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Influence of Air Gap Length and Cross-Section on Magnetic Circuit Parameters - new

A. Polit[1], R. Jez[1]
[1]ABB Corporate Research Center, Krakow, Poland

The air gap is one of the most crucial part of magnetic circuits, especially in high-power inductors. It significantly modifies the parameters of magnetic devices by increasing the saturation current, linearizing B-H curve of magnetic circuit and causing a decreasing in the inductance. Therefore the optimal selection of shape and dimensions of the air gap is very important from the design point ...

Theory of Proportional Solenoids and Magnetic Force Calculation Using COMSOL Multiphysics

O. Vogel, and J. Ulm
Heilbronn University
Campus Künzelsau
Künzelsau, Germany

Proportional solenoids are well-known and used in a wide range of applications today. This paper is about methods of influencing the characteristic force-stroke-curves of magnetic actuators by means of different pole geometries. The conical design of the stator pole which is mostly used to accomplish proportional solenoids is analyzed by both a simple analytic reluctance model and a FEM model ...

Multiphysics Simulation of Thermoelectric Systems - Modeling of Peltier-Cooling and Thermoelectric Generation

M. Jaegle
Fraunhofer-Institute for Physical Measurement-Techniques (IPM), Freiburg, Germany

Electro-thermal interaction is commonly considered only as a matter of joule heating. In addition, the Seebeck-, Peltier- and Thompson-Effects are significant in materials with high thermoelectric figure of merit Z. These thermoelectric materials have a high Seebeck-coefficient α, a good electric conductivity σ, and a poor thermal conductivity λ. They have widespread areas of ...

The Design of a Multilayer Planar Transformer for DC/DC Converter with a Resonant Inverter - new

M. Puskarczyk[1], R. Jez [1]
[1]ABB Corporate Research Center, Krakow, Poland

Multilayer planar transformers are widely implemented in power electronic applications. The design process of these elements is complicated due to the complexity of a magnetic circuit and high frequency interactions between windings. Additionally, an analytical approach to the analysis (based on mathematical formulas) can be uncertain. The applied FEM method of the analysis can be a solution to ...

Improving Intranasal Drug Delivery to the Olfactory Region Using Magnetophoretic Guidance - new

J. Xi[1], Z. Zhang[1], X. Si[2], H. Nanda[3], A. Ayoola[3]
[1]Mechanical & Biomedical Engineering, Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, MI, USA
[2]Mechanical Engineering, California Baptist University, Riverside, CA, USA
[3]Calvin College, Grand Rapids, MI, USA

1. It is feasible to focus and guide nanoparticles with permanent magnets and ferromagnetic particles to achieve clinically significant olfactory dosages. 2. With appropriate magnetophoretic guidance and selective drug release, an olfactory delivery efficiency of more than 20% can be achieved. 3. The optimal particle size range for magnetophoretic guidance is 10−15 µm.

Sensitivity Analysis of Different Models of Piezoresistive Micro Pressure Sensors

S. Meenatchisundaram[1], S. M. Kulkarni[2], S. Bhat
[1]Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Surathkal, Karnataka, India.

Piezoresistive pressure sensors have received much attention over the years because of low cost, simple measurement techniques, etc. There is a challenge in design with respect to appropriate positioning, shape and temperature compensation. Different models of piezoresistive pressure sensors are proposed to enhance its sensitivity in terms of output voltage. This paper aims in sensitivity ...

Towards Optimized Neural Stimulation in a Device for Urinary Incontinence

A.N. Shiraz[1], A. Demosthenous[1]
[1]E&EE Department, University College London, London, United Kingdom

After spinal cord injury (SCI) the functions of the lower urinary tract are often disrupted and may have fatal consequences for the patient. It has been shown that using a transrectal probe developed by Craggs et al., through conditional transrectal stimulation of pudendal nerve, it is possible to treat hyperreflexia in some of the SCI patients. To maximise the efficacy of this type of ...

Electrical Conductivity Modeling and Validation in Unidirectional Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites

P. Banerjee[1], J. L. Schmidt[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA

Carbon fiber (CF) reinforced polymer composites (CFRP) have begun to replace Al-Zn-Mg alloys in applications which require high strength-to-weight ratios. The anisotropy of CFRP composites is a result of melt crystallized extrusion techniques that impart an inherent directionality to the CFs and the associated material’s properties. Electrical conductivity was modeled across the entire CF ...

Electro-Stimulating Implants for Bone Regeneration: Parameter Analysis on Design and Implant Position

Y. Su[1], R. Souffrant[1], D. Klüß[1], R. Bader[1], M. Ellenrieder[1], and H. Ewald[2]
[1]Department of Orthopaedics, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
[2]Department of General Electrical Engineering, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany

A common clinical treatment is the application of alternating electromagnetic fields using a screw implant to the weak bone tissue within the femoral head, which speed up the bone regeneration in case of avascular necrosis of the femoral head . In our present work the bipolar induction screw system as the depicted ASNIS S-Series screw with integrated coil and electrodes were investigated. ...

A Comparison Between an A-V and V Formulation in Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

B. Granula[1], K. Porzig[2], H. Toepfer[2], M. Gacanovic[1]
[1]University of Banja Luka, Banja Luka, Bosnia-Herzegovina
[2]Technische Universität Ilmenau, Ilmenau, Germany

The prediction of the exact location and intensity of the electric field induced in the human brain during Transcranial magnetic stimulation is a nontrivial computational task. Numerical simulations of the procedure can be used to acquire first approximations in a safe and controlled environment. In order to make this approach more accessible, it is necessary to reduce computation time as much ...

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