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Stationary Incompressible Flow over a Backstep

This tutorial model solves the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in a backstep geometry using the Laminar Flow interface. A characteristic feature of fluid flow in geometries of this kind is the recirculation region that forms where the flow exits the narrow inlet region. The model clearly demonstrates the formation of such a region, which is best displayed by visualizing the flow ...

Contaminant-Removal from Wastewater in a Secondary Clarifier by Sedimentation

Wastewater treatment is a several-step process for removing contaminants. Firstly, large, solid particles are removed through sedimentation, flotation, and filtration. And then in a second step, biological treatment causes the smaller particles to aggregate, forming so called flocs. These flocs can be more easily removed by processes such as sedimentation. In a circular secondary clarifier, ...

Transient Elastohydrodynamic Squeeze-Film Interaction

This benchmark model computes the transient pressure distribution and film height in a squeeze film bearing for lubrication in a nonconformal conjunction of a solid sphere and an elastic wall separated by a lubricant film. This model solves the benchmark case of hydrodynamic interaction between a solid sphere and a wall separated by a lubricant film, and extends the benchmark case to include ...

Three-Phase Flow Bubble

This model is a benchmark model for three-phase flow, commonly used in food processing, pharmaceutical industry and chemical processing. The results are validated against data reported in literature. A gas bubble rises through two layers of liquid, one heavier liquid and a lighter liquid resting on to of the heavier one. As the bubble travels from the heavier liquid, it entrains some of the ...

Transonic Flow in a Sajben Diffuser

In this model the high speed turbulent gas flow in a converging and diverging nozzle is modeled using the High Mach Number Flow interface. The diffuser is transonic in the sense that the flow at the inlet is subsonic, but due to the contraction and the low outlet pressure, the flow accelerates and becomes sonic (Ma = 1) in the throat of the nozzle. After a short region of supersonic flow, a ...

Tilted Pad Thrust Bearing

Tilted pad thrust bearings are used in rotating machineries with high thrust loading. The thrust load is transferred from a sliding part to a stationary part through hydrodynamic oil films. The tilted pad thrust bearing consists of a series of flat surfaces sliding over stationary tilted pads. The space between the flat surface and the tilted pad is filled by a lubricant that is drawn in due to ...

Thermophoresis

When a temperature gradient in a gas exists, suspended particles will tend to move from regions of high temperature to low. The force which produces this effect is called the thermophoretic force. Gas molecules colliding with a particle from the hot side have a higher velocity than the cold side, which results in a net force towards cold areas. This effect can be exploited to create thermal ...

Journal Bearing

Journal bearings are used to carry radial loads, for example, to support a rotating shaft. A simple journal bearing consists of two rigid cylinders. The outer cylinder (bearing) wraps the inner rotating journal (shaft). The new thin-film flow user interfaces of the CFD Module enables lubrication analysis and full elastohydrodynamic simulations. This example shows the pressure distribution in ...

Journal Bearing with Cavitation

A journal bearing is composed of an outer cylinder (bearing) wrapped around an inner rotating journal (shaft), with a lubricant separating the two. Under certain operating conditions, cavitation can occur between the bearing and the journal, leading to component damage and failure. Knowing the rate of cavitation is helpful when determining the maximum applied load. Cavitation occurs when the ...

1D Plane Slider Bearing

This benchmark model computes the load-carrying capacity of a one dimensional hydrodynamic slider bearing. The results are compared with analytic expressions obtained by solving the Reynolds equations directly in this simple case.