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View Factor Computation

When simulating surface-to-surface radiation, we rely on the view factors between elements of diffuse surfaces that emit and receive radiation. To compute surface-to-surface radiation in a given geometry, operators are created by the heat interface and can be used to evaluate view factors in postprocessing. This model shows how to compute view factors using the operators provided by surface-to ...

Flash Method

The flash method is widely used for measuring the thermal conductivity of a thin sample material that is about the size of a coin. The sample material is submitted to a laser pulse on one of its faces. In turn, the opposite face is heated up by around 1 K. As the pulse is uniform and well defined, you can measure the temperature variation on the other side. Thereby, you can measure the thermal ...

Radiative Heat Transfer in a Utility Boiler

This model uses the discrete-ordinates method (DOM) to analyze the radiative heat transfer in a utility boiler with internal obstacles. DOM is one of the most useful radiation models for prediction of radiative heat fluxes on the furnace walls of a combustion chamber. With this model, the behavior of the temperature and heat flux within the furnace and on the heat surfaces can be easily obtained ...

Buoyancy Flow in Water

This example studies the stationary state of free convection in a cavity filled with water and bounded by two vertical plates. To generate the buoyancy flow, the plates are heated at different temperatures, bringing the regime close to the transition between laminar and turbulent. To prepare the model, an estimation of the flow regime is performed using the Reynolds, Grashof, Rayleigh and ...

Plate Heat Exchanger

The model has its emphasis on heat transport in a very small heat exchanger that is commonly used in the field of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). In this case, it might be a reactive processes that needs heating. The heat exchanger itself is constructed by stacking several pleated sheets or plates on top of each other while leaving a gap in between. The fluid used to transfer heat ...

Silica Glass Block Coated with a Copper Layer

In this time-dependent model, a silica block of glass, coated with a thin copper layer is subjected to a heat flux. Copper is a highly conductive material, while the silica glass is of poor thermal conductivity, which sets up an highly-varied temperature differential. The model must therefore account for a highly conductive layer. This is done, using a the Highly Conductive Layer feature in ...

Parameterized Roller Shutter Preset Model

During the design of a building, environmental issues have gained considerable influence in the entire project. One of the first concerns is to improve thermal performances. In this process, simulation software are key tools to model thermal losses and performances in the building. The international standard ISO 10077-2:2012 deals with thermal performance of windows, doors and shutters. It ...

Radiative Cooling of a Glass Plate

When producing glass, the glass melt is cooled down through radiation to form the final shape, subjecting it to stresses. Numerical treatment of radiative heat transfer, using the Radiative Transfer Equation (RTE), helps to optimize this process. COMSOL Multiphysics provides three discretization methods for modeling radiation in participating media and solving the RTE: the Rosseland ...

Marangoni Effect

Marangoni convection occurs when the surface tension of an interface (generally liquid-air) depends on the concentration of a species or on the temperature distribution. In the case of temperature dependence, the Marangoni effect is also called thermo-capillary convection. The Marangoni effect is of primary importance in the fields of welding, crystal growth and electron beam melting of ...

Radiative Heat Transfer in Finite Cylindrical Media—P1 Method

This model uses the Discrete-Ordinates method (DOM) to solve a 3D radiative transfer problem in an emitting, absorbing, and linear-anisotropic scattering finite cylindrical medium. Using the S6 quadrature of DOM leads to faster and more accurate results, which are needed in combined modes of heat transfer. The calculated incident radiation and heat fluxes agree well with published results ...