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Stress Analysis of a Pressure Vessel

A pressure vessel is designed to hold liquids or gases at substantially higher or lower pressures than the ambient pressure. A high pressure difference requires a correct design in order to avoid catastrophic failures. The Stress Analysis of a Pressure Vessel app is an example of how you can design a tool for checking a family of components with a parameterizable geometry. The purpose of the ...

Inflation of a Spherical Rubber Balloon

This model aims to investigate the inflation of a rubber balloon with different hyperelastic material models, and compare the results to analytical expressions. A controlled inflation could benefit clinical applications, cardiovascular research, and the medical device industry, thus the importance of understanding the hyperelastic behavior during balloon inflations. The example is taken from ...

Adhesion and Decohesion of Indenting Ball

A steel ball is pressed down against a rubber membrane. When the contact pressure exceeds a certain value, the two parts start sticking together. When the ball is retracted, the membrane is pulled upwards in the bonded region. During the retraction, the bond is partially broken. This happens when the stresses exceed the limits specified in the decohesion law.

Thermally Induced Creep

Creep is an inelastic time-dependent deformation which occurs when a material is subjected to stress at sufficiently high temperature, say 40% of the melting point or more. Experimental creep data (using constant stress and temperature) often display three different types of behavior for the creep strain rate as function of time: In the initial primary creep regime the creep strain rate ...

Elastoacoustic Effect in Rail Steel

The elastoacoustic effect is a change in the speed of elastic waves that propagate in a structure undergoing static elastic deformations. The effect is used in many ultrasonic techniques for nondestructive testing of prestressed states within structures. This example studies the elastoacoustic effect in steels typically used in railroad rails. The analysis is based on the Murnaghan hyperelastic ...

Inflation of a Spherical Rubber Balloon - Membrane Version

The purpose of this model is to illustrate how the Membrane interface can be used to model thin hyperelastic structures. The example is identical to the Model Library model 'Inflation of a spherical rubber balloon', except that the Membrane interface is used instead of the Solid Mechanics interface.

Polynomial Hyperelastic Model

This model shows how you can implement a user defined hyperelastic material, using the strain density energy function. The model used is a general Mooney-Rivlin hyperelastic material model defined by a polynomial. In this example, you will see two material models based on the defined expression: a two-term equation and a five-term equation. The two-term Mooney-Rivlin material model ...

Pressurized Orthotropic Container

A thin-walled container made of rolled steel is subjected to an internal overpressure. As an effect of the manufacturing method, one of the three material principal directions—the out-of- plane direction— has a higher yield stress than the other two. Hill’s orthotropic plasticity is used to model the difference in yield strength. The example also shows how to define and use curvilinear ...

Combining Creep Material Models

This model illustrates how to combine together different Creep material models. Here a Norton-Bailey creep material (primary creep) is combined with a Norton creep material model (secondary creep). This model is a modification of the Model Library model Thermally Induced Creep.

Primary Creep Under Nonconstant Load

In this model example, you will study the creep behavior of material under non-constant loading. You will model the primary creep using a Norton-Bailey law and study the difference between the time hardening and the strain hardening methods available in COMSOL Multiphysics. The model is taken from NAFEMS Understanding Non-Linear Finite Analysis Through Illustrative Benchmarks. The load ...