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Stress-Optical Effects with Generalized Plane Strain

Planar photonic waveguides in silica (SiO2) have great potential for use in wavelength routing applications. The major problem with this type of waveguide is birefringence. Anisotropic refractive indices result in fundamental mode splitting and pulse broadening. The goal is to minimize birefringence effects by adapting materials and manufacturing processes. One source of birefringence is the use ...

Cylinder Roller Contact

Consider an infinitely long steel cylinder resting on a flat aluminum foundation, where both structures are elastic. The cylinder is subjected to a point load along its top. The objective of this study is to find the contact pressure distribution and the length of contact between the foundation and the cylinder. An analytical solution exists, and this model includes a comparison against the ...

Fluid-Structure Interaction in Aluminum Extrusion

In massive forming processes like rolling or extrusion, metal alloys are deformed in a hot solid state with material flowing under ideally plastic conditions. Such processes can be simulated effectively using computational fluid dynamics, where the material is considered as a fluid with a very high viscosity that depends on velocity and temperature. Internal friction of the moving material acts ...

Mixed-Mode Debonding of a Laminated Composite

Interfacial failure by delamination or debonding can be simulated with a Cohesive Zone Model (CZM). This example shows the implementation of a CZM with a bilinear traction-separation law. It is used to predict the mixed-mode softening onset and delamination propagation in a composite material.

External Material Examples, Structural Mechanics

A new way to specify user-defined material models is included in COMSOL Multiphysics version 5.2. For structural mechanics, you have the possibility to either completely define the material model in a domain, or to add an inelastic strain contribution to an elastic material. The external material functions are coded in C, and compiled into a shared library. By programming a wrapper function in ...

Thermal Initial Stresses in a Layered Plate

The thermal stress in a layered plate is studied in this example. A plate consisting of two layers, a coating and a substrate layer is stress and strain free at 800 degrees C. The temperature of the plate is reduced to 150 degrees C and thermal stresses are induced. A third layer, the carrier layer, is added and the thermal stresses in the coating and a substrate layer are added as an initial ...

Radially Polarized Piezoelectric Transducer

This tutorial model shows how a user-defined coordinate system can be used to create any type of directional polarization of a piezoelectric material. Results are shown for the case of radial polarization of a piezoelectric disk. The piezoelectric material is PZT-5H. The example shows a static analysis. Visualization of the cylindrical coordinate system as well as the stress/strain in that ...

Vibrating Membrane

The natural frequencies of a prestressed circular membrane are computed and compared with analytical solutions. Two method are used: In the first study the prestress is given explicitly, while in the second study an external load provides the prestress.

Thermal Stress Analysis of a Turbine Stator Blade

The conditions within gas turbines are extreme. The pressure can be as high as 40 bar, and the temperature more than 1000 K. Any new component must therefore be carefully designed to be able to withstand thermal stresses, vibrations and loads asserted by the fluid rushing through the turbine. If a component fails, the high rotational speeds can result in a complete rupture of the whole turbine. ...

Thermal Expansion in a MEMS Device

This model analyzes the thermal expansion in a MEMS device, such as a microgyroscope, where thermal expansion should be minimized. The device is made from the copper-beryllium alloy UNS C17500 and uses temperature-dependent material properties from the Material Library. The purpose of this model is to exemplify the use of the Material Library in COMSOL Multiphysics. This library contains more ...