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Lombardi Surface Mobility

Surface acoustic phonons and surface roughness have an important effect on the carrier mobility, especially in the thin inversion layer under the gate in MOSFETs. The Lombardi surface mobility model adds surface scattering resulting from these effects to an existing mobility model using Matthiessen’s rule. This model demonstrates how to use the Lombardi surface mobility model for the electron ...

Thermal Bridges In Building Construction - 2D Square Column

This example studies heat transfer in a square column. Cold and hot temperature conditions are applied to the boundaries. Due to the symmetry of the problem, the geometry is simplified to half of the square. The temperature field is compared with the analytic data. This example corresponds to the case 1 described in the European standard EN ISO 10211:2007 for thermal bridges in building ...

Galvanic Corrosion of a Magnesium Alloy in Contact with Steel

Magnesium alloys are attractive alternatives as lightweight materials in various fields of engineering. Magnesium is however relatively non-noble and may suffer considerable galvanic corrosion when being used in conjunction with other metals, for instance when mounting an Mg alloy component using steel fasteners. This model example simulates a galvanic corrosion couple consisting of a magnesium ...

Quadrupole Mass Filter

A quadrupole mass filter (QMF) is a key component of a modern mass spectrometer. A QMF uses direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC) electric fields to analyze positive or negative ions by mass to charge ratio. A QMF consists of 4 parallel rods spaced equidistantly, the ratio of the rod radius to the radius of the inscribed circle is 1.148. Opposite pairs of rods are electrically ...

Modeling of an Enzyme-Based Biofuel Cell Anode

Enzyme-based biofuel cells (EBFCs) use biomass and specific enzymes known as biocatalysts in order to convert chemical energy into electrical energy. At the anode of an EBFC, the biomass (substrate) is oxidized to produce protons and electrons. Mediators are used in the anode to shuttle the electrons from enzymes to electrodes. At the cathode, the oxidant (oxygen) reacts with the protons and ...

Thermal Bridges in Building Construction - 3D Iron Bar Through Insulation Layer

This model studies the heat conduction in a thermal bridge made up of an iron bar and an insulation layer that separates a hot internal side from a cold external side. The heat flux between internal and external side and the maximum temperature on the external wall are compared them with published values. This example corresponds to the case 4 described in the European standard EN ISO 10211 ...

Rotating Plate in a Unidirectional Molecular Flow

This model computes the particle flux, number density and pressure on the surface of a plate that rotates in a highly directional molecular flow. The results obtained are compared with those from other, approximate, techniques for computing molecular flows.

Magnetic Frill

Feeding antennas with proper signals can be difficult. The signal is often described as a voltage, and voltages are not well defined in electromagnetic wave formulations. There are several tricks to model voltage generators in such situations, and one is the magnetic frill. This model shows the basic steps of defining a magnetic frill voltage generator for a dipole antenna, and it also ...

Electrical Heating in a Busbar

This tutorial model of the Joule heating effect in a busbar demonstrates how to synchronize an assembly between SolidWorks and COMSOL, how to modify the geometry from COMSOL, and how to run a geometric parametric sweep.

Electrodeposition on a Resistive Patterned Wafer

This example models time-dependent copper deposition on a resistive wafer in a cupplater reactor. As the deposited layer builds up, the resistive losses of the deposited layer decreases. The benefit of using a current thief for a more uniform deposit is demonstrated.