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Simulation of an Electromagnetic Sounding Method for Oil Prospecting

The marine controlled source electromagnetics method (CSEM) for oil prospecting has emerged as a promising technique during recent years. This model demonstrates one variant of it. It uses a mobile horizontal 1 Hz electric dipole antenna that is towed 150 m above the sea floor. An array of sea floor receivers measure the electric field at various distances away from the antenna. When measuring ...

Circular Waveguide Filter

A circular waveguide filter is designed using a 2D axisymmetric model. Six annular rings added to the waveguide form circular cavities connected in series, and each cavity cutoff frequency is close to the center frequency of the filter. The simulated S-parameters show a bandpass frequency response.

Fast Numerical Modeling of a Conical Horn Lens Antenna

An axisymmetric 3D structure such as a conical horn antenna can be simulated in a fast and efficient way using only its 2D layout. In this model, the antenna radiation and matching characteristics are computed very quickly with respect to the dominant TE mode from the given circular waveguide by simulating the 2D axisymmetric geometry of an 3D antenna structure.

Evanescent Mode Cylindrical Cavity Filter

An evanescent-mode cavity filter is resonant at a frequency lower than its original fundamental mode frequency. Evanescent mode resonance can be realized by creating a discontinuity or reactance inside the cavity. The basic model was modified by the addition of a metal box at either end representing a housing. Inside a dielectric substrate and a microstrip line coupled into the cavity. The ...

Thermal Drift in a Microwave Cavity Filter

Microwave filters are used to eliminate unwanted frequency components in the output from microwave transmitters. They are typically inserted between a power amplifier and an antenna. The amplifiers are nonlinear and produce harmonics that must be eliminated with filters that have a rather narrow passband. Due to high power loads but also possibly from harsh environmental conditions (such as a ...

Designing a Waveguide Diplexer for the 5G Mobile Network

A diplexer is a device that combines or splits signals into two different frequency bands, widely used in mobile communication systems. This model simulates splitting properties using a simplified 2D geometry. The computed S-parameters and electric fields at the lower and upper bands will show the diplexer characteristics in the Ka-band.

Coupled-Line Bandpass Filter

It is possible to realize a narrowband bandpass filter using cascaded microstrip coupled lines. In this example, a design composed of cascaded microstrip lines, each approximately a half wave length in size at the resonant frequency, is analyzed. The model is solved for the S-parameters and a very narrow bandwidth is observed.

Modeling a Biconical Antenna for EMI/EMC Testing

Biconical antennas are popular for very high frequency (VHF) measurement because they support a wide frequency range. They are also useful for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) testing where the antenna can be used as an RF source in susceptibility or immunity test. This model simulates a biconical antenna made of lightweight hexagonal frames that are preferred over solid cones for ...

Rat-Race Coupler

A 180° Ring Hybrid (Rat-Race Coupler) is a four-port network with 180° phase difference between two ports. It is cheaper to manufacture this type of microstrip line component compared to a wave guide 180° hybrid junction, so called magic-T. The objective of this model is to compute the S-parameters and to observe the matching, isolation, and coupling around the operating frequency.

Radome with Double-layered Dielectric Lens

A radome minimizes losses and improves radiation characteristics of an antenna through its design. The structure can be optimized to minimize the transmission loss and also designed to improve radiation characteristics including antenna directivity and side lobes. Shown in the model is the surface current density on the patch antenna, the magnitude of the electric potential on the antenna's ...