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Computing the Effect of Fringing Fields on Capacitance

A typical capacitor is composed of two conductive objects with a dielectric in between them. A voltage difference applied between these objects results in an electric field between them. This electric field exists not just directly between the conductive objects, but extends some distance away, this is known as a fringing field. To accurately predict the capacitance of a capacitor, the domain ...

Two-Arm Helical Antenna

A helical antenna has two major modes. One is normal mode and the other is axial mode. When the helical antenna is operating at the normal mode, its far-field radiation pattern is similar to the torus shaped pattern of a classic dipole antenna. At the axial mode, the helical antenna is resonant at a much higher frequency band than the normal mode operation, and works similarly to an end-fire ...

Defining a Mapped Dielectric Distribution of a Metamaterial Lens

This example demonstrates how to set up a spatially varying dielectric distribution, such as might be engineered with a metamaterial. Here, a convex lens shape is defined via a known deformation of a rectangular domain. The dielectric distribution is defined on the undeformed, original rectangular domain and is mapped onto the deformed shape of the lens. Although the lens shape defined here is ...

Substrate Integrated Waveguide Leaky Wave Antenna

Substrate Integrated Waveguides (SIW) can be used in antenna applications. Leaky waves from a slot array on the top surface of the SIW in this model generate a beam in a certain direction that can be steered by choosing a different operating frequency.

Mixer with Free Surface and Bottom Impeller

Time-dependent rotating machinery k-epsilon turbulence model of a mixer, including free surface deformation. The model equations are first solved for a frozen rotor study. The solution from the frozen rotor study is used as initial condition for the time-dependent studies, which include the displacement of the impeller. Two possible time dependent studies are available for two different rotating ...

Heat Conduction with a Localized Heat Source on a Disk

This classical verification model solves the steady state temperature distribution in a plan disk heated by a localized heat source at its center. It shows and compare different ways to define a heat source localized on a small domain by representing it either as a geometrical point or a small disk. Both modelings have analytical solutions to which the obtained numerical results can be ...

Radiative Cooling of a Glass Plate

When producing glass, the glass melt is cooled down through radiation to form the final shape, subjecting it to stresses. Numerical treatment of radiative heat transfer, using the Radiative Transfer Equation (RTE), helps to optimize this process. COMSOL Multiphysics provides three discretization methods for modeling radiation in participating media and solving the RTE: the Rosseland ...

Electromagnetic Force Calculation Using Virtual Work and Maxwell Stress Tensor

The model compare the electromagnetic force calculated by *virtual work* and *maxwell stress tensor* methods on the axial magntic bearing. The forces is evaluated by studying the effect of a small displacement on the electromagnetic energy of the system. This is done by using the *Magnetic Fields*, *Deformed Geometry* and *Sensitivity* physics interfaces.

Simulating the Motion of a Bicycle on a Flat Surface

This model demonstrates the motion of a bicycle with a hands-free rider when given an initial forward velocity and perturbed with a lean about the forward axis. This is implemented through the Multibody Dynamics module in COMSOL. The wheels of the bicycle have been modelled assuming knife-edge contact with the ground and pure rolling constraints have been implemented. Stability analysis was ...

Cross-Flow Heat Exchanger

This model solves the fluid flow and heat transfer in a micro heat exchanger made of stainless steel. These types of heat exchangers are found in lab-on-chip devices in biotechnology and micro reactors, for example for micro fuel cells. The model takes heat transferred through both convection and conduction into account. A square cross-section is used for the fluid channels instead of ...