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COMSOL-News-Magazine-2017
COMSOL-News-Magazine-2017-Special-edition-acoustics
COMSOL News Magazine 2017

Numerical Modeling of Cold Crucible Induction Melting

I. Quintana[1], Z. Azpilgain[1], D. Pardo[2], and I. Hurtado[1]
[1]Mechanical and Industrial Production Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mondragon Unibertsitatea, Loramendi 4, Mondragon 20500 Gipuzkoa, Spain
[2]Department of Applied Mathematics, Statistics, and Operational Research, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Leioa, Spain, and IKERBASQUE (Basque Foundation for Sciences), Bilbao, Spain

This paper describes a numerical solution method for the simulation of a cold crucible induction melting (CCIM) process involving the coupling of electromagnetic, temperature and turbulent velocity fields. During the CCIM process, the metal charge is contained on a water cooled segmented copper crucible, and the energy necessary to heat, melt, and overheat the charge is generated by an ...

Analysis of a Three-phase Transformer Using COMSOL Multiphysics and a Virtual Reality Environment

A.Buchau, and W. M. Rucker
Institut für Theorie der Elektrotechnik
Universität Stuttgart
Stuttgart, Germany

The simulation software COMSOL Multiphysics is applied to the numerical com-putation of the magnetic fields of a three-phase transformer. A three-dimensional model of the geometrical configuration is created with the help of the CAD tools of COMSOL Multiphysics. There, all dimensions of the transformer are defined by parameters. The creation of an optimal finite element mesh is improved by some ...

Design and Optimization of a High Performance Ultrasound Imaging Probe Through FEM and KLM Model

L. Spicci, and M. Cati
Esaote SpA
Florence, Italy

The present paper describes the development of a full FEM model for linear array high performance 5MHz ultrasound imaging transducer. As a preliminary design, a mono dimensional electro-acoustical KLM model was realized, then the complete FEM was developed and optimized. The optimized transducer was manufactured, so that agreement between transducer measured performances and simulation ...

The Effect of Different Geometries on the Thermal Mantle Convection

M. Herein, and A. Galsa
Department of Geophysics
Eötvös University
Budapest, Hungary

For the numerical solving of the equations, Comsol has been applied. Simulations have been modeled in 2D Cartesian, in cylindrical coordinate system and in a “mantle-like” cylindrical-shell. Mantle dynamics is controlled by the Rayleigh number (Ra), which is the ratio of the buoyancy and viscous force. The effect of Ra has been studied in the range of 1e4 to 1e7. The significance of the ...

Efficient Simulation of 3D Electro-optical Waveguides Using the Effective Refractive Index Method

M. Herlitschke, M. Blasl, and F. Costache
Fraunhofer Institute for Photonic Microsystems
Dresden, Germany

3D FEM simulation of millimeter-scale, complex electro-optically induced waveguide based devices demands the use of grids with more than several million nodes. Hence the simulation could take substantial time and require large amounts of available memory. This paper presents a computation algorithm based on the conversion of an initial 3D waveguide structure into an analogous 2D structure, ...

Current Distribution and Magnetic Fields in Complex Structures Using Comsol Multiphysics

S. F. Madsen, and C. Falkenstrøm Mieritz
Highvoltage.dk ApS
Lejre, Denmark

The present paper presents numerical calculations of the magnetic fields and the current distribution within a wind turbine nacelle. The results are used by control system engineers designing panels and cables, who must ensure that the immunity of the equipment complies with the environment within the turbine. Since the release of the International standard concerning lightning protection of ...

Simulation of Electrochemical Etching of Silicon with COMSOL

A. Ivanov
Hochschule Furtwangen
Furtwangen, Germany

Electrochemical etching of silicon (anodization) is a process that can be used for etching of forms of nearly arbitrary shapes. The difficulty of applying the process for mass production is in the many parameters influencing the process, such as electrolyte concentration and temperature, silicon substrate doping and type, and so on. COMSOL as an FEM simulation tool is very suitable for ...

The Microplane Model for Concrete in COMSOL

A. Frigerio
RSE S.p.A.
Milan, Italy

The safety of large civil structures is often evaluated by means of numerical models based on the Finite Element Method. In this frame, the choice of a constitutive law able to represent the complex mechanical behaviour of concrete is a key point. This paper deals with a detail description of all the steps needed to implement the Microplane Model in COMSOL; the formulation is based on the ...

Multiphysics Process Simulation of the Electromagnetic-Supported Laser Beam Welding

M. Bachmann, V. Avilov, A. Gumenyuk, and M. Rethmeier
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing
Berlin, Germany

The article deals with the magnetically-supported high-power full-penetration laser beam welding of aluminum. A stationary simulation was conducted accounting for the effects of natural convection, Marangoni convection and solid-liquid phase transition as well as an electromagnetic volume source term. An ac magnet below the weld specimen induces eddy currents. Consequently, Lorentz forces occur ...

Multiphysics Modeling of a Gas Bubble Expansion

B. Chinè [1], and M. Monno[2]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy and Instituto Tecnologico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica
[2]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy

Modeling and simulation softwares are very useful tools when we have to analyse and understand the different phenomena occurring during metal foams processing, because several simultaneous physical mechanisms have to be accounted for. In this work we use Comsol Multiphysics 4.2 to model a spherical hydrogen gas bubble expanding in aluminium liquid, initially at rest. The aim of the present ...