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Assembly with a Hinge Joint

This example illustrates how to model a barrel hinge connecting two solid objects in an assembly. In this model, the details of the connection are not the focus of the analysis, therefore, the hinge joint is modeled using a Joint feature in the Multibody Dynamics Module. The connected parts can be either rigid or flexible or a combination as shown in this model.

Motion of Trapped Protons in Earth's Magnetic Field

This model demonstrates the path of non-relativistic protons within Earth's magnetic field. Due to the dipole nature of Earth's magnetic field, charged particles, such as electrons and protons, can get trapped in stable configurations within it for long periods of time. These configurations involve the particles rapidly bouncing from magnetic pole to magnetic pole, and drifting around the ...

Molecular Flow Through an S-Bend

This model computes the transmission probability through an s-bend geometry using both the angular coefficient method available in the Free Molecular Flow interface and a Monte Carlo method using the Mathematical Particle Tracing interface. The computed transmission probability by the two methods is in excellent agreement with less than a 1% difference. This model requires the Particle Tracing ...

Child's Law Benchmark

Space charge limited emission is a phenomenon that restricts the current of charged particles that can be released from a surface. As the electron current released by a cathode increases, so does the magnitude of the charge density in the immediate vicinity of the cathode. This distribution of charge density exerts an electric force on the emitted electrons, directed toward the cathode. The ...

Fast Numerical Modeling of a Conical Horn Lens Antenna

An axisymmetric 3D structure such as a conical horn antenna can be simulated in a fast and efficient way using only its 2D layout. In this model, the antenna radiation and matching characteristics are computed very quickly with respect to the dominant TE mode from the given circular waveguide by simulating the 2D axisymmetric geometry of an 3D antenna structure.

In-Plane and Space Truss

Trusses are elements which can only sustain axial forces. You can use trusses to model truss works where the edges are straight as well structures like sagging cables. In the following example you first build and solve a simple 2D truss model using the 2D Truss interface. Later on, you analyze a 3D variant of the same problem using the 3D Truss interface. This model calculates the deformation ...

Eigenmodes in a Muffler

In this model, compute the propagating modes in the chamber of an automotive muffler. The geometry is a cross-section of the chamber in the Absorptive Muffler example. The model’s purpose is to study the shape of the propagating modes and to find their cut-off frequencies. As discussed in the documentation for the Absorptive Muffler, some of the modes significantly affect the damping of the ...

Absorptive Muffler Designer

Mufflers are used to attenuate noise emitted by a combustion engine, for example, and should typically perform well in a specific frequency range. Attenuation is measured through transmission loss, which gives the damping in dB as a function of frequency. The Absorptive Muffler Designer simulation app is used for studying and designing a simple resonant muffler with a porous lining. With the ...

Neutralization of a Proton Beam through a Charge Exchange Cell

Gas cells have several applications in the design of scientific instruments. A gas cell is used to define a high-pressure region within the instrument's main vacuum system. For example, in this application, note we are designing a high-pressure region 100 mm long, with an operating pressure of 1e-3 Torr inside the collision cell and a main vacuum system pressure of 1e-5 Torr. In mass ...

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy in a Fuel Cell

A fuel cell unit cell is modeled using the full Butler-Volmer expression for the anodic and cathodic charge transfer reactions. The anodic and cathodic overpotentials depend on the local ionic and electronic potentials, which are obtained from the charge balance equations for ionic and electronic current. A small sinusoidal perturbation of the potential around a given cell voltage is applied and ...