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Numerical Simulation of Warm-Air Drying of Mexican Softwood (Pinus Pseudostrobus)

S. Sandoval Torres[1], E. Hernández-Bautista[1], J. Rodríguez-Ramírez[1], A. Carrillo Parra[2]
[1]Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIIDIR, Oaxaca, Mexico
[2]Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Linares, N.L. México

In this work, the numerical simulation of Mexican softwood (Pinus pesudostrobus) drying is presented by solving a physics-based model. The model was developed by considering the heat and mass transport and the representative elementary volume, which involves the solid, liquid and gas phases. We solved a system of partial differential equations by numerical factorization in COMSOL Multiphysics 3 ...

Numerical Simulations of Methane Aromatization with and without a Ceramic Hydrogen Separation Membrane

Z. Li[1], C. Kjølseth[2], S. Hernandez Morejudo[3], R. Haugsrud[1]
[1]University of Oslo, Department of Chemistry, FERMiO, Oslo, Norway
[2]Protia, Oslo, Norway
[3]University of Oslo, Department of Chemistry, InGAP, Oslo, Norway

Oxygen-free methane aromatization has been attracting growing attention due to a potential means for producing high valuable products such as aromatics and hydrogen. Many studies have been focused on catalysts screening and characterization, and elementary thermodynamic steps of the reaction. However, little attention has been paid to fluid dynamics which are important for an industrial ...

Investigation of the Effect of Spinal Defects on Spondylolysis and Stress Fracture of Vertebral Bodies

M.S. Yeoman[1], C. Quah[2], A. Cizinauskas[1], K. Cooper[1], D. McNally[5], B. Boszczyk[2]
[1]Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
[2]The Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
[5]Bioengineering Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Spondylolysis (SL) is a defect of the spinal vertebra, and is typically caused by stress fracture of the pars interarticularis bone of the vertebral arch. It is especially common in adolescents who over train in sporting activities. Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a malformation of the spine where the protruding vertebral bodies are not fully formed. In this study we demonstrate the predisposition ...

COMSOL Computational Fluid Dynamics for Microreactors Used in Volatile Organic Compounds Catalytic Elimination

M. Olea[1], S. Odiba[1], S. Hodgson[1], A. Adgar[1]
[1]School of Science and Engineering, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, United Kingdom

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that will evaporate easily into the air at room temperature and contribute majorly to the formation of photochemical ozone. They are emitted as gases from certain solids and liquids in to the atmosphere and affect indoor and outdoor air quality. They includes acetone, benzene, ethylene glycol, formaldehyde, methylene chloride, ...

Numerical Simulation Study on the Heat and Mass Transfer Through Multi-Layer Textile Assemblies

S.F. Neves[1], J.J.B.L.M. Campos[1], T.S. Mayor[2]
[1]CEFT – Transport Phenomena Research Center, Chemical Engineering Department, Porto University, Porto, Portugal
[2]CeNTI - Centre for Nanotechology and Smart Materials, Rua Fernando Mesquita, Vila Nova de Famalicão, Portugal

A clothing system should offer the user a period of relatively comfort. However, changes in the ambient conditions over day affect the heat and mass transport in the system, influencing the user comfort perception. In order to gather information to allow the optimization of clothing systems, it is essential to understand the heat and moisture transfer occurring across multi-layer textiles. For ...

Ventilation System of a Microwave Assisted Drying Kiln

A.-G. Ghiaus[1], M.-A. Istrate[1], A. Georgescu[1]
[1]Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, Romania

The paper presents the analysis and optimization of the ventilation system inside of a drying lumber kiln. As with any part of the manufacturing process, improper drying techniques cause quality degradation and considerable amount of energy loose. The improvement and optimization of air distribution systems in drying kilns contributes to the preservation of the wood quality. The performance of ...

FEM Based Design and Simulation Tool for MRI Birdcage Coils Including Eigenfrequency Analysis

N. Gurler[1], Y. Ziya Ider[1]
[1]Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey

Designing a Radio Frequency (RF) birdcage coil used in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) at high frequencies where the wavelength is comparable with the coil dimensions is a challenging task. Before construction of the coil, not only calculating the capacitance value which is necessary for the coil to resonate at the desired frequency but also geometrically modeling the coil in a 3D simulation ...

Simulation of Current Density for Electroplating on Silicon Using a Hull Cell

F. Lima[1], U. Mescheder[1], H. Reinecke[3]
[1]Hochschule Furtwangen University, Furtwangen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
[3]Institut für Mikrosystemtechnik, Freiburg im Breisgau, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany

Electrodeposition has a major advantage over other methods of thin film deposition. It allows deposition at atmospheric pressure and room temperature, requiring inexpensive equipment. However, there are several parameters which can influence an electroplated metal layer quality. The current density distribution is taken into consideration. The Hull cell is an electrodeposition tank with a ...

Thermal Simulations of a LED Light Using COMSOL Multiphysics

M. Maaspuro[1]
[1]University of Turku, Turku, FInland

An experimental LED light composed of a multi-chip LED-module, a LED driver and an efficient heat sink, was investigated using COMSOL Multiphysics software and the Heat Transfer Module. In an LED light heat is mainly generated in the LEDs but some amount of heat is generated also in the LED driver. The main target of the simulations was to resolve the junction temperatures of LEDs, the most ...

COMSOL Analysis of Acoustic Streaming and Microparticle Acoustophoresis

H. Bruus[1], P.B. Muller[1], R. Barnkob[1], M.J.H. Jensen[2]
[1]Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark
[2]COMSOL, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark

We have simulated the ultrasound-induced acoustophoretic motion of microparticles suspended in an aqueous solution. The full first-order thermoviscous acoustics equations have been implented on a rectangular microfluidic 2D domain excited with an ultrasound field tuned to resonance near 2 MHz. The micrometer-thin but crucial viscous boundary layers at the rigid walls have been fully resolved. ...

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