Numerical Study of a High Temperature Latent Heat Storage (200-300oC) Using Eutectic Nitrate Salt of Sodium Nitrate and Potassium Nitrate
C.W. Foong, J.E. Hustad, J. Løvseth, and O.J. Nydal
Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
In this study, a small scale direct solar thermal energy storage system with secondary reflector is designed and developed. The main advantage of thermal energy storage is that cooking can be carried out during the time when there is little or no sun shine. In addition, no heat transport fluid is needed in this system. A well insulated heat storage should keep the heat for about 24 hours. KNO3 ...
G. Poulain, D. Blanc, A. Kaminski, B. Semmache, and M. Lemiti
Université de Lyon: Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon INL, CNRS, INSA de Lyon, Villeurbanne, France
SEMCO Eng., Montpellier Cedex 5 - France
Silicon solar cells still require cost reduction and improved efficiency to become more competitive. New architectures can provide a significant increase in efficiency, but today most of the approaches need additional processing steps. In this context, laser processing offers a unique way to replace technological steps like photolithography that is not compatible with the requirements of the ...
T. Santos, L.C. Costa[1,2], M. Valente[1,2], J. Monteiro[1,2], and J. Sousa
University of Aveiro, Portugal
I3N, Aveiro, Portugal
TEKA Portugal S.A., Ílhavo, Portugal
In microwave heating applications, the energy is introduced directly into the volume of the material and as consequence the quality of the process is highly dependent on the uniformity of the electromagnetic field distribution along it. That is, the non uniformity of the heating is a potential problem with serious consequences. Thermal runaway is the most critical, in materials with temperature ...
V. Nicolas[1,2], J.P. Ploteau, P. Salagnac, P. Glouannec, V. Jury, and L. Boillereaux
Laboratoire d’Ingénierie des MATériaux de Bretagne – Equipe Thermique et Energétique, Université Européenne de Bretagne, Lorient Cedex, France
Laboratoire d’Etudes des Phénomènes de Transfert et de l’Instantanéité : Agro-industrie et Bâtiment, Université de La Rochelle, La Rochelle Cedex, France
Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés, Environnement, Agroalimentaire, ENITIAA, France
In this paper, we present a first model carried out with COMSOL Multiphysics to model bread baking, considering heat and mass transfer coupled with the phenomenon of swelling. This model predicts the pressures, temperatures and water contents evolutions in the dough for different energy requests. First results obtained are analyzed according to various physical parameters in order to better ...
B. Chinè[1,2], and M. Monno[1,3]
Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
Instituto Tecnològico de Costa Rica, Escuela de Ciencia e Ingenierìa de Materiales, Cartago, Costa Rica
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
We use COMSOL Multiphysics to model a gas bubble expansion in a viscous liquid initially at rest, a very common system for lightweight foamed materials from metal production and polymer processing. Modelling and simulation of foam processing during the production step involves many complexities, mainly due to the coupled momentum, mass and energy transport mechanisms, presence of more phases in ...
C. Strozzi, P. Gillard, and J-M. Pascaud
Institut PRISME, Bourges, France
The aim of this work is to present a simple multiphysics simulation using COMSOL able to describe combustion of kerosene vapours in a closed vessel. The emphasis is on the mechanical effects of the reactive processes. The evolution of the thermodynamical variables (pressure, temperature, concentrations…) is obtained by solving several coupled transport equations for: the mass continuity, the ...
CSEM sa, Switzerland
Dr. Ivar Kjelberg is Senior Project Manager for Mechatronics in the Systems Engineering Division of CSEM SA in Neuchâtel, Switzerland. He obtained the diploma as \"Ingénieur Physicien\" from the Ecole Polytechnique Fédéreale EPFL in Lausanne, Switzerland in 1979, and a PhD at the local Institute for Plasma Physics (CRPP-EPFL) in 1986. He started his career at CSEM in 1988 and has since ...
A. Coll, V. Di Virgilio, S. Bermejo, and L. Castañer
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
Photonic crystals are widely used in optical applications as waveguides and band filters. Filling the periodic structural material of photonic crystals with other materials is very useful in order to change the optical properties of the devices. In this paper electrostatic COMSOL simulations describing an electrospray deposition of particles in macroporous structures are performed.
L. Spicci, and M. Cati
Esaote SpA, Florence, Italy
The technology involved in high performance ultrasound imaging probes needs a reliable model to help in new projects development and performance simulations. To achieve a useful model, it is necessary to use correct values for all material parameters involved in the electro-acoustical performances of the piezoelectric material, but unfortunately some of these parameters are known only with high ...
S. Oukach, M. Elganaoui, B. Pateyron, and H. Hamdi
Laboratoire des Sciences des Procèdes Céramiques et de Traitements de Surface SPCTS, Limoges, France
Laboratoire de Mécanique des Fluides et Energétique LMFE, Marrakech, Morocco
The quality of coatings obtained by means of thermal spraying depends strongly on the mechanism of the interaction between the molten droplets and the surface to be covered. The aim of the present study is to simulate the impact of a droplet onto a substrate, in order to have a good understanding of the dynamics of droplets impact. In this study, the process of droplet spreading is described; the ...