable Battery for Hybrid Diesel-Electric Locomotive

Michael A. Vallance
Team Leader, GE Global Research

Over time, rechargeable batteries degrade and eventually stop working. You see some combination of declining capacity, rapid self-discharge, and reduced power. Degradation mode depends on battery design, but also on the application. Often, multiple physical processes contribute to degradation. In the laboratory, you can measure performance degradation. You can dissect the battery to discover ...

Zinc Corrosion in a Crevice

C. Taxén, and D. Persson
Swerea-Kimab, Stockholm, Sweden

Corrosion of metals in confined zones is a big industrial problem. The electrochemistry of such localized corrosion processes is complicated by the impact of the corrosion processes on the composition of the local solution. In the present problem, local interaction with the atmosphere causes uptake of O2 and CO2 and evaporation of water from the initially dilute NaCl-solution. This model ...

Magneto-hydrodynamic Flow in Electrolyte Solutions

M. Qin[1], and H. Bau[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, USA

The paper presents and compares two models for simulating magneto-hydrodynamic flow of RedOx electrolyte in a conduit patterned with circular pillars. The first model solves the coupled Nernst-Planck and Navier-Stokes equations subjected to Butler-Volmer electrode kinetics and provides detailed information on ions’ concentrations. The second model treats the electrolyte as a conductor, and ...