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Lumped Receiver Connected to Test Set-up with a 0.4cc Coupler

In this model a Knowles ED23146 receiver (miniature loudspeaker) is connected to a test set-up consisting of a 50 mm (1 mm diameter) earmold tube and a so-called 0.4-cc coupler. The receiver is modeled using a lumped spice network and connected to the finite element domain at the tube inlet. The response at the measurement microphone in the coupler as well as the electric input impedance to the ...

Gas Box Designer

This application computes the back pressure in a network of pipes fed by a system of mass flow controllers (MFC). Each MFC supplies a given flow rate to one of the pipes, and can only function correctly if the back pressure remains below 760 Torr. The Pipe Flow Module is used to compute the pressure distribution inside the network of pipes and report whether a given design will meet the back ...

Electrocoating of a Car Door

This example models electrocoating of paint onto a car door in a time-dependent simulation. The deposited paint is highly resistive which results in lowered local deposition rates for coated areas. A primary current distribution in combination with a film resistance model is used to describe the charge transport in the electrolyte. The model is in 3D and uses an imported CAD geometry.

Thermal Drift in a Microwave Cavity Filter

Microwave filters are used to eliminate unwanted frequency components in the output from microwave transmitters. They are typically inserted between a power amplifier and an antenna. The amplifiers are nonlinear and produce harmonics that must be eliminated with filters that have a rather narrow passband. Due to high power loads but also possibly from harsh environmental conditions (such as a ...

Soluble Lead-Acid Redox Flow Battery

In a redox flow battery electrochemical energy is stored as redox couples in the electrolyte, which is stored in tanks outside the electrochemical cell. During operation, electrolyte is pumped through the cell and, due to the electrochemical reactions, the individual concentrations of the active species in the electrolyte are changed. The state of charge of the flow battery is determined by ...

Optimizing a Flywheel Profile

The radial stress component in an axially symmetric and homogeneous flywheel of constant thickness exhibits a sharp peak near the inner radius. From there, it decreases monotonously until it reaches zero at the flywheel’s outer rim. The uneven stress distribution reveals a design that does not make optimal use of the material available. Given specified flywheel mass and moment of inertia, ...

Oxygen Boltzmann Analysis

The Boltzmann equation can be solved to validate sets of electron impact collision cross sections. In fact, sets of collision cross sections are traditionally inferred by solving a two-term approximation to the Boltzmann equation and comparing the results to swarm experiments. This model solves a two-term approximation to the Boltzmann equation and compares the computed drift velocity and ...

Thermal Bridges in Building Construction - 2D Composite Structure

This example studies heat transfer in a composite two-dimensional structure. Four materials with distinct thermal conductivities k compose the structure. The top and bottom boundaries are facing environments respectively at 0°C and 20°C. The temperature distribution and the heat flux through the structure are compared with published data. This example corresponds to the case 2 described in ...

Neutralization of a Proton Beam through a Charge Exchange Cell

Gas cells have several applications in the design of scientific instruments. A gas cell is used to define a high-pressure region within the instrument's main vacuum system. For example, in this application, note we are designing a high-pressure region 100 mm long, with an operating pressure of 1e-3 Torr inside the collision cell and a main vacuum system pressure of 1e-5 Torr. In mass ...

Parameterized Window Preset Model

During the design of a building, environmental issues have gained considerable influence in the entire project. One of the first concerns is to improve thermal performances. In this process, simulation software are key tools to model thermal losses and performances in the building. The international standard ISO 10077-2:2012 deals with thermal performance of windows, doors and shutters. It ...