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Magnetotellurics

Magnetotellurics is a method for estimating the resistivity profile of the Earth's subsurface using the natural electromagnetic source provided by the ionosphere. This model was defined by Zhdanov et al. in a study published in 1997. In this article, various scientific groups compared software performance on the same models. This is the model called COMMEMI-3D-2, which has become one of the ...

Magnetic Stiffness of an Axial Magnetic Bearing in 3D

The model illustrate the technique to calculate the magnetic stiffness in a 3D geometry of a permanent magnet axial magnetic bearing. The *Magnetic Fields* physics is used to model the bearing and compute the magnetic forces. The *Deformed Geometry* and *Sensitivity* physics are used to compute the magnetic stiffness.

An RFID System

RFIDs are used in a multitude of applications such as tracking or identifying consumer products and their packaging. An RFID system consists of two main parts: A tag or transponder with a printed circuit-board (PCB) antenna A reader unit with a larger RF antennaThe reader antenna generates an electromagnetic field that energizes a chip (IC-circuit) inside the tag. The electromagnetic field ...

Small-Signal Analysis of an Inductor

If an inductor's magnetic material is nonlinear, then the inductance depends on the current passing through it. This model consists of an inductor with a nonlinear magnetic core, where the small-signal inductance is simulated as a function of current. The model also investigates how the small-signal inductance depends on the DC current.

Static Field Modeling of a Halbach Rotor

This model presents the static field modeling of an outward flux focusing magnetic rotor using permanent magnets. This magnetic rotor is also often called a Halbach rotor. The use of permanent magnets in rotatory devices such as motors, generators and magnetic gears is increasing. The accurate modeling of a permanent magnets fields is important. This model illustrates how to calculate the ...

Linear Magnetic Gear

In this model, a linear magnetic gear system with a gear ratio of 11:4 is modeled. The liner magnetic gear is assumed to be infinitely long with the modular structure that is repeating on either side. Only a single modular section is modeled by using the customized linear periodic boundary condition. Both the low speed and the high speed armatures (rotors) consist of permanent magnets and back ...

Quadrupole Lens

Just like optical lenses focus light, electric and magnetic lenses can focus beams of charged particles. Systems of magnetic quadrupole lenses find a common use in focusing both ion and particle beams in accelerators at nuclear and particle physics centers. This model shows the path of ions going through three consecutive magnetic quadrupole lenses. The model also takes fringing fields ...

Quadrupole Mass Filter

A quadrupole mass filter (QMF) is a key component of a modern mass spectrometer. A QMF uses direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC) electric fields to analyze positive or negative ions by mass to charge ratio. A QMF consists of 4 parallel rods spaced equidistantly, the ratio of the rod radius to the radius of the inscribed circle is 1.148. Opposite pairs of rods are electrically ...

Thin Low Permittivity Gap Comparison

The thin low permittivity gap boundary condition is meant to approximate a thin layer of material with low relative permittivity compared to its surroundings. This boundary condition is available for electrostatic field modeling. This example compares the thin low permittivity gap boundary condition to a full-fidelity model and discusses the range of applicability of this boundary condition.

Tunable MEMS Capacitor

In an electrostatically tunable parallel plate capacitor, the distance between the two plates can be modified by a spring, as the applied voltage changes. For a given voltage difference between the plates, the distance of the two plates can be computed, if the characteristics of the spring are known. Knowledge of this means that the distance between the plates can be tuned via the spring. ...