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View Factor Computation

When simulating surface-to-surface radiation, we rely on the view factors between elements of diffuse surfaces that emit and receive radiation. To compute surface-to-surface radiation in a given geometry, operators are created by the heat interface and can be used to evaluate view factors in postprocessing. This model shows how to compute view factors using the operators provided by surface-to ...

Temperature Field in a Cooling Flange

A cooling flange in a chemical process is used to cool the process fluid, which flows through the flange. The surrounding air cools the flange via natural convection. In the stationary model, the forced convection to the process fluid is modeled using a constant heat transfer coefficient. The natural convection cooling is modeled using tabulated empirical transfer coefficients that are ...

Convective Cooling of a Potcore Inductor

The inductor is a common component in a variety of electrical devices. Its applications include power transformation and measurements, and it can also be used together with capacitors to create oscillators. In small devices with many components, such as in laptops, heat generation can be a problem and must be accounted for in the design. This axi-symmetric model studies the heat transfer in ...

Cooling and Solidification of Metal

This example is a model of a continuous casting process. Liquid metal is poured into a mold of uniform cross section. The outside of the mold is cooled and the metal solidifies as it flows through. When the metal leaves the mold, it is completely solidified on the outside, but still liquid inside. The metal will continue to cool and eventually solidify completely, at which point it can be cut ...

Free Convection in a Light Bulb

This model treats the free convection of argon gas within a light bulb. It shows the coupling of heat transport (conduction, radiation and convection) to momentum transport (non-isothermal flow) induced by density variations caused by temperature. COMSOL Multiphysics model makes it possible to determine the temperature distribution on the outer surface of the bulb, as well as the temperature ...

Convection Cooking of Chicken Patties

When cooking food, such as a patty, in convection ovens there is a trade off in the heating method. If the patty is heated at a low oven temperature the cooking is slow and the patty dries out, resulting in a poor taste. If the patty is heated rapidly at a high temperature, it is difficult to get an even temperature in the patty. When the core is cooked the crust may be over-cooked. This ...

Evaporation in Porous Media with Small Evaporation Rate

Evaporation in porous media is an important process in food and paper industry among others. Many physical effects must be considered: fluid flow, heat transfer in porous media and transport of moisture. This tutorial describes how dry air flowing through a humid porous medium can partially dry it. It is assumed that the initial amount of liquid water in the porous medium is large enough and ...

Parameterized Window Preset Model

During the design of a building, environmental issues have gained considerable influence in the entire project. One of the first concerns is to improve thermal performances. In this process, simulation software are key tools to model thermal losses and performances in the building. The international standard ISO 10077-2:2012 deals with thermal performance of windows, doors and shutters. It ...

Microwave Heating of a Cancer Tumor

Electromagnetic heating is ideally suited for modeling in COMSOL Multiphysics. This model shows the area of hyperthermic oncology but the modeling issues and techniques are generally applicable to any problem involving electromagnetic heating. The purpose of this model is to compute the radiation field and the Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) in liver tissue for a thin coaxial slot antenna used ...

Thermal Bridges in Building Construction - 3D Iron Bar Through Insulation Layer

This model studies the heat conduction in a thermal bridge made up of an iron bar and an insulation layer that separates a hot internal side from a cold external side. The heat flux between internal and external side and the maximum temperature on the external wall are compared them with published values. This example corresponds to the case 4 described in the European standard EN ISO 10211 ...