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Argon Boltzmann Analysis

The electron energy distribution function (EEDF) plays an important role in the overall behavior of discharges. Analytic forms of the EEDF exist such as Maxwellian or Druyvesteyn, but in some cases they fail to fit the discharge physics. This tutorial model investigates the effects of various parameters on the electron energy distribution function and rate coefficients for an argon discharge.

Thermal Bridges in Building Construction - 2D Composite Structure

This example studies heat transfer in a composite two-dimensional structure. Four materials with distinct thermal conductivities k compose the structure. The top and bottom boundaries are facing environments respectively at 0°C and 20°C. The temperature distribution and the heat flux through the structure are compared with published data. This example corresponds to the case 2 described in ...

Generalized Kelvin Viscoelastic Material

The behavior of viscoelastic materials can be represented by conceptual models composed of elastic and viscous elements connected in series or in parallel. The rheology of the generalized Kelvin model (also called generalized Kelvin-Voigt model) consists of an elastic spring to represent the instantaneous stiffness plus n Kelvin-Voigt branches connected in series. This example shows how to ...

MEMS Pressure Sensor Drift Due to Hygroscopic Swelling

For their integration in microelectronic circuits, MEMS devices are bonded on printed circuit boards and connected with other devices. Then, the whole circuit is often covered with an epoxy mold compound (EMC) to protect the devices and their interconnects with the board. The epoxy polymers used for such applications are subject to moisture absorption and hygroscopic swelling, which can lead to ...

Ibuprofen Synthesis

Kinetic analysis of catalytic reactions is essential for understanding rate behavior as well as the reaction mechanism. Developing knowledge of intrinsic reaction kinetics and of rate equations is central to reaction engineering studies aimed at improving reactor design. This model illustrates the reaction kinetics of a complex chemistry occurring in a perfectly stirred tank reactor. The ...

Quadrupole Mass Filter

A quadrupole mass filter (QMF) is a key component of a modern mass spectrometer. A QMF uses direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC) electric fields to analyze positive or negative ions by mass to charge ratio. A QMF consists of 4 parallel rods spaced equidistantly, the ratio of the rod radius to the radius of the inscribed circle is 1.148. Opposite pairs of rods are electrically ...

Galvanic Corrosion of a Magnesium Alloy in Contact with Steel

Magnesium alloys are attractive alternatives as lightweight materials in various fields of engineering. Magnesium is however relatively non-noble and may suffer considerable galvanic corrosion when being used in conjunction with other metals, for instance when mounting an Mg alloy component using steel fasteners. This model example simulates a galvanic corrosion couple consisting of a magnesium ...

Discharge and Self-Discharge of a Lead-Acid Battery

Lead-acid batteries are widely used as starting batteries for various traction applications such as cars and trucks and so forth. The reason for this is the fairly low cost in combination with the performance robustness for a broad range of operating conditions. However, one drawback of this battery type is that the inherent thermodynamics of the battery chemistry causes the battery to self ...

Lithium-Ion Battery Impedance Application

The goal with this application is to explain experimental electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements and to show how you can use a simulation app along with measurements to estimate the properties of lithium-ion batteries. The Lithium-Ion Battery Impedance app takes measurements from an EIS experiment and uses them as inputs. It then simulates these measurements and runs a ...

Temperature Field in a Cooling Flange

A cooling flange in a chemical process is used to cool the process fluid, which flows through the flange. The surrounding air cools the flange via natural convection. In the stationary model, the forced convection to the process fluid is modeled using a constant heat transfer coefficient. The natural convection cooling is modeled using tabulated empirical transfer coefficients that are ...