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1D Lithium-Ion Battery Model for Determination of Optimal Battery Usage and Design

This application example is useful for investigation of the following: Voltage, polarization (voltage drop), internal resistance, state-of-charge (SOC), and rate capability, in lithium-ion batteries under isothermal conditions. Some of the listed properties play an important role in battery management systems (BMS) in, for instance, electric and hybrid electric vehicles (see figure). The more ...

Heat and Moisture in Building Material

The model is defined as a benchmark case in norm 15026:2007 annex A. The purpose of the model is to calculate the temperature and moisture profiles at different times after a change in the external conditions (temperature and relative humidity) inside a wall material (kind of concrete). It shows how to use the Heat and Moisture Transport interface.

Fast Numerical Modeling of a Conical Horn Lens Antenna

An axisymmetric 3D structure such as a conical horn antenna can be simulated in a fast and efficient way using only its 2D layout. In this model, the antenna radiation and matching characteristics are computed very quickly with respect to the dominant TE mode from the given circular waveguide by simulating the 2D axisymmetric geometry of an 3D antenna structure.

Ibuprofen Synthesis

Kinetic analysis of catalytic reactions is essential for understanding rate behavior as well as the reaction mechanism. Developing knowledge of intrinsic reaction kinetics and of rate equations is central to reaction engineering studies aimed at improving reactor design. This model illustrates the reaction kinetics of a complex chemistry occurring in a perfectly stirred tank reactor. The ...

Induction Motor in 2D - new

This is an example of a model of an induction motor in which the eddy currents are induced in the rotor by the time harmonic currents on the stator windings and the rotation of the rotor. In this example, we analyze the induction motor in 2D using the transient solver in the *Rotating Machinery, Magnetic* interface. We also investigate the motor’s start-up dynamics by coupling the ...

Optimizing a Flywheel Profile

The radial stress component in an axially symmetric and homogeneous flywheel of constant thickness exhibits a sharp peak near the inner radius. From there, it decreases monotonously until it reaches zero at the flywheel’s outer rim. The uneven stress distribution reveals a design that does not make optimal use of the material available. Given specified flywheel mass and moment of inertia, ...

Cycle Counting in Fatigue Analysis - Benchmark

A benchmark model of the Rainflow counting algorithm compares results between ASTM and COMSOL fatigue module using a flat tensile test specimen. An extension is made for the cumulative damage calculation following the Palmgren-Miner model and results are compared with analytical expressions.

Electrodeless Lamp

This model simulates an electrodeless lamp with argon/mercury chemistry. The low excitation threshold for mercury atoms means that even though the mercury is present in small concentrations, its behavior dominates. There is strong UV emission from the plasma at 185 nm and 253 nm. The UV emission can stimulate phosphors coated on the surface of the bulb. From an electrical point of view, the lamp ...

Pressurized Orthotropic Container

A thin-walled container made of rolled steel is subjected to an internal overpressure. As an effect of the manufacturing method, one of the three material principal directions—the out-of- plane direction— has a higher yield stress than the other two. Hill’s orthotropic plasticity is used to model the difference in yield strength. The example also shows how to define and use curvilinear ...

Microphone grid free-field level correction curve for plane-wave incidence

This is a conceptual model of a microphone placed in an infinite baffle (flush mounted). The purpose is to determine the free-field level correction curve of the setup, which includes the exterior domain, microphone grid, and volume between the grid and the diaphragm. The microphone diaphragm is characterized with a simple RCL impedance and the open radiation condition is modeled with a ...