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Thermal and Material Flow Modelling of Friction Stir Welding Using COMSOL

H. Schmidt[1,2], and J. Hattel[1]
[1]Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
[2]HBS Engineering, Frederiksberg, Denmark

Two friction stir welding models are presented – a global thermal model using the temperature dependent heat source and a local material flow and heat generation model allowing for detailed investigation of different contact conditions. The two models are coupled into a larger local-global model. The flow model includes frictional dissipation from the contact between the work piece and the ...

Modeling the Thermally Induced Curvature of Multilayer Coatings with COMSOL MultiphysicsTM

H. Conrad[1], T. Klose[2], T. Sandner[2], D. Jung[1], H. Schenk[2], and H. Lakner[1,2]
[1]Semiconductor and Microsystems Technology Laboratory, Technische Universität Dresden, Germany
[2]Fraunhofer Institute for Photonic Microsystems Dresden, Germany

Within this paper the so called “birth and death” method is demonstrated in use with COMSOL Multiphysics®. With this method the free and reactionless movement of a solid structure on deformed geometries and the activation of this solid structure at later simulation steps is possible. For demonstrating the benefit, this method was applied to simulate the thermal induced ...

Kinetics and Reactor Modeling of Methanol Synthesis from Synthesis Gas

H. Bakhtiary, F. Hayer, H. Venvik, A. Holmen
Norwegian University of Science and Technology Trondheim

Methanol synthesis is a typical reaction in heterogeneous catalysis. In this work, we have studied a laboratory fixed-bed reactor packed with a Cu/Zn/Al2O3 catalyst in both adiabatic and isothermal tubular operational modes. A methanol synthesis kinetic model was implemented in COMSOL Reaction Engineering Lab. Both 1D and 2D pseudo-homogeneous dispersion models were applied to describe the mass ...

Implementation of the Finite Isotropic Linear Cosserat Models based on the Weak Form

J. Jeong[1], and H. Ramezani[2]
[1]Ecole Speciale des Travaux Publics du Batiment et del’Industrie(ESTP), Cachan, France
[2]Ecole Polytechnique de l’Universite d’Orleans CNRS/CRMD, Orleans, France

The Cosserat models fall into the group of the extended continuum media. They are capable of treating the size effects (characteristic length) in a natural manner using six material moduli for the isotropic elastic cases instead of two (and) for the classical continuum mechanics. This model involves two constitutive laws corresponding to two kinds of balance equation. The first one handles the ...

Simulation of Optical Properties of the Si/SiO2/Al Interface  at the Rear of Industrially Fabricated Si Solar Cells

Y. Yang[1], and P. Altermatt[1,2]
[1]Institute for Solar Energy Research Hamelin (ISFH), Emmerthal, Germany
[2]Dep. Solar Energy Research, Inst. Solid-State Physics, Leibniz University of Hanover, Germany

The specular and diffuse reflection properties of sunlight at the rear surface of silicon solar cells with various degrees of roughness are computed by solving the Maxwell and material equations in two dimensions, using the COMSOL RF Module. The model is tested on planar Si/SiO2/air interfaces and planar Si/SiO2/Al interfaces. The simulations show that for wavelengths of 800 nm, (i) maximum ...

A Dynamic Electrowetting Simulation using the Level-Set Method

B. Cahill[1], A. Giannitsis[1], G. Gastrock[1], M. Min[1,2], and D. Beckmann[1]
[1]Institut für Bioprozess- und Analysenmesstechnik e.V., Heiligenstadt, Germany
[2] Department of Electronics, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia

Electrowetting occurs with the electrical control of the surface wetting properties through the application of an electric potential. A simulation of electrowetting driven droplet dynamics is performed using the COMSOL Multiphysics level-set method for a sessile droplet and for a droplet in a microchannel. The response of the drop to a step voltage is studied. The contact angle at one edge of ...

Numerical Modelling of Vortex Induced Vibrations  in Submarine Pipelines

F. Van den Abeele, J. Vande Voorde, and P. Goes
ArcelorMittal Research & Development Industry Gent, Zelzate, Belgium

Vortex-induced vibration is a major cause of fatigue failure in submarine oil and gas pipelines and steel catenary risers. Even moderate currents can induce vortex shedding. In this paper, COMSOL Multiphysics is applied to study the flow pattern around submarine pipeline spans, and predict the amplitude and frequency of the vortex induced vibrations. The sensitivity of the computational fluid ...

Heat and Moisture Modeling Benchmarks using COMSOL

A. van Schijndel
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands

Benchmarks are an important tool to verify computational models. In the research area of building physics, the so-called HAMSTAD (Heat, Air and Moisture Standardization) project is a very well known benchmark for the testing of simulation tools. In this paper we evaluate the use of COMSOL with its multiphysics capabilities regarding this benchmark. In comparing the results with the benchmark, it ...

Prediction and Optimization of Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Geometries using COMSOL Multiphysics

I. Knorr, K. Christou, J. Meinertz, A. Selle, J. Ihlemann, and G. Marowsky
Laser-Laboratorium Göttingen e.V., Germany

Raman spectroscopy is a commonly used tool in biodiagnostics and sensor technology. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering provides high signal enhancements especially at nanostructured metallic surfaces. In this paper the electromagnetic Raman enhancement from different metallic nanostructures - including gold coated gratings, spherical and hemispherical particles - is calculated by using the finite ...

Modeling the Process of Drying Stationary Objects inside a Tumble Dryer Using COMSOL Multiphysics

T. Zeineldin
Department of Automatic Control and Mechatronics, University of Paderborn, Paderborn, Germany

Temperature and residual moisture content of a stationary Textile in a home tumble dryer are simulated in a 2D model with COMSOL Multiphysics. Moisture migration to the textile surface is modeled in the form of capillary flow and vapor diffusion along with heat transfer in the form of conduction and energy lost due to phase change (evaporation). The drying air energy, mass and momentum transport ...